Landing on an aircraft carrier is an extremely challenging task. A
shortened moving runway surrounded by the mighty oceans makes it only
But pilots( especially navy ) are trained to land on aircraft carriers and a couple of simple engineering designs aid in this enterprise;
The arresting gear
Arresting gear, or arrestor gear, describes mechanical systems used to rapidly decelerate an aircraft as it lands.
There are 4 cables in separated lines that the pilots aim for whilst landing.
When the tailhook of the jet engages with the wire, the aircraft’s kinetic energy is transferred to hydraulic damping systems, this slows down the aircraft tremendously.
What if they miss?
It does happen! Pilots do miss the line while attempting to land.
They keep full speed until they are 100% sure that they hook up ( in case
they miss the cables ). Which means they are still at full speed for
about 2 seconds at the end with the cable extended to max.
If they don’t hook up to the line, they simply go around.
Some jets also have the ability to vertically land on the flight deck.
They are known as VTOL’s ( Vertical take off and landing ) aircrafts.They can hover, take off, and land vertically.
Catching aircrafts with a net
The barricade/barrier system/crash net is quite literally a net that is used to slow down an aircraft.
It is employed only under emergency situations or for aircrafts that operate without a tailhook.
A successful landing without a nosewheel
The barricade webbing engages the wings of the landing aircraft, wherein
energy is transmitted from the barricade webbing through the purchase
cable to the arresting engine.