Common Toxic Herbs and their Effects

This is not a complete list by any means, but these commonly noted plants, herbs, and flowers should be handled with care or avoided altogether. 

Aconite (Wolfsbane, Monkshood) - all parts: dermatoxic, hepatotoxic, and neurotoxic

Adam and Eve (Jack-in-the-Pulpit, Wild Arum) - root: dermatoxic and gastrotoxic if ingested

African Sumac - leaves: dermatoxic; possibly fatal

Agave - juice: dermatoxic  

Angel’s Trumpet - all parts: cardiotoxic; often fatal

Apple - seeds: cytotoxic in large doses

Apricot - leaves and seeds: cytotoxic in large doses

Arnica - gastrotoxic 

Asparagus - berries: dermatoxic and gastrotoxic if ingested

Azalea - all parts: cytotoxic and neurotoxic; rarely fatal

Betel Nut Palm (Pinyang) - all parts: gastrotoxic if ingested

Bittersweet Nightshade - all parts: neurotoxic and gastrotoxic; rarely fatal

Black Hellebore - all parts: cardiotoxic and gastrotoxic; possibly fatal

Black Locust (False Acacia) - root bark and flowers: gastrotoxic

Black Nightshade - all parts except ripe fruit: neurotoxic and gastrotoxic; possibly fatal

Bleeding Heart - leaves and roots: neurotoxic

Bloodroot - rhizomes: cytotoxic

Blue Passion Flower (Common Passion Flower) - leaves: cytotoxic

Bracken - all parts: carcinogenic

Buttercup - all parts: gastrotoxic and dermatoxic 

Calabar Bean (Ordeal Beans) - seeds: neurotoxic and gastrotoxic if ingested in large doses

Cassava - leaves and roots: cytotoxic in large doses

Castor Bean (Castor Oil Plant) - seeds: cytotoxic if ingested or inhaled

Celandine - nephrotoxic 

Cherry - leaves and seeds: cytotoxic in large doses

Christmas Rose - all parts: gastrotoxic

Cocklebur - seedlings and seeds: gastrotoxic and neurotoxic

Columbine - seeds and roots: cardiotoxic; easily fatal

Corn Lily (False Hellebore) - all parts: cardiotoxic; often fatal

Cowbane (Water Hemlock, Snakeweed) - root: neurotoxic if ingested

Daffodil - bulbs and stems: gastrotoxic; possibly fatal

Datura/Moonflower - all parts: gastrotoxic and cardiotoxic

Deadly Nightshade (Belladonna) - all parts: cardiotoxic and neurotoxic; often fatal

Desert Rose (Sabi Star, Kudu) - sap: cardiotoxic with skin contact

Dumbcane - all parts: dermatoxic; possibly fatal

Elder (Elderberry) - root: gastrotoxic

Elephant Ear (Angel Wings) - all parts: dermatoxic and gastrotoxic

Ergot - neurotoxic 

Foxglove - leaves, seeds, and flowers: cardiotoxic; often fatal

Garlic - all parts: gastrotoxic in some animals

Giant Hogweed - all parts: dermatoxic

Golden Chain - all parts, especially seeds: neurotoxic and gastrotoxic; possibly fatal

Goldenseal - all parts: gastrotoxic and neurotoxic in large doses

Grapes/Raisins - all parts: gastrotoxic in dogs

Greater Celandine - all parts: gastrotoxic in large doses

Hemlock (Spotted Cowbane, Poison Snakeweed) - all parts: neurotoxic; possibly fatal

Hemlock Water Dropwort - roots: neurotoxic if ingested; possibly fatal

Henbane - all parts: neurotoxic and cardiotoxic

Holly - berries: gastrotoxic

Honeybush - all parts: gastrotoxic

Honeysuckle - berries: gastrotoxic in mild cases and cardiotoxic in severe cases

Horse Chestnut - all parts: neurotoxic

Hyacinth - bulbs: gastrotoxic and neurotoxic; possibly fatal

Iris - rhizomes: gastrotoxic and dermatoxic 

Jequirity (Crab’s Eye, Rosary Pea) - seeds: neurotoxic and gastrotoxic; often fatal

