Neoclassical generally involved an emphasis on austere linear design in the depiction of classical historically accurate events, characters and themes, similar to the ESTJ’s empirical Te function. The spirit of classic antiquity reflects the ESTJ’s use of auxiliary Si.
ESFJ: Italian Renaissance
In the spirit of humanism, artists of the early Renaissance strove to portray other people and historical events with a life-like quality and commonly studied human anatomy in efforts to better understand their subjects; this is similar to the ESFJ’s Fe-Si functions.
The Pre-Raphaelites predominantly portrayed historical subject matter and drew inspiration from the Renaissance when artists explored the idea of truth to nature. This is similar to the ISFJ’s Si and Fe functions.
Cubism art generally portrayed subject matter in a deconstructed appearance by viewing the past and present and fusing the multiple perspectives together; this is similar to the ISTP’s use of Ti.
Baroque art had a structured and disciplined artistic creativity similar to the ISTJ’s method of thinking. The portrayal of historical and biblical events parallel the ISTJ’s dominant function, Si. Baroque art displayed intensity in a calculated manner, corresponding to the ISTJ’s auxiliary function, Te.
Rococo art corresponds to the ESTP’s dominant function, Se, as it aimed to evoke emotional states by appealing to the senses. The elaborate intricacy of Rococo paintings is visually comparable to the ESTP’s use of Ti.
ESFP: Pop Art
Pop artists found inspiration in the world around them, representing everyday items, consumer goods, and mass media. This is similar to the ESFP’s use of dominant Se that perceives the outside world in the present moment.
Post-Impressionism proclaimed the validity of pure subjectivity and the expression of an idea over a realistic description of the natural world. Post-Impressionists believed color could be independent from form and composition as an emotional and aesthetic bearer of meaning. This is similar to the ISFP’s use of Fi and Se.
INTJ: Age of Enlightenment
This emphasis on reason, analysis and individualism during the Age of Enlightenment is evocative of the INTJ’s Ni-Te style of thinking.
Realism sought to portray real contemporary people and situations with truth and accuracy. Coupled with auxiliary Ni, the ENTJ’s empirical Te function is reminiscent of realism art.
INTP: Gothic Surrealism
The abstrusity of Gothic Surrealism is similar to the INTP’s deconstructive style of Ti thinking and use of Ne.
ENTP: Psychedelic Art
Psychedelic Art embodies the ENTP’s use of Ne in its metaphysical and surrealistic subject matter.
Comparable to the ENFJ’s use of Fe-Ni, Romanticism painting valued intense emotion as an authentic source of aesthetic experience.
INFJ: Sturm und Drang
Sturm und Drang art exalted nature, feeling, and human individualism, similar to the nature of an INFJ’s dominant Ni-Fe functions.
The innovative painting style of sporadic short, and visible brushstrokes is symbolic of the ENFP’s use of dominant Ne. The Impressionists’ appreciation for nature, human perception and experience is reminiscent of the ENFP’s auxiliary Fi.
Impressionism sought to present the world solely from a subjective perspective to express meaning or emotional experience rather than physical reality. This is reminiscent of the INFP’s dominant Fi.
Disclaimer: Because of the nature of the different types, some personalities do not posses a natural concern or inclination towards art. The association between art movements and MBTI types is based on the nature of the cognitive functions. It is not a reflection of individual quirks, but rather a symbolic interpretation of how the functions generally manifest. If anyone wants a more in depth explanation about a certain art movement and its type, feel free to ask.