Iberian-lynx

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This is Eco, an Iberian lynx cub at a breeding centre in Spain. His kind is the most endangered species of cat in the world. Eco has to be kept away from his twin brother, as an Iberian lynx cub is likely to kill its littermate, to ensure its own survival. This behaviour occurs when the cubs are between 30 and 60 days old and it makes the conservation of the species even more difficult. (The Loneliest Animals - PBS Nature)

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The Iberian Lynx is a critically endangered species of felids native of Andalusia and the Algarve. According to the conservation group SOS Lynx, if this animal died out, it would be the first feline species to become extinct since prehistoric times.

There are successful breeding programs in the Andalusian provinces of Huelva, and Jaén (Spain), although last studies estimated the number of surviving Iberian lynx to be as few as 300

Photos: Iberian lynxes from the breeding program at Doñana National Park, Huelva | Spain

Lynx Genus Comparison Chart

So I decided to make a chart comparing the 4 lynx species: Canada Lynx, Eurasian Lynx, Iberian Lynx and Bobcat. I know they can be somewhat confusing, but hopefully this chart can help with that. 

The chart includes the following:

  • Name of lynx species (left-hand side)
  • Images of the face, profile and body
  • Scientific name (right-hand side)

(Although I do not like to crop/edit images, I have cropped some images to keep a uniform size and chart style).

Sources - Canada Lynx: [x] [x] [x] || Eurasian Lynx: [x] [x] [x] || Iberian Lynx: [x] [x] [x] || Bobcat: [x] [x] [x]

IBERIAN LYNX DOWNLISTED FROM ‘CRITICALLY ENDANGERED’ TO ‘ENDANGERED’

June 23rd, 2015

Following six decades of decline, the population of the Iberian Lynx (Lynx pardinus) increased from 52 mature individuals in 2002 to 156 in 2012. The species has now moved from the Critically Endangered to Endangered category on the IUCN Red List. 

This was achieved thanks to intensive conservation action including the restoration of rabbit populations – the main prey species of the Iberian Lynx - monitoring for illegal trapping, conservation breeding, reintroduction programmes and compensation schemes for landowners, which made their properties compatible with the habitat requirements of the Iberian Lynx. 

[Read Full Article Here]

Iberian lynx: back from the brink of extinction … and run down by cars

(photo source) 06-19-15

The world’s most endangered feline species, the Iberian lynx, is making a comeback in Spain after being pushed to the brink of extinction.

But the costly efforts to reintroduce the spotted cat into the wild face an unexpected enemy – cars.

The number of lynx killed by collisions with vehicles has soared since Spain’s economic crisis began in 2008.

The Guardian, Environmental news

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Today is my birthday (I actually forgot until my family called me this morning at midnight) so I wanted to share some of my favourite animals <3 

My #1 fav is the Iberian Lynx

The Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus) is the world’s most threatened species of cat (2), and is currently teetering on the brink of extinction (1). A medium-sized species, it is smaller than the Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx), with which it shares a characteristically bobbed tail, spotted coat, muscular body and long legs (3). The relatively short, coarse fur is bright yellowish-red to tawny in colour, overlaid with brown or black spots, and the underparts are white. The male Iberian lynx is larger than the female, and both possess prominent whiskers on the face and long, erect tufts of black hair on the tips of the ears (2) (3).

Iberian lynx are generally nocturnal creatures, with peak activity occurring at twilight when individuals leave shelter in order to forage (3). Both sexes are solitary and territorial, with male territories overlapping those of several females (3). Females reach sexual maturity at one year of age but will only breed once they are in possession of their own territory (5). The mating season peaks at the beginning of the year in January and February and births occur two months later (3). The female cares for her litter of one to four kittens (3) within a lair that may be located under a thicket or in a hollow tree. Weaning occurs at around eight months but juveniles tend to stay in their natal territory until they are around 20 months old (5). European rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) make up the mainstay of the diet of the Iberian lynx, unlike the larger Eurasian lynx that feeds mainly on ungulates such as roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) and chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra(2). Small deer may be eaten on occasion, if rabbit numbers are low (5).

Historically widespread throughout the Iberian peninsula and the south of France (2). By the mid 1990s, small and severely fragmented populations were found only in diminishing areas of suitable habitat in central and south-western parts of Spain, and in fragmented areas of Portugal. Currently, there are about 170 individuals in only two isolated reproductive populations located in the Spanish Autonomic region of Andaluzia: Doñana and Andujár-Cardeña (5).

The Iberian lynx is found in Mediterranean woodland and marquis habitat (a scrub-like habitat of open forests and thickets), where there is a mixture of dense scrub and open pasture (5).

source for photos and text