Kava Kava - nephrotoxic, hepatotoxic 

Kidney Bean - raw: gastrotoxic

Larkspur - young plants and seeds: neurotoxic; often fatal

Lemon - oil: dermatoxic and gastrotoxic to animals  

Lily - all parts: nephrotoxic

Lily of the Nile (Calla Lily) - all parts: dermatoxic and gastrotoxic if ingested; possibly fatal

Lily of the Valley - all parts: cardiotoxic; possibly fatal

Lima Beans - raw: gastrotoxic

Lime - oil: dermatoxic and gastrotoxic in animals

Lobelia - all parts: gastrotoxic 

Mandrake - roots and leaves: gastrotoxic and neurotoxic

Mango - peel and sap: dermatoxic

Mangrove - bark and sap: dermatoxic and eye irritation

Mayapple - all green parts and unripe fruit: gastrotoxic

Meadow Saffron (Autumn Crocus) - bulbs: gastrotoxic; possibly fatal

Mistletoe - leaves and berries: gastrotoxic, cardiotoxic, and neurotoxic; rarely lethal in adults

Moonseed - fruits and seeds: gastrotoxic; often fatal

Mountain Laurel - all green parts: gastrotoxic

Nutmeg - raw: psychoactive in large doses

Oak - leaves and acorns: gastrotoxic; rarely fatal

Odollam Tree (Suicide Tree) - seeds: cardiotoxic; often fatal

Oleander - all parts: dermatoxic, cardiotoxic, and gastrotoxic; possibly fatal

Onions - all parts: gastrotoxic in animals

Orange - oil: dermatoxic and gastrotoxic in animals

Peach - seeds and leaves: cytotoxic in large doses

Pokeweed - raw leaves, berries, and roots: gastrotoxic and dermatoxic; often fatal

Poison Ivy/Oak/Sumac - all parts, especially leaves: dermatoxic; possibly fatal

Poison Ryegrass (Darnel) - seeds: neurotoxic

Potato - raw: cytotoxic

Privet - berries and leaves: neurotoxic and gastrotoxic; possibly fatal

Ragwort - all parts: hepatotoxic

Redoul - all parts: gastrotoxic, neurotoxic, and causes respiratory issues; can be fatal in children

Rhubarb - leaves: nephrotoxic

Skullcap - hepatotoxic

Spindle (Spindle Tree) - fruit: hepatotoxic and nephrotoxic; possibly fatal  

Stinging Tree (Gympie Gympie) - bark and sap: dermatoxic; sometimes fatal

Strychnine Tree - seeds: neurotoxic; often fatal

Sweet Pea - seeds: neurotoxic and damaging to connective tissues

Tomato - leaves and stems: cytotoxic in large doses

Uva Ursi - neurotoxic, dermatoxic 

White Baneberry (Doll’s Eyes) - all parts, especially berries: cardiotoxic; possibly fatal

White Snakeroot - all parts: gastrotoxic; often fatal

Winter Cherry (Jerusalem Cherry) - all parts, especially berries: gastrotoxic; occasionally fatal, especially to children

Wisteria - gastrotoxic

Yew (English Yew, Common Yew) - leaves and seeds: gastrotoxic if ingested and respiratory issues if inhaled

definitions of terms used in this list: 

