Making a complete list is surprisingly difficult, considering that this information is probably known locally. Below is an incomplete and flawed list by country, updated December 2014. Linked posts go to past Cool Chicks from History posts.
If you can add to the list, please use the answer function to write the woman’s name and country.
Ogino Ginko was Japan’s first female physician and her
career was propelled by her own lackluster experiences as a patient. Married at age 16, Ginko contracted gonorrhea
from her husband. Once she realized that
she was infected, she sought and was granted a divorce but she felt stigmatized
by the medical community as a patient with a sexually transmitted
infection. Believing that a female physician
would have shown her greater compassion, Ginko resolved to become a physician
herself. She enrolled in a private all-male medical
college (today Juntendo University) and graduated in 1882. Despite her education, Ginko was initially barred
from taking the examination that would qualify her as a physician. She finally took and passed the exam in 1885.
After qualifying as a physician, Ginko opened an obgyn
practice in Tokyo. In 1890, she married
for a second time. The couple never had
children as Ginko’s gonorrhea infection had left her infertile.