History

1970 Chicano Moratorium

45 years ago today in East LA, 30,000 marched in the Chicano Moratorium in protest of the Vietnam War, and in an act of self-determination for Chicanos. Historians believe the Chicano Moratorium was one of the largest anti-war protests of its day and the first to call attention to the number of Chicanos disproportionately represented in the Vietnam War.

Thousands who gathered at Laguna Park after the march to listen to speakers and performers were forced to run for cover after deputies from the Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department began brutally attacking march-goers with night sticks. Reporter Rubén Salazar was one of them.

Salazar, who was a well-known journalist, was killed later that evening at the Silver Dollar Bar on Whittier Boulevard when sheriff’s deputies shot a tear gas canister into the bar. The canister hit Salazar in the head and killed him instantly. Salazar had clashed with local police in the months before his death, reports the LA Times. Ángel Díaz and Lynn Ward also died that day.

The Moratorium remains a symbol of resistance for new generations of Chicanos discovering their roots and place within current social justice movements.

Although Black people were present in Britain in the Roman and medieval periods, and  there has been a continuous settlement of people of African heritage from the sixteenth century to today, Black peoples’ experiences and also the role they have played in shaping British history has often been hidden or marginalised. Up until recent decades, Black British history pre-1945 was little examined in public discourse and academic history writing.
As a result of the work of some historians, genealogists, and grass-roots organisations this situation has improved. Still, much more needs to be done, particularly in terms of mainstreaming Black and other diverse ethnic histories into general academic writing on Britain, and in documenting the various and multiple everyday interactions between people of diverse ethnic backgrounds and to explore these interactions in regards to gender, class, sexuality, political identity, and other intersectional identities.
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After gaining independence from British Raj, India was to be divided into two separate countries (India and Pakistan). A major population exchange happened with around 25 million people becoming refugees when they tried to relocate. Hindus were fleeing into India, and Muslims were fleeing into Pakistan and what is now Bangladesh. There were religious riots, fanatics attacking groups trying to move, and many more people just taking advantage of the chaos. This is a series of photos by LIFE magazine, chronicling this dark time in the subcontinent’s history. Click through the images to enlarge the photos and read their captions.

Caravaggio

The Incredulity of Saint Thomas

Italy (c.1601)

Oil on Canvas, 107 cm × 146 cm.

Sanssouci Palace Museum, Germany

Since Caravaggio’s paintings are all about lighting, contrast, and of course, chiaroscuro, different photographs of the same painting can look rather different.

In any American art history or history of Western Civ classroom, you’re practically guaranteed to hear of and see works from Caravaggio. But this work is less likely to be seen in PowerPoints and textbooks as an example because it includes a man whose race appears ambiguous to Americans-the man with brown skin who represents one of the Apostles accompanying Doubting Thomas to examine the wounds of Christ. Here is an image from caravaggio.org of people viewing the painting in a museum, to hopefully offset the illusion that any one specific photograph can capture its colors and contrasts perfectly.

We are encouraged to assume that because he is “from history” he must therefore be white; he is white because he is from history.Sometimes we are even prompted to imagine the people in these paintings as someone we know, perhaps they look like us, or a relative of ours. But if the works we see are limited to only white or white-appearing people, how does this affect our sense of identity and connection to history? Are students of color discouraged from identifying with the people in paintings like this one, and why or why not? Further analysis and examination in this direction is discouraged in most classroom environments and disciplines, although this is beginning to change. My focus is on examining our expectations of these works, and how we as viewers categorize and identify with the people depicted in them.

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Ancient Drunkards

Greek merrymakers painted on a Boeotian black-figured kantharos, c. 575-550 BC, attributed to the Painter of Berlin. The kantharos shows one side with five nude komasts (drunken revelers) moving to the right, the first four dancing with one leg raised, the lead komast playing the aulos, a sixth komast to the left holding a kantharos in his right hand; the other side with six nude komasts moving to the right, four dancing with one raised leg, one holding the handle of a rounded-bottom jar, a kantharos on the ground before him, the second to last with his head turned back, details in added red, with rays on the foot.

dss.collections.imj.org.il
Digital Dead Sea Scrolls
The discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls have had dramatic implications for the study of Jewish history, providing scholars with a large and diverse (mostly religious) literary corpus from the Hellenistic-Roman Period.

And now they’re online! You can see for yourself five of the famous Dead Sea Scrolls. Read an explanation of what they say, and where that fits into and informs our understanding of Judaea during Roman occupation.

Tit (Isis Knot) Amulet

18th Dynasty, New Kingdom

The tit symbol (pronounced teet) illustrates a knotted piece of cloth whose early meaning is unknown, but in the New Kingdom it was clearly associated with the goddess Isis, the great magician and wife of Osiris. By this time, the tit was also associated with blood of Isis. The tit sign was considered a potent symbol of protection in the afterlife and the Book of the Dead specifies that the tit be made of blood-red stone, like this example, and placed at the deceased’s neck.

Knots were widely used as amulets because the Egyptians believed they bound and released magic.

(Source: Met Museum)

  • someone:hey
  • me:The French Revolution (French: Révolution française) was an influential period of social and political upheaval in France that lasted from 1789 until 1799, and was partially carried forward by Napoleon during the later expansion of the French Empire. The Revolution overthrew the monarchy, established a republic, experienced violent periods of political turmoil, and finally culminated in a dictatorship by Napoleon that rapidly brought many of its principles to Western Europe and beyond. Inspired by leftist and radical ideas, the Revolution profoundly altered the course of modern history, triggering the global decline of absolute monarchies while replacing them with republics. Through the Revolutionary Wars, it unleashed a wave of global conflicts that extended from the Caribbean to the Middle East. Historians widely regard the Revolution as one of the most important events in human history.

Rare Coin with Alexander the Great’s Horse, Bucephalus, Struck in 281 BC

Excessively rare, less than ten examples are known of this Greek silver tetradrachm of King Seleukos I Nikator. This coin, minted in Pergamon, shows what is believed to be the horned image of the mighty warhorse of Alexander the Great, Bucephalus. The reverse is inscribed BAΣIΛEΩΣ / ΣEΛEYKOY with an elephant walking to the right, a bee above and an anchor below.  

This coin was only struck for a brief period of time. It is thought that the issue was a commemorative one, struck to mark the victory of Seleukos I over Lysimachos at the battle of Corupedium. The horse on the obverse of the coin is perhaps a reference to Alexander’s own mount, Bucephalus. A huge horse and thought to be untameable, it is reported by Plutarch that Alexander won Bucephalus when he was a thirteen-year-old boy after he subdued it, and that only he was able to ride the animal. There are contradictory accounts of the fate of Bucephalus, some stating that he died of natural causes, and others that he perished following the battle of Hydaspes in 326 BC.

An alternative interpretation of the obverse of this coin could be a commemoration of the horse that enabled Seleukos’s flight from Babylon in 316 BC. The addition of the horns to the horse signifies that it is an heroic animal. The elephant that appears on the reverse of the coin was a symbol of Seleucid might, in use since the reconquest of India in 304-303 BC.

This is a copy of the official weather bulletin put out by the U.S. National Weather Service on August 28, 2005. This is perhaps the most dire warning ever put out by the U.S. National Weather Service, and it was almost completely accurate. Areas uninhabitable for weeks. ½ of the homes damaged. 

Human suffering incredible by modern standards.

Hurricane Katrina hit New Orleans 10 years ago today, the day after this statement was issued. 

Here is a talk by the weather forecaster who wrote this statement.