  • carcinogenic - a substance that can cause cancer
  • cardiotoxic - toxic to the heart 
  • cytotoxic - toxic to living cells
  • dermatoxic - toxic to the skin
  • gastrotoxic - toxic to the gastrointestinal system (stomach, intestines, etc.)
  • hepatotoxic - toxic to the liver
  • nephrotoxic - toxic to the kidneys and urological system (ureters, bladder)
  • neurotoxic - toxic to the neurological system (brain, nerves, brainstem, spinal cord, etc.)
  • psychoactive - pertaining to substances that change brain function and result in alterations in perception, mood, or consciousness

last updated: 6-29-2016


I wasn’t gonna post this but several people told me I should, sooooo… why the heck not? It’s not art, but that hasn’t stopped me before. Thanks to @happyleech and @heronfoot for helping me (and also listening to me ramble about tea for about 3 hours, hAHA). Also, I’m biased these are all based on my own tea experiences because it’s really hard to judge/understand a tea if you haven’t tried it yourself.

The team tea party had a gradual start, when Reinhardt decided to join Ana while she was having her usual afternoon tea in the communal kitchen. Later that same week, drawn by the laughter, Torbjörn joined the two with his fourth cup of coffee that day. Others soon trickled in after that, until it became a daily event where everyone joined together for afternoon tea at 4 PM sharp – as an attempt at a sense of consistency. In reality, it changes depending on everyone’s schedule; they’re never quite sure if it’ll be a quiet day with just two or three agents or a boisterous one with the entire group together. (It was also an opportunity to introduce everyone to different teas and drinks from around the world.) Winston made sure to keep the tradition of afternoon tea after he initiated the Recall.

Ana: She enjoys rose bud tea with its light, flowery flavor. It’s relaxing and pleasant to sip during downtime. She likes other teas made from flowers too, but this one is her favorite.

Bastion: Obviously, they don’t drink tea, but they do enjoy sitting with the team and listening to everyone talk.

D.va: She likes roasted almond (with bits added, like apple pieces, etc.) sweetened with honey or rock sugar. She usually likes any fruity teas with honey (she has a strong sweet tooth, after all).

Genji: He likes golden pu-erh. It’s earthy (down-to-earth like him, you could say), but not bitter like normal pu-erh. When he was younger, he hated tea and would gulp down the matcha his family drank every day - now he makes sure to savor it with small sips.

Hanzo: Green matcha, unsurprisingly. He grinds it himself and does the traditional Japanese tea ceremony as well, which he finds relaxing. Sometimes he’ll drink regular sencha tea when he’s in a bit of a rush.

Junkrat: Boba tea, half sweet, of course. Any fruit flavor is fine, but he’s partial to strawberry. If they can’t buy it for whatever reason, then Roadhog usually makes it for him because Junkrat can’t be trusted around stoves.

Lúcio: He drinks yerba mate, preferably using the traditional gourd ceremony. As a child in Brazil, he would often get mate leaves from a local farm, to make and pass it around with friends and family; and of course, he still loves to share it with new friends. Sometimes he likes it with a dash of milk. It always reminds him of home.

McCree: Lapsang souchong (smoked black tea) sweetened with sugar and cream when he’s not feeling like coffee. Apple chai rooibos with some woody pu-erh and cinnamon mixed in, when he wants something lighter or sweeter. Both make him think of life as a vaquero in the desert, on a little farm far away from civilization, something he thinks he’d like to do if he ever actually retires.

Mei: She enjoys jasmine green the most, which is strong and flowery, like her. She brews tea using the Gongfu tea ceremony and loves to share with her friends. It was a good bonding experience with her team in Antarctica, and it helped warm them all up – and it’s always a good ice breaker when meeting new people. She does it less after losing her friends.

Mercy: Chrysanthemum, chamomile, lavender, rose buds, hibiscus, echinacea, dandelion, nettle – anything flowery or herbal, which she loves to share with anyone who will drink it. She doesn’t particularly like black tea.

Pharah: She’ll drink whatever will give her the best pick-me-up, which used to be black coffee, but she grew partial to guayusa when Lúcio introduced it to the team. When she’s actually interested in flavor, she likes spicy chai with cardamom, cloves, and cinnamon topped with a little milk.

