Ho Chi Minh

Carry on the Legacy of Malcolm X, Yuri Kochiyama, and Ho Chi Minh
May 19, 2015

Anakbayan-USA honors and celebrates the birth anniversaries of Malcolm X, Yuri Kochiyama, and Ho Chi Minh, three staunch anti-imperialists who embodied the spirit of international solidarity. Just as Yuri and Ho stood in solidarity with oppressed African Americans in their time, we stand with the people of Baltimore, Ferguson, and people across the US who are rising up in protest against the brutal extrajudicial killings of our Black brothers and sisters. We call upon all Filipino American youth to heed Yuri Kochiyama’s life-long call to “build bridges, not walls.” We are in solidarity with all oppressed peoples and communities fighting for self-determination against economic attacks and state terrorism under US imperialism, our common enemy.

At the same time, we stand with the call of Asians across the US who also cry justice for slain African-American Akai Gurley and demand that Chinese-American NYPD officer Peter Liang be held fully accountable for his death. We will not allow white supremacy to drive a wedge between Black and Asian communities and pit us against each other in the media  in order to maintain the status quo. All police officers, no matter what their race, must be held accountable for the killings they commit.

The lives of Malcolm, Yuri, and Ho continue to serve as examples for youth of color facing white supremacy and state violence today. It is justified to rebel against an oppressive system that does not serve the needs and interests of the people, to defend oneself as Malcolm stated, “by any means necessary.”  After living as a worker in the US from 1912-1918 and integrating with the progressive Black community in Harlem, Ho Chi Minh later returned to Vietnam to lead the national liberation struggle against French colonialism. Yuri Kochiyama also worked with the progressive Black community in Harlem fifty years later during the 1960’s and joined Malcolm X’s organization. She also supported various national liberation struggles throughout her life, including today’s ongoing revolution in the Philippines. The extrajudicial killing of Malcolm X in 1965 by government assets was executed at a time when his politics began to evolve towards an internationalist perspective due to his travels among the oppressed people of the world.

We urge today’s youth to learn from their examples and realize the interconnectedness between the struggles of poor and working class people across the world. Only by immersing ourselves in working class communities can we concretely understand how people from the US to the Philippines and countries across the globe are all suffering under US imperialism and neoliberal policies. We must carry on and push forward the organizing work started by Malcolm, Yuri, and Ho in order to bring about a more just and humane future.

State terrorism and fascist police violence against African-Americans in the US are a constant thread throughout this country’s existence. The police principally function to serve and protect the property and business interests of the ruling class by quelling the resistance of the working class masses. This rang true in the 1960’s during the time of Malcolm X and was recently demonstrated in Baltimore as well as in other uprisings such as Los Angeles in 1992.

The US was founded by racist slave owners and the wealth of this nation’s ruling class was accumulated through the massive inhumane exploitation of working people and people of color. The first police forces in the US were Slave Patrols created to protect the property of slave owners from rebellion by interrogating and persecuting African-Americans without any justification or due process. This unjust practice continues today as police are increasingly being exposed for their unjust and widespread treatment of African-Americans as automatic criminal suspects and threats to the oppressive status quo.

In tandem with the denial of basic resources and underfunding of social services such as education and youth development programs, the police consistently attack African-American and other communities of color as a means to continue capitalist profit-making through the prison-industrial complex. We demand an end to this malicious scheme and call for systemic changes for the people to gain political power to determine the future of their communities.

Anakbayan-USA raises our fists across the nation to remember and learn from Malcolm, Yuri and Ho as revolutionary examples of offering one’s life in complete service of the people. In the same spirit, we salute the community organizers and people of Baltimore who are proactively seizing the situation as a way to build collective strength in their community and work towards meaningful social change. We are in solidarity with the people of Baltimore who are in the struggle for their livelihood; calling for liveable jobs to rise from poverty, to end the school-to-prison pipeline, to seize self-determination, and demanding their right to live.

(English below)
Mình nhớ rất rõ trong một buổi chiều khi mình còn nhỏ, lúc đó gần Tết và cả đại gia đình mình ngồi trong một khu vườn ở xa trung tâm thành phố. Mặt trời lặn từ từ, từ từ, rồi tất cả chú, dì, anh, em, bố, mẹ thậm chí ông bà mình luôn, mọi người đứng lên và bắt đầu nhảy, trừ mình. Lúc đó mình nhớ, ai nhảy cũng xấu lắm, hahaha, nhưng mình cứ ngồi đó, trên cái bậc thềm rồi coi cả gia đình mình tận hưởng cái vui vẻ đó với nhau. Lúc đó mình nghĩ trong đầu là, tất cả, tất cả những điều tuyệt diệu nhất trong đời, hay thậm chí trong phim ảnh luôn, thì cũng chỉ đẹp được tới như vậy thôi. Và mình nghĩ đó là cách mọi thứ bắt đầu, cách mình bắt đầu nhảy, vì nó là thứ gần nhất và dễ nhất gợi mình nhớ về hạnh phúc.

I remember it vividly one afternoon in Tet holiday when I was a little boy. My whole family gathered in this small garden, away from the city and the sun started setting. And one by one, all of my uncles, aunts, cousins, my mom, my dad and even my grand parents, all of them, except for me, stood up, to dance. It was nothing fancy hahaha, but I remember I was sitting there on the porch watching them and thinking, man, among all of these spectacular things in life, or even in movies, nothing could compare to this moment, this one afternoon, this garden. And I think that was how it all started, how I got into dancing, because it’s the closest and easiest way that could remind me of happiness.


January 3rd 1901: Ngô Ðình Diệm born

On this day in 1901, the future South Vietnamese President Ngô Ðình Diệm was born in Quang Binh. Born to a staunchly Catholic noble family, his eminent ancestry secured him a spot in the imperial ministry. However, he left politics due to frustrations with French colonial rule, and went into self-imposed exile for many years, during which time he travelled to the United States. Diệm returned in 1954 to lead the government of the newly independent Vietnam, and, after defeating the emperor in a referendum in which his supporters intimidated voters, made himself the sole president of South Vietnam. He quickly established an autocratic rule, flouting requirements for free elections in 1956 and imprisoning dissenters. Diệm was fiercely opposed to the communist control of North Vietnam, and therefore received military and economic support from the United States, who feared the fall of Vietnam to communism would lead to a ‘domino effect’ in the region. The Catholic Diệm pursued an aggressive policy towards the Buddhist majority in South Vietnam, which led to a high level of protests in Vietnam and defections to communism. These protests included self-immolation by Buddhist monks, captured by Malcom Browne in one of the most iconic images of the twentieth century - the self-immolation of Thich Quang Duc. The United States withdrew their support for South Vietnam amid the protests, and, in November 1963, Diệm was assassinated in a military coup. In 1964, after the Tonkin Gulf Incident, the United States became fully engaged in the war effort against Ho Chi Minh’s communist forces, thus beginning America’s involvement in the Vietnam War. Diệm was a major force in Vietnamese politics during the troubled years after independence, and his brutal suppression of his own people exacerbated the tensions which erupted in one of the major wars of the twentieth century.