Henryton

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Henryton State Hospital


The Henryton State Hospital center was erected in 1922 by the Maryland Board of Mental Hygiene. It was established as a facility to treat African Americans suffering from tuberculosis.This was one of the first such facilities in Maryland erected to provide African Americans with the same level of treatment as whites.

The original complex opened in 1922 and consisted of 6 main buildings and one utility plant. These buildings were erected between the years of 1921 and 1923. The American mindset in the late seventies and early eighties shifted from institutionalization to more outpatient and home care which led to decreasing resident numbers at Henryton. By the fall of 1985, the facility was emptied, locked, boarded up, and closed for good.