This M1916 German steel helmet with artillery shrapnel damage was taken from a German soldier killed at Mouquet Farm
Mouquet Farm was the site of nine separate attacks by three Australian divisions between 8 August and 3 September 1916. It stood in a dominating position on a ridge that extended north-west from the ruined village of Pozières. Although the farm buildings themselves were reduced to rubble, strong stone cellars remained below ground which were incorporated into the German defences.
The attacks mounted against Mouquet Farm cost the 1st, 2nd and 4th Australian Divisions over 11,000 casualties, and not one succeeded in capturing and holding it. The British advance eventually bypassed Mouquet Farm leaving it an isolated outpost. It finally fell on 26 September 1916.