Reaper: He likes black tea with extra cream and sugar and a bunch of different mixings: caramel, almond, chocolate chip, vanilla, pumpkin spice, peppermint, candy cane – but separately, not all together. He’d rather drink Mexican hot chocolate, though. He stopped making them after joining Talon, and now Sombra does it for him.

Reinhardt: When he’s not chugging alcohol, likes rooibos or honeybush sweetened with honey or sugar cane, with some extra dried fruit or flowers added in (he likes his drinks very sweet, just like he is). He drinks it often in his downtime with Ana, and they like to share.

Roadhog: Anything sweet or flavorful; he’s not picky about flavors and doesn’t really care. It usually ends up being whatever Junkrat gets for him when they get boba tea.

Soldier 76: He drinks roasted barley tea when he needs a substitute for black coffee, with added things like carob and roasted chicory root. He doesn’t use cream or sugar – but he likes to use stevia leaves when he wants something sharply sweet. (Some people think he’s a weirdo for using sugar but not cream.) He drinks tea and coffee for the taste and out of habit, not the caffeine - he doesn’t need it, not after the Soldier Enhancement Program.

Sombra: She likes peppermint tea (she loves peppermint flavored anything) sweetened with honey, cane sugar, or stevia leaves, and maybe with a dash of chocolate or other flavors added in. She’s the one who makes the tea and Mexican hot chocolate for Widowmaker and Reaper because they won’t do it themselves (she makes it better than they do anyways).

Symmetra: She drinks tulsi (holy basil), which she grows herself whenever she can. She also likes light teas, particularly white teas like silver needle, or whatever Mercy is sharing at the time. On a good day, she might enjoy chai with cream but no added sugar. (An extra thing: It’s not a tea, but she won’t drink bhang.)

Torbjörn: He likes dandelion tea for the taste. He lets it seep until it gets cold, taking sips while he works – but he would rather drink strong black coffee. His wife sends him care packages with teas from all over the world, which he shares with the team.

Tracer: Unsurprisingly, before joining Overwatch, she liked regular black tea with cream, sugar, and a dash of lemon, and not much else. Once introduced to the world of teas by the team, she found she likes a whole variety of different kinds. She’s not picky, and she’ll  gladly try anything.

Widowmaker: On good days, she drinks white teas, particularly Baihao Yinzhen (silver needle) and Bai Mudan (white peony). She used to drink black teas in the morning instead of coffee, before joining Talon. She only drinks it now because Sombra makes it for her.

Winston: He likes fruit teas sweetened with a lot of honey or sugar, and sometimes with hibiscus added. He drinks a lot of it; it helps curb his peanut butter cravings a little.

Zarya: She likes Russian Caravan tea best (a blend of oolong, keemun, and lapsang souchong), sweetened with a little cream. She always drinks it after training, as a little reward for all the hard work she put in.

Zenyatta: He obviously doesn’t drink it, but he learned how to make it for others who can. He was the one who taught Genji how to properly make tea (because it’s a bit more than pouring boiling-hot water over leaves). He makes the best tea in all of Overwatch and has memorized everyone’s favorite kinds. He uses the opportunity to talk with others while he brews and shares it. (He won’t say it aloud, but he does wish he could try it too.)

uchidachi  asked:

#13 for,..... a rarepair that you ship? :)

13. “A kiss we had to wait for” for Carver/Merrill, since I wrote them once before and a few people asked for more. :D NSFW under the cut!

Carver has gotten taller, somehow, and broader; elves may have built Merrill’s house, but before him none of Hawke’s shemlen friends had to bend forward to avoid knocking their forehead on the doorframe. His shoulders almost touch the frame when he steps inside, wearing his Grey Warden armour and the widest grin she’s ever seen and—Elgarnan!—a beard, and she’s not even certain it’s him until her name rumbles out of that wide chest of his.

