Pablo Picasso works on ‘Guernica’, commissioned by the Spanish Republicans in 1937 after the aerial bombing of Guernica by the Nationalists, Luftwaffe, and Italian Aviazione Legionaria. Because a majority of Guernica’s men were away fighting, the casualties were mostly women and children.
“The raid on Guernica is unparalleled in military history. Guernica was not a military objective. A factory producing war material lay outside the town and was untouched. The object of the bombardment was seemingly the demoralization of the civil population and the destruction of the cradle of the Basque race.” – George L. Steer, The Times
The painting was created in response to the bombing of Guernica, a Basque Country village in northern Spain, by Nazi German and Fascist Italian warplanes at the request of the Spanish Nationalists. Today it is regarded by many art critics as one of the most moving and powerful anti-war paintings in history.