In order to exist, man must rebel, but rebellion must respect the limit it discovers in itself—a limit where minds meet and, in meeting, begin to exist. Rebellious thought, therefore, cannot dispense with memory: it is a perpetual state of tension. In studying its actions and its results, we shall have to say, each time, whether it remains faithful to its first noble promise or if, through indolence or folly, it forgets its original purpose and plunges into a mire of tyranny or servitude.
Meanwhile, we can sum up the initial progress that the spirit of rebellion provokes in a mind that is originally imbued with the absurdity and apparent sterility of the world. In absurdist experience, suffering is individual. But from the moment when a movement of rebellion begins, suffering is seen as a collective experience. Therefore the first progressive step for a mind overwhelmed by the strangeness of things is to realize that this feeling of strangeness is shared with all men and that human reality, in its entirety, suffers from the distance which separates it from the rest of the universe. The malady experienced by a single man becomes a mass plague. In our daily trials rebellion plays the same role as does the “cogito” in the realm of thought: it is the first piece of evidence. But this evidence lures the individual from his solitude. It founds its first value on the whole human race. I rebel—therefore we exist.
Though the origins of this character are somewhat obscure, its elements are clearly 竹 bamboo, 車 vehicle, and 㔾 slumped person. It is believed that the original meaning of 範 was “purify a vehicle” (as part of a religious ceremony), which would make 車 a semantic element. It is not entirely clear if the phonetic element, which would express “purify,” is simply 㔾 on its own or the combination of 竹 and 㔾. Either way, the meaning of “model” is a borrowing, with “norm” being an associated meaning with model. “Limit” is thought to be a further association with “norm.”
A deeply disturbing and controversial line of thinking has emerged within the physics community. It’s the idea that we are reaching the absolute limit of what we can understand about the world around us through science.
Equally frightening is the reason for this approaching limit, which Harry Cliff, a particle physicist at CERN, says is because “the laws of physics forbid it.”