Merrill jumps into his arms without thinking, then feels herself fly as he lifts her off the floor and spins her around before putting her back down like she weighed nothing. She laughs as she staggers on her feet, breathless.

He catches her by the arm to steady her. “Sorry, it’s just—it’s good to see you again, Merrill.” He breaks into another grin, a bright half-moon that sends his eyes shining, and that’s already twice as many as she’s seen him give in the year before the Order took him.

“You look well, Carver,” Merrill says, then points to his chin. “Can I—touch it? I’ve never touched a beard before.”

“By all means,” he laughs as she reaches up to scratch the cropped hairs on his chin. It’s—coarser than she expected. “Still a work in progress, though. Do you like it?” he asks, rubbing his chin and upper lip.

“I—think so, yes. It makes you look very … very human.”

He laughs, balancing his battle axe against the wall. “Well, better than the alternative, I suppose.”

Everything in her house looks small with him in it. For a moment she thinks, wildly, that the chair will collapse right under his weight as he sits at her table, but it holds despite a creak of protest. He unstraps his plated gauntlets while she puts a kettle on the stove and arranges a few hearth cakes on a plate, praying to Sylaise that they’re not stale.

“Those are delicious,” he says around a mouthful, then dusts the crumbs off his beard as he tells her of Weisshaupt and the Anderfels, of the desolate landscape there, all in broken, jagged cliffs and crags, of the cold nights that bite, warded off by laughter and ale and tales from all over. He has another tattoo now, a griffon, he tells her with no small pride.

He thinks he’s found his place, out of his sister’s glorious, golden shadow.

The kettle whistles. She pours the steaming water over honeybush leaves and pieces of dried orange rind, rummages through her cupboard for a mug that isn’t chipped or crazed.

“Your mirror,” Carver blurts out. “It’s gone.”

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@myanweek sci fi au! or rather. steampunk. idk. took some liberties, and this absolutely certainly does not bear a resemblance to a certain finishing school series where there’s a school for inventors and evil masterminds.

Also, is this two days late because I was playing dream daddy? yes. yes it is.

art by @holographdick fic by me!

“– as I have stressed in this course several times, however discrete you wish to keep your poisons- and that is a very fruitful endeavor indeed, make no mistake- they must be labeled in a way that you must be sure of what they are. You mix up your arsenic and your nightshade, and everyone’s evening is ruined like *that.*” Ryan’s voice carried throughout the halls of the school, as he had a penchant for leaving his doors open during class. Michael wandered the hall during his one free period, a steaming cup of tea in his hand, and rather coincedentally, ended up in front of Ryan’s door.

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The Health Benefits of Honeybush Tea The health benefits of honeybush tea, which is rich in many nutrients, are noted for many of its healing properties. Containing vitamin C, flavonoids, and xanthone mangiferin (which have antioxidant properties), honeybush tea also has the essential minerals calcium, copper, magnesium, iron, nitrogen, potassium, and zinc.

Honeybush tea is arguably one of the most unknown of the teas that are currently on the market worldwide. It is a red tea which encompasses twenty-four different species of the genus Cyclopia. Honeybush tea is derived from an indigenous herb located in South Africa, where it grows in the east and west coastal districts. It is known under different names such as Bushtea, Bergtee, and Boissietee, to name a few. The herb is known to grow in marshes, streams, mountain peaks, and slopes.

The antioxidants from honeybush tea protect against free radicals, which are waste substances produced once the body metabolizes food into energy. Known to damage cells and trigger the development of heart disease, cancers, and other illnesses, honeybush tea protects the body against these illnesses.

As a form of relief from the common cold, flu, and pulmonary tuberculosis, honeybush tea has also been shown to treat them effectively.

Honeybush is prepared from the flowers, leaves, and stems of the plant and then ground together.

