sometimes I remember that Neanderthals were part of Genus Homo and I just start to feel so lonely
H. sapiens sapiens is the only extant species of Genus Homo.
There is only one type of “human” from a taxonomic standpoint.
We are alone in the world.
Sure, there are other ape species that are similar to us. But they are of the Genii Pan and Gorilla and Pongo. We all fit under the Family Hominidae, but in my heart, that has less intimacy than sharing a Genus. They’re similar, but they aren’t Like Us.
All other members of Genus Homo have gone extinct, and now there is only us.
Along with our other great ape cousins – the gorillas, chimps, and bonobos – orangutans belong to our Hominidae family tree, which stretches back 14 million years. As the only great apes from Asia, orangutans have adapted to a life high in the rainforest canopies.
Many of the skills they learn are transmitted through the special bond they have with their mothers – the most extended in the animal kingdom next to humans. Orangutan mothers usually give birth to one baby at a time, waiting up to 8 years before having another. This gives the young, who begin as fully dependent infants, plenty of time to learn how to climb and distinguish the hundreds of plants and fruits that make up their diet. Female orangutans even stay with their mothers into their teen years to learn child-rearing.
As they grow up, orangutans also develop a complex set of cooperative social skills by interacting with their peers and siblings. Much like ourselves, young orangutans involuntarily mimic the facial expressions and emotions of their playmates, with behaviors that closely parallel human smiling and laughter.
Once they finally venture out on their own, orangutans continue to develop their resourcefulness, putting the skills they’ve learned into practice. Adults build a new nest each night by carefully weaving twigs together, topping them with soft leaves, pillows and blankets. This process requires dexterity, coordination, and an eye for design.
Orangutans also use a variety of tools to make their lives in the jungle easier. They turn branches into flyswatters and backscratchers; construct umbrellas when it rains; make gloves from leafy pads ; and even use leaves as bandages to dress their wounds.
But orangutan intelligence goes far beyond jungle survival. Research in controlled environments has shown that orangutans are self-aware, being one of the few species to recognize their own reflections. They also display remarkable foresight, planning, and cognition.
While orangutans are able to pass cognitive tests with flying colors, there are certain problems that they need our help to solve. Indonesia has the world’s highest rate of deforestation, and millions of acres of rainforest are burned annually to support the logging and palm oil industries. Deforestation exposes the 30,000 orangutans remaining in the wild to poachers. They kill mothers so that baby orangutans can be sold as exotic pets.
In Malay, the word orangutan translates literally to “the person of the forest” – a reminder of our common lineage. And despite orangutans being some of the smartest animals on Earth, outsmarting their extinction requires the creativity, empathy, and foresight that our species share.
Written by Jun Togawa for Yuko Miyamura (Asuka from Evangelion’s voice actress), a Yapoos version of this song was slated to appear on cancelled 2002 release 霊長類ヤプーズ品目ヒト科, or “Order Primates, Yapoos-class Hominidae” in English. The release was cancelled shortly after Kyoko Togawa’s suicide, however 2 of the songs saw release on 2003′s CD-Y.
In its 4.6 billion years circling the sun, the Earth has harbored an increasing diversity of life forms:
for the last 3.6 billion years, simple cells (prokaryotes);
for the last 3.4 billion years, cyanobacteria performing photosynthesis;
for the last 2 billion years, complex cells (eukaryotes);
for the last 1 billion years, multicellular life;
for the last 600 million years, simple animals;
for the last 550 million years, bilaterians, animals with a front and a back;
for the last 500 million years, fish and proto-amphibians;
for the last 475 million years, land plants;
for the last 400 million years, insects and seeds;
for the last 360 million years, amphibians;
for the last 300 million years, reptiles;
for the last 200 million years, mammals;
for the last 150 million years, birds;
for the last 130 million years, flowers;
for the last 60 million years, the primates,
for the last 20 million years, the family Hominidae (great apes);
for the last 2.5 million years, the genus Homo (human predecessors);
for the last 200,000 years, anatomically modern humans.
Periodic extinctions have temporarily reduced diversity, eliminating:
2.4 billion years ago, many obligate anaerobes, in the oxygen catastrophe;
252 million years ago, the trilobites, in the Permian–Triassic extinction event;
66 million years ago, the pterosaurs and nonavian dinosaurs, in the Cretaceous–Paleogene extinction event.
Satsuki: Do you think an exoskeletal invertebrate that needs to sheds its skin to grow understands the actions of the vertebrate which grows from within? Minomushi: Cease your babbling, Chordata Mammalia Primate Hominidae! Eat this, String Storm! Iori: Whoa, he’s shooting threads out of his mouth! Satsuki: Don’t get cocky, Arthropoda Insecta Lepidoptera Psychidae!
Today’s biology lesson is brought to you by Kill la Kill Drama CD 3
I'm all for a good meme but what are the differences orangutans and gorillas. I thought they were like completely different species and thus I'm a little annoyed at the Harambe jokes xD
Like us, they are in the great ape family, the Hominidae, but are in a different subfamily, the Ponginae, whereas gorillas, chimpanzees, and yours truly are in the subfamily Homininae. For other examples of animals in different subfamilies, think of the difference between an otter and a badger, a gerbil and a mouse, a goat and a cow, a lion and a house cat - and you get the general idea.
Lateral views of some Hominidea crania showing possible changes through time. A mildly airorynch Proconsul may be a good ancestral morphotype for hominoid craniofacial hafting, as a similar degree of airorhynchy is also found in hylobatids (Shea 1988). Dryopithecus shares with other hominines neurocranial elongation (though this also occurs in hylobatids), the development of supraorbital tori, klinorhynchy and probably in association with the latter, a true frontoehtmoidal sinus. Modified from Kordos and Begun (2001).
- p. 932, Begun, D. (2007) Fossil Record of Miocene Hominoids