TomBoy Director: Herb Freed Cast: Betsy Russell, Gerard Christopher and Kristi Somers USA | 1985 | 91 min
Tomasina “Tommy” Boyd, a young woman who works as a mechanic, dreams of being a stock car driver and meeting her idol Randy Starr. She is also the tomboy of the film, who acts like a jock with her love of athletics rather than the usual girl things, unlike her friends.
Mani, the Buddha of Light, Founder of Manichaean Gnosticism
Mani was born of Iranian (Parthian) parentage in Babylon, which was a part of Persian Empire about 210-276 CE. He was a religious teacher and the founder of Manichaeism, an ancient Persian gnostic religion that was once prolific.
Gnostic Studies: Buddha Mani-Christ: You Freed Souls from Samsara, Ignorance, and Gave Wisdom
Below is from the Great Song of Mani, from the Manichaean section of, The Gnostic Bible, Gnostic Texts of Mystical Wisdom from the Ancient and Medieval World: Pagan, Jewish, Christian, Mandaean, Manichaean, Islamic, and Cathar, Edited by Willis Barnstone and Marvin Meyer, SHAMBHALA Books.
The Gnostic Prophet Mani 1
Unendingly submerged in the dust 2
of forgetting rebirths
and in a state of poisonous savage animals,
they were always mad.
When the passion of greed 3 poisoned them
and they were dying,
you prepared a medicine for them
from the herb of meditation.
YOU FREED FROM IGNORANCE AND GAVE WISDOM
They raved in the passion of anger;
they lacked sense or coherent thought
and you assembled their thoughts,
and so they understood their origin
in the Realm of Light.
Those living beings in the five states of existence 4
you freed from ignorance
and gave them wisdom,
leading them to pari-nirvana. 5
Many differing passions – hatred and bitterness –
troubled these thinking beings
and scattered their thought,
but holy Father, when you descended from the sky,
the families of all thinking beings
reached the peace of Nirvana. 6
YOU RESCUED FROM SAMSARA 7
We who are miserable and with no hope
would have stayed in the torture of samsara,
not finding the end of your path. 8
You set up the ladder of wisdom,
you let us supersede the five forms of being,
and you delivered us.
We who were fettered in suffering
were rescued from rebirth
to see the Buddha-like sun god
who is like you.
For those tied to transitory pleasure,
you preached the true law.
You carried them across the Sea of Suffering
to the good Nirvana.
For those tied to the root of attachment to the world,
you revealed the road to the realm of the Buddhas,9
you raised a Sumeru mountain 10 of virtue,
you let them find endless happiness.
For those plunged in the water of pride,
you showed the bridge of the true law.
You took understanding of the good law into their hearts.
You entrusted them to the holy assembly.
For those confused by the six organs of perception 11
you showed the rising and falling states of being.
You revealed what is the suffering of those in the Avici,
the deepest Buddhist hell.
You let them be reborn in the blessed fivefold heaven 12 of Light.
Look for the ways of salvation,
you crossed lands going to every side.
When you found humans needing salvation,
you rescued all.
1. The Great Song to Mani: translated by Hans-Joachim Klimkeit (Gnosis on the Silk Road: Gnostic Texts from Central Asia, 280-84); revised in verse by Willis Barnstone.
2. Of the next eleven lines, which are badly preserved, five line fragments are here given.
3. The Pali Buddhist term for greed is lobha (a vice also in Manichaeism), for anger dvesa, for ignorance moha.
4. In Buddhism these are the states of gods, humans, hungry spirits (pretas), animals, and beings of hell.
5. This Buddhist Nirvana is the Manichaean Realm of Light.
6. The next six verses are badly preserved and are reconstructed.
7. The cyclical process of metempsychosis, that is, the transmigration of the soul by way of rebirths and deaths, is called samsara. This transmigration extends from the lowest insect to the Brahma, the highest of the gods. The rank of one’s new birth, after passing through a hell or a heaven, depends on one’s karma in the previous life. In Sanskrit samsara means “the running around.”
8. The Realm of Light.
9. Again, the Realm of Light of the previous prophets.
10. The Sumeru mountain is the central mountain of the universe in the Buddhist and Hindu cosmology.
11. The six organs of perception (sadayatana) in Buddhism are the five sense organs and manas, the mind.
12. The Realm of Light.
13. Probably Mani’s Living Gospel.
14. The four Buddhas are probably Seth, Zoroaster, Buddha, and Jesus. “Four” is not in the original text.
A film by Stanley Donen & Gene Kelly Singin’ In The Rain (1952)
Director: Stanley Donen, Gene Kelly Producer: Arthur Freed Screenplay: Betty Comden, Adolph Green Cinematography: Harold Rosson Music: Arthur Freed, Nacio Herb Brown, Betty Comden, Johnny Green, Roger Edens
“Singin’ in the rain is a delightful mixture of nostalgia and affectionate satire on the turmoil and triumphs that beset the transition from silent films to the talkies. The famous "Singin’ in the rain” song showed off the balletic and hoofing skills of Gene Kelly as Don Lockwood to memorable effect. Kelly’s talent were also seen in the Broadway ballet sequence, while Donald O'Connor's electrifying comedy-dance routine, Make ‘Em Laugh, was the peak of his career.“ - Ronald Bergan, The Film Book, 2011.
“Good Morning” from Singin’ in the Rain (1952) - music by Nacio Herb Brown and lyrics by Arthur Freed; performed by Gene Kelly, Debbie Reynolds, and Donald O’Connor
This song originally appeared in 1939’s Babes in Arms but I’m pretty sure this is the more entertaining cover. And good morning to you, too.
Singin’ in the Rain would be nominated for a cringeworthy two Academy Awards, losing both nominations for Best Scoring of a Musical (Lennie Hayton) and Best Supporting Actress (Jean Hagen). This has been attributable to Gene Kelly’s success in An American in Paris, which won Best Picture the previous year. Everyone was still recovering from that spectacle and the magic of Singin’ in the Rain would finally be appreciated sometime afterwards.