Graden

Set of pruning tools, 1575–1600

French

Steel, partly gilded, and mother-of-pearl

Engraved with motifs of fruit and foliage, the products of their use, the set includes billhooks for removing branches and clippers that could be mounted on a pole. A pruning knife, saw, and combination hammer and auger to cleave tree bark for bud grafts are evidence of the care taken in trimming and directing tree branches.