Ghost Plant, Monotropa uniflora. Ericaceae family.

What an honor to find these rare beauties! They aren’t out in their full glory yet, but they are still breathtaking. 

These plants completely lack chlorophyll and cannot do photosynthesis. Instead, they get their nutrients from the fungi that are attached to nearby conifers. 

Tiger Mountain, WA. 6/5/2015.

This is the Indian Pipe plant, an eerie-looking plant, in my opinion. Monotropa uniflora is a heterotroph. That means that it doesn’t photosynthesize. Instead, it’s a parasitic plant that relies on mycorrhizal fungi for its nutrients.
Why is it white? No chlorophyll, no green.
It’s also known as the Ghost Plant, and the Corpse Plant. 

Indian Pipe

Photo taken in Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada, and submitted by brian-my-left-testicle.

The Indian Pipe or Ghost Plant, Monotropa uniflora (Ericales - Ericaceae), is a flowering plant entirely white that gets its food through its stubby roots that contain fungi.  And the fungi, extend in a web-like way through dead rotting leaves and connect up to the roots of conifers. The conifers provide sugar, which the fungi carry to the Indian Pipe plant. So it’s really a parasite, but on fungi [1].

Indian Pipe

Love this hugging cluster of Indian Pipes emerging from the pile of last-year leafs:)

The life of the Indian Pipe depends on a three-way relationship with a fungus and another plant. The life strategy of the Indian Pipe makes it look vaguely like a fungus, and live where mushrooms may be common, but in fact it is a very unusual plant.