Francisco-de-Goya-y-Lucientes

Joaquina Téllez-Giron y Pimentel, Marchioness of Santa Cruz (1805). Francisco de Goya y Lucientes (Spanish, 1746-1828).Oil on canvas. Museo Nacional del Prado.

The lady, wearing an elegant white chiffon dress is crowned with oak leaves, with its fruits, according to the fashion of that period, which in this case symbolizes virtue, perseverance and strength. The lady supports her left arm on a guitar shaped lyre instrument fashionable at the time.

Doña Isabel de Porcel (before 1805). Francisco de Goya (Spanish, 1746-1828). Oil on canvas. The National Gallery, London.

She is dressed as a ‘maja,’ as Spanish ladies of fashion often did in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. Goya’s portrait of her husband, Don Antonio de Porcel, was dated 1806. The painting is almost certainly identifiable with a portrait chosen by Goya for exhibition at the Real Academia de San Fernando in Madrid in 1805.