Preparing honeybush tea for consumption involves boiling two to three tablespoons for very liter of water for fifteen to twenty minutes. Its flavor has been described as sweet like honey or jelly. Honeybush tea is all natural and and pure, and although it can be consumed alone with no additives, milk, honey, or sugar are options that many consider, according to individual taste. Honeybush tea can be served hot or cold and mixes well with fruit juices. Additionally, it can be blended with other types of teas to maximize the health benefits.

The health benefits of honeybush tea for overall health are varied and immense. Naturally free of caffeine, honeybush tea is known for its soothing effect on the central nervous system and thus highly recommended for those people suffering from insomnia, irritability, nervous tension, minimal to mild depression, and headaches.

Drinking honeybush tea has been said to have positive effects against breast, prostate, and uterine cancer, as well as reducing the risk of osteoporosis. The low tannin content in honeybush tea is especially important for people with digestive or cardiac related health issues, where caffeine and tannins should be avoided. As an overall health booster, it is also responsible for strengthening the body’s immune system as well as slowing the aging process. Diabetics or those seeking a low-calorie diet can consume many drinks using honeybush tea for its naturally sweet taste. Mothers of infants and toddlers give honeybush tea to relieve colic, sore throat, and stomach cramps. The calm feelings that it produces has also been shown to help children recover from common illnesses. For nausea, ulcers in the stomach, constipation, heartburn, and other gastrointestinal ailments, honeybush tea has proven effective at relieving the associated pain. Dermatologists often prescribe honeybush tea to their patients because it heals the skin, specifically for rashes, eczema, and other blemishes. For people suffering from kidney stones, honeybush tea is advised to consume, as it is free of oxalic acid. If you have hay fever or asthma, honeybush tea can open up the passages to improve circulation and overall breathing. And simply for overall health and as a dietary supplement, honeybush tea contains many of the body’s daily essential vitamins and minerals, so consumption by all ages is recommended to boost the immune system.

Considering all of these advantages, it is understandable why the health benefits of honeybush tea are known worldwide.

Tea for a sore throat (lemon and honey)

It’s getting to be the time of year when the weather takes a turn for the colder and symptoms of colds and sometimes allergies start to crop up for some people.  I always turn to hot tea when I get a sore throat, and while any tea will do, it’s good to choose a tea that best suits your needs.  The tea I’m going to describe how to blend should help sooth your sore throat and your nerves.  Hopefully, it will help you relax a bit while you get better.

This recipe is good for one cup of tea.  If you wish to make a pot, double or triple the recipe.  The tea should not get bitter when brewed strongly.  You can adjust all ingredients to your liking.

  • For a base, use either about two tablespoons of chamomile or, if you can get some, one tablespoon honeybush, one tablespoon chamomile.
  • Dry lemon slices (peal AND fruit) in the manner explained in this post.  Before placing in oven to dry, brush very lightly with honey.  If you aren’t careful, the lemon slices will become very sticky after drying.  Add one or two slices to one cup of tea.
  • Steep for about four or five minutes, longer if you wish.  The lemon taste will be strong, so if you would prefer a lighter lemon taste, only use one slice and steep for less time.
  • Add honey.  You shouldn’t need much.

I hope, if you find the need for this tea, that you feel better soon.  If you plan to store this tea for future use, I would suggest sealing the lemon slices in an airtight container/bag.  I would advise storing in the refrigerator, but they should preserve well in a dry cupboard.  (Don’t keep them for longer than a few weeks.)


Anybody in need of a delicious, warm drink for the cold weather? Well here we have Earl Grey Creme and Honeybush Vanilla teavana tea! And I show you how to make it!


Melianthus major in the Hortus Horrei of Corte Eremo, Mantua

This little honeybush is, well, still little: 55 cm tall. The leaves are the right shape, and it looks perfectly healthy. When will it start to turn that incredible glaucous colour I see in other photos of it? Maybe next year? and is that when it will start smelling sweet as honey (or some say like peanutbutter)?

There are a few of the same bush growing in the ground (and not in pots), but they, too, are not very big yet.