phillyvoice.com
70 years ago, six Philly women became the world's first digital computer programmers
Without any real training, they learned what it took to make ENIAC work – and made it a humming success. Their contributions were overlooked for decades.

”In 1945, the U.S. Army recruited six women working as computers at the University of Pennsylvania to work full-time on a secret government project. For the next year, they used their creativity, tenacity and solid backgrounds in mathematis to become the original programmers of the world’s first electronic general-purpose computer, called ENIAC.

“These women were hired pretty much to set this machine up, but it turns out that no one knew how to program. There were no ‘programmers’ at that time, and the only thing that existed for this machine were the schematics,” said Mitch Marcus, the RCA Professor of Artificial Intelligence in the Department of Computer and Information Science at the University of Pennsylvania. “These six women found out what it took to run this computer — and they really did incredible things.”

“They stepped in to do a job that they didn’t understand, that nobody understood,” said Bill Mauchly, a Berwyn resident who hopes to put together a Philadelphia-area museum honoring ENIAC. “So they had to invent, discover, and learn how to work this machine without any real training. In that sense, they were real trailblazers.”

He believes they were probably the first people to have “programmer” as a job title, even though it was nothing like the occupation of today. Babysitting this giant, complex computer was very physical work, requiring them to haul cables and trays to different parts of the room-sized machine to get it to run programs correctly. They would even crawl inside the hug structure to fix faulty links and bad tubes.

“The first time I talked to Betty Holberton, who wrote the demo program for [the Feb. 15 ENIAC public unveiling], she said to me, 'There was this big dinner that night, and we girls were not even invited,'” said Marcus, who had confirmed this fact earlier by looking at the guest list in the Smithsonian archives. “The women were viewed as operators of the machine. They were there to help men figure out how to use the computer and were given basically no credit, and their role was entirely minimized. The fact that they weren’t invited to the dinner is pretty telling, I think.”

Read the full piece here

ACTUALLY, FOUR ASTRONAUTS AND A FIGHTER PILOT! 

“From left to right; astronauts Stephanie Wilson, Joan Higginbotham, Mae Jemison, Yvonne Cagle and fighter pilot Shawna Kimbrell”

Source

Learn more about these great women:

1. Stephanie Wilson

2. Joan Higginbotham

3. Mae Jemison

4. Yvonne Cagle

5. Shawna Kimbrell

“Though she never graduated high school, as the daughter of the live-in housekeeper for the Tiffany family (of Tiffany & Co and Tiffany glass), May Edward Chinn grew up with much of the culture and education that the Tiffany children had. Her lack of a high school diploma didn’t stop Chinn from getting into Columbia University Teacher’s College in 1917, where she majored in science. She then became the first African-American woman to graduate from Bellevue Hospital Medical College (1926), and then the first African-American woman to intern at Harlem Hospital. After her internship however, Dr. Chinn had to open a private practice as she could not find a hospital that would allow her to practice at that time. Chinn worked with underserved populations and often they were in the late stages of terminal illnesses like cancer. Chinn was known for her push for early cancer detection through Pap smears and genetic history.“
- Via National Women’s History Museum

autostraddle.com
"Her Story" Stars Wanna Tell Real Trans Love Stories
Talking with three of the stars of trans-created webseries Her Story about love, representation, staffing a set with trans women and so much more.

OH MY GOD

“Co-created and co-written by a trans woman, directed by a trans woman, starring two trans women and with other trans women on the crew, the upcoming webseries Her Story is poised to be one of the most authentic onscreen depictions of trans women ever. “

OH MY GOD YOU GUYS

Read this interview. It’s a wonderful, interesting, articulate interview (thank you meyllenpage). Then also check out their indiegogo to help them cover post production costs. Then hype it up on social media so we can get this produced for real! We have a chance this time, to not just decry the type of media that doesn’t represent trans women well, but to support and make happen the kind of media that will!

OMH MY GOD OH MYG OD JUST JUST JSUST support this and spread it around

buzzfeed.com
Created By Trans Women, Starring Trans Women: “Her Story” Is The Groundbreaking Trans And Queer Web Series You’ve Been Waiting For
Her Story, the new six-episode series about trans and queer women navigating their professional and dating lives, is setting out to change the way we think about high-quality trans media.
By Meredith Talusan

This is the kind of deeply complicated insight that escapes writers who observe trans experience from the outside rather than living it from within.  …

More than adroitly depicting trans women’s points of view, Her Story also explores cis people’s reactions to trans women with enormous depth.

youtube

A trans woman and cis lesbian fall for one another in “Her Story”

From AE contributor Laura Zak comes the series I just marathoned all morning. Herstory is so beautifully shot and unique. I’m really excited to see this happen. 

Victorian Era woman of the day:

Caroline Norton. 

In 1836, after leaving her husband, she was left with nothing from him. In the course of her legal research, she discovered that married women essentially did not exist legally under the law at the time. And so when she ran up bills in her husbands name, she told the creditors- and later the courts- that they had no recourse but to claim the funds back from her husband, as she herself did not exist under the law as a married woman. 

Shortly after, her husband abducted their children, as fathers had complete legal right at the time. Though she was never able to reclaim custody of her children, her campaigning was directly responsible for the Custody of Infants Act 1839, the Matrimonial Causes Act 1857 and the Married Women’s Property Act 1870; allowing women the right to their children, making divorce more affordable and married women to inherit property and take court action on their own behalf. Also allowing, for the first time in the UK, married women to have a separate legal identity from their husbands. 

“Wise words from Lucy about honoring the wisdom of elder women – from the “Peanuts” comic strip by Charles M. Schulz, 1976.

In our post, “Mighty Girls and their Grandparents: Love Through the Generations,” we showcase books for children and teens about grandmothers passing on wisdom to their granddaughters at http://www.amightygirl.com/blog?p=7352

For an excellent book for older teen and adult readers about the diverse roles played by American women during WWII, we highly recommend “Our Mothers’ War: American Women at Home and at the Front During World War II” at http://amzn.to/1Mbgk9I

To introduce young readers to the story of the 18 million American women who entered the workforce during WWII and how this changed the course of history and women’s role in society, we highly recommend “Rosie the Riveter: Women Working on the Home Front in World War II,” for ages 10 and up, at http://www.amightygirl.com/rosie-the-riveter

And, for more stories about girls and women around the world who lived during the WWII years, visit our “WWII & Holocaust” book section at http://www.amightygirl.com/books/history-biography?cat=186

As seen on the A Mighty Girl Facebook page  

7

Celebrating Black HERstory Month

Jacqueline Moore: In the WWE, she became the first ever African American woman to win the WWE Women’s Championship on Sept. 21, 1998. She won the Women’s Title for a second time on February 1, 2000 facing off against a man dressed in drag.

On May 6, 2004 Jacqueline answered Chavo Guerrero’s open challenge for the WWE Cruiserweight Championship (a title typically held by men), and was victorious. She was definitely not shy when an opportunity came around to wrestle against men.

Since leaving the WWE, she has appeared on TNA Impact under the name of Jackie Moore, both as a wrestler and as a manager for James Storm and Beer Money.

Additionally she has held the following titles: The IWA’s Women’s Championship, USWA Women’s Championship, and the UWF Women’s World Championship.