The noise woke me up. I was alone in the room. I went out to the terrace and saw the sea coming inland. It took me five seconds to reach the stairs, but the water was already there. It was not more than five seconds. On the bed, I found a note from my wife saying they were at the beach.
Much akin to the method used by inland practitioners, the sea witch’s bottle calls upon the virtues and powers of the shoreline and sea to provide protection unto its creator. It may be made thusly:
Gather together nine shoreline cactus spines, or the spines of a sea urchin if you should be so fortunate as to come across such things, and place these within a bottle or narrow necked jar. To this add hair and nail pairings, and the claws of a crab. Fill this halfway with sea water and add three pinches of sand, and a tangle of green fleece seaweed. Fill the bottle the rest of the way with your own urine to complete the process. Cap this and tie it about tightly with a layer of netting. This may be hung outside of the house, or interred upon the shoreline, taking care to avoid such places as might house the eggs of sea turtles. Give offering unto the spirits of land, sea, and sky, and see it done.
What one of the Fisher Queens would have worn, Alberta Ferretti
The Fisher Queens were a legendary dynasty that ruled an equally legendary realm, the Realm of the Fisher Queens, in Essos. Their kingdom is said to have covered the lands adjoining the Silver Sea, a great inland sea located in what today is the Dothraki Sea, of which only three great lakes remain. They were one of the first civilizations of which there is any sort of record, even though these records are only legends transmitted through oral tradition, as their supposed existence predates written word.
MASE ASTROBIOLOGISTS STUDY MARS-LIKE ENVIRONMENTS ON EARTH TO BETTER UNDERSTAND EXTRA-TERRESTRIAL SIGNS OF LIFE
Recently, a team of astrobiologists from the EU funded MASE (Mars Analogues for Space Exploration) project descended 1.1 kilometers below Earth’s surface to the Mars-like environment of the Boulby Mine in the UK looking for answers about life on other planets. Six members of the MASE team headed to the mine on the North East coast of England to study ancient formations of honey-comb like hexagonal patterns that were formed 250 million years ago. Similar geological formations have been observed on Mars and the analysis of these rocks will help future space missions to better identify potential sites to look for biosignatures.
Speaking about the recent investigation, MASE Scientific Coordinator Professor Charles Cockell from the UK Center for Astrobiology explains: “In Boulby the rocks were formed around 250 million years ago, in a giant inland sea. We think the polygonal shapes are connected to the expansion of salt when the sea periodically dried out, similar to the processes we see in places like Death Valley in California today. These features are similar to some environments we see on Mars. We suspect that the rims contain clay, iron and organics and we want to test the hypothesis that they contain signatures of life.”
The objective of the campaign to Boulby Mine was to collect solid samples to study their composition whilst at the same time testing different life-detection instruments that can be used to study salt deposits on Earth and elsewhere. The campaign was also part of the UK Centre for Astrobiology’s MINAR (Mine Analog Research) work that seeks to advance science and technology for planetary exploration using the mine.
The overall aim of MASE, a collaborative, four-year research project supported by the European Commission’s Seventh Framework Programme (FP7 - Grant Agreement n° 607297), is to provide new insights into the adaptations of life to Mars-like conditions and the potential preservation of their biosignatures. The European Science Foundation (ESF) leads the co-ordination and dissemination strategy for MASE which is running from January 2014 to December 2017.
Speaking about their involvement, ESF Chief Executive, Jean-Claude Worms said: “The European Science Foundation works closely with the MASE team, supervising the administrative and scientific progress of this unique project. ESF has a long track history in key European initiatives to advance research on life-detection in extraterrestrial environments. Through sampling of analogue sites, studying and stressing anaerobic organisms as well as mimicking the natural fossilisation processes, the MASE project addresses our current limitations in knowledge and will advance our ability to assess the habitability of Mars and detect life. “
Each year, cities throughout the US scatter
19.5 million tons of salt on icy, snowy roads. A lot of that salt is mined in
Ohio, pulled from the remains of massive inland sea that dried up more than 400
million years ago.
Ricky Rhodes photographed this world few ever see. The vast deposit lies 2,000 feet
below Lake Erie. Enormous machines drill into great veins of halite,
extracting huge chunks that other enormous machines crush into bucketloads of
salt that ascend on conveyors. It is a strange world of long tunnels and
cavernous spaces illuminated by headlamps and floodlights.
With 10 members in total and a three-girl choir, Inland Sea are Brisbane’s answer to Cuthbert & The Nightwalkers, but with more folk and ukulele. Apparently one of the members got drunk instead of writing a set-list so the band gets the audience to pick song names out of a hat. If this little gem of audience participation doesn’t win the crowd over, their endearing folk-pop tunes certainly do.
Next are Montpelier, who play a tight set filled with accessible and commercially friendly rock. While the format is not new, they are compelling to watch and the keys do well to contrast the soaring melodies and heavy drums.
Charlie Mayfair’s songs are simple and filled with harmonies so sunny they make you want to frolic in the park. Hannah Shepherd is a charming frontwoman with an amazing vocal range but tonight it is all about backing vocalist Sammy George-Allen who is leaving the band to go overseas. George-Allen is given liberty to play her own song, stumbling through a cutesy ukulele number. It’s an emotional moment and there are definitely a few teary eyes before the end of the night.