procrastination on the project proper has lead to a not WHOLLY implausible crossover between my novel (~10 yrs later) + amarguerite‘s (much better, finished!) novel about the 1830s paris music & theater scene.
“I was born in a valley with its name stolen
from England, a town of corn and cows,
one traffic light, the swagger of New York’s shadow
shattering against Vermont’s border, so though we are
muddy trucks I am also psalm by the river, we also get high
and climb the mountains to watch the sunset in glorious orange
over our homes. We dream of zombie apocalypse,
and whose place we’d first run to if we ever had to fight off infection
from something wanting to eat the life out of you. This fiction
so often a metaphor for your ironies weighing bodies with the whirl
of a whole planet’s gravity attempting to balance compassion
with savagery to teach an animal to love. If love meant give up
everything you were to nourish another’s breath, your God must
have embraced atheists as ready as death without the faith that
resurrects, what a trust in what you can’t see before it happens
closing fast ‘round the neck to bury your journey before you’ve
breathed the first step. Too many of us die young in a car crash,
most of us fucked up, some of us doing God’s work in an ice storm,
bringing sustenance to those closed in by the cold.
If this is a symbol for what we are, I love you All,
as long as you catch us after the fall, in the aftermath
of all our tragic woe bleeding past like a present
to the future we sow in the moment waiting for
our savior to grow from the soil we’ve tended,
from this kindness we know, as deep as thirst relieved
by the sky when it falls.”
May 2, 2002
Slavery Purchased America’s Freedom: While the white Americans profit from slave trade, they actually benefited from the slave system to fund the war against England. As one historian put it, Americans actually purchased their freedom with products grown by slaves and then traded to the French during the War of Independence. Before the war, agricultural products such as rice, indigo, and tobacco all produced by enslaved Africans were America’s most valuable exports. Without the slave trade and slavery, America would never have been able to generate the wealth to gain its freedom from England, at least in the 1700s. As a member of the British Parliament acknowledged after the war. I know not why we should blush to confess slavery was an essential ingredient of American Independence.
Donath (1999) described trolling as ‘a game about identity
deception’, misleading other users into believing this that are not true about
who you are and what you believe. Another version of trolling is tricking by
providing false information or instructions.
This form of trolling can also extend to posting links that
do not go whether other users expect them to go, for example a link that has
breaking or shocking news such as Australia has declared its independence from England and
when you click on the link you are directed to the ‘troll face’ meme. Another
example of this is a ‘rick roll’ which works with a similar idea but the link
takes you to a YouTube video of Rick Astley’s ‘Never Gonna Give You Up’, this particular
example of trolling has progressed further than simply taking the user to the
YouTube video as many people say they can identify when they will be taken to
the video. Wilson, Fuller and McCrea (2013) used the Urban Dictionary
definition to explain that ‘your victim must not know that you are trolling; if
he does, you are an unsuccessful troll’ which explains the adaptation to new
methods of using this song as a device in trolling.
What some parties consider trolling others consider cyber
bullying. For example, Boyd (2014) found in her research that adults had a much
wider understanding of bullying than teenagers did. Boyd explained that teen’s
definition of bullying was similar to Dan Olweus’s definition that bullying has
three main components, repetition, aggression and an imbalance of power.
Whereas, adults that Boyd spoke about seemed to class any sort of harassment as
‘Celebrities read mean tweets’ on Jimmy Kimmel shows
celebrities reading tweets that they have been tagged that are insulting
towards them, the tweets are sent by ‘trolls’ or ‘haters’.
The Canadian Safe School Network made the video ‘kids read
mean tweets’ to campaign against cyber bullying. This video shows how under different
circumstances the same action, posting a mean tweet about someone, can be
trolling or it can be cyber bullying depending who the tweet is directed at and
whether there is an imbalance of power as Olweus’s definition suggests.
Boyd d 2014, ‘Bullying: Is the Media Amplifying Meanness and
Cruelty?’, in It’s Complicated: The Social Lives of Networked Teens, pp
Donath JS 1999, Identity and deception in the virtual
community. In: Smith MA and Kollock P (eds) Communities in Cyberspace. London,
UK: Routledge, pp. 27–58.
Wilson J, Fuller G, Christian McCrea 2013, ‘Trolls and the
Negative Space of the Internet’ The Fibreculture journal, issue 22.