Italian-Baroque-Art

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Italian contemporary artist Livio Scarpella series ‘Ghost Underground’  (Bless Soul / Soul Damned) : Inspired by the works of Rococo sculptor Antonio Corradini’s (1668-1752) veiled ladies.

La Menzogna, in detail, Salvator Rosa, 1650. 

     After growing disgusted with comedy of his day along with the actor’s and audience thereof, he swore to a friend he was no longer having anything to do with it. During the early 1660’s Rosa’s work changed drastically. He began to focus on the then contemporary tragedies, as well as edifying biblical themes, and mythological ones in a correspondingly sober style. He utilized fewer colors, those of which were muted, and his art, save for a few, contained fewer figures.

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On this day in 1606, the great Italian Baroque painter Caravaggio killed Ranuccio Tommasoni in Rome. The artist and Tommasoni began to brawl over a bet on a tennis game. This event was the last in a series of troubles Caravaggio brought upon himself through his volatile temperament. He fled the city that had been his home since 1592 fearing arrest and execution.

He first hid on estates owned by the Colonna who shared a Lombard heritage with Caravaggio. Though on the run, Caravaggio continued to paint, completing works such as his second Supper at Emmaus (Milan, Brera) and a now-lost Magdalene. He was in Naples by October, and also spent time in Malta and Sicily.

Andrew Graham-Dixon has proposed that rather than a fight over a bet, Caravaggio and Tommasoni were instead fighting over a prostitute, Fillide Melandroni. A report written by the barber surgeon who examined Tomassoni’s dead body indicates that Tomassoni bled to death through the femoral artery in his groin, suggesting that Caravaggio had tried to castrate him. According to Graham-Dixon, "… particular wounds in Roman street fights meant particular things. If a man insulted another man’s reputation he might have his face cut. If a man insulted a man’s woman he would get his penis cut off.“

Reference: John Gash. "Caravaggio, Michelangelo Merisi da.” Grove Art Online. Oxford Art Online. Oxford University Press. <http://www.oxfordartonline.com/subscriber/article/grove/art/T013950>.

Further reading: Caravaggio

External image
 by Catherine Puglisi (2000); Caravaggio: A Life Sacred and Profane
External image
 by Andrew Graham-Dixon (2011).

Supper at Emmaus, 1606, oil on canvas, Pinacoteca di Brera, Milan

The Crucifixion of St Andrew, c. 1607, oil on canvas, Museum of Art, Cleveland

Ottavio Leoni, Portrait of Caravaggio, ca. 1621. Florence: Biblioteca Marucelliana.

Christ at the Column, c. 1607, oil on canvas, Musée des Beaux-Arts, Rouen

Madonna del Rosario, c. 1607, oil on canvas, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna

The Seven Acts of Mercy, c. 1607, oil on canvas, Pio Monte della Misericordia, Naples

Flagellation, c. 1607, oil on canvas, Museo Nazionale di Capodimonte, Naples

Portrait of a Courtesan (Fillide Melandroni?), ca. 1597, oil on canvas, formerly Berlin (destroyed 1945)