something i like abt moana is they didnt just have moana go ‘ugh i HATE my CULTURE its RESTRICTIVE and i want to REBEL against it’

she openly loves her culture and island and the only issue she has is the fact she cant explore beyond it, and eventually that her dad isn’t letting her save her island by going out. she still becomes leader and everything

her culture is never portrayed as anything restrictive, only the repercussions of what maui did and her dad’s personal gripes.

:Hail the Solstice: : The Abyss of Darkness:

The time has come………………..To sow new seeds. 
The time has come………………..To make place for the new.
The time has come………………..To let go of what needs to go.
The time has come………………..To start anew.

                        Hail the rebirth of the sun!
                        Hail this winter solstice!


Das Christkind (“christ child”) is the traditional Christmas gift-bringer in parts of Germany along with Austria, Switzerland, Italy, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, France, Portugal, the Czech Republic, Croatia, Slovakia, Hungary, and Upper-Silesia in Poland. Promulgated by German church reformer Martin Luther to discourage the figure of St. Nicholas at the Protestant Reformation in 16/17th-century Europe, many Protestants changed the gift bringer to the Christkind and the date of giving gifts from Dec 6 to Christmas Eve on Dec 24. The Christkind was adopted in Catholic areas in the 19th century, while it began to be gradually replaced by a more or less secularized version of St. Nicholas, the Weihnachtsmann (“Christmas Man” aka Santa) in Protestant regions. The Christkind is a child or a young girl, usually depicted with blond hair and angelic wings. As a gift-bringer, children will never see the Christkind in person. Parents tell them that the Christkind won’t come and bring presents if they’re too curious and try to spot it. One version is that a bell is rung and the family enters the living room for the opening of presents (“Bescherung”) after the Christkind has supposedly been there. This happens on the evening og Dec 24. For some time now, the Christkind has faced competition from the Weihnachtsmann, similar to the American Santa figure, which supposedly was caused by the use of Santa as an advertising figure. A well-known German figure is the Christkind at the Christkindlesmarkt in Nürnberg (as above), which is represented by a young woman chosen every year for this very task.

German Folklore

German folklore is the folk tradition which has naturally developed in Germany over the centuries. It shares many characteristics with Scandinavian and English folklore due to their origins in Germanic mythology, reflecting a similar mix of influences: a pre-Christian pantheon and other beings equivalent to those of Norse mythology; magical characters (often pre-Christian) associated with Christian festivals, and various regional stories. 

As in Scandinavia, when belief in the old gods disappeared, remnants of the mythos persisted: Holda, a supernatural patron of spinning; the Lorelei, a dangerous Rhein siren derived from 19th century literature; the spirit Berchta (aka Perchta); the Weisse Frauen, a water spirit said to protect children; the Wild Hunt (in German folklore preceded by an old man, Honest Eckart, who warns others of its approach); the giant Rübezahl; changeling legends; and many more generic entities such as the elf, dwarf, kobold, and erlking.

Popular holiday-related folklore includes Krampus and Knecht Ruprecht, a rough companion to Santa Claus; the Lutzelfrau, a Yule witch who must be appeased with small presents, the Osterhase (the original Easter Bunny), and Walpurgisnacht, a spring festival derived from Pagan customs. Character folklore includes the stories of Pied Piper of Hameln, the trickster hero Till Eulenspiegel, the Town Musicians of Bremen, and Faust.

Documentation and preservation of folklore in the German states was initially fostered in the 18th and 19th centuries. The Saxon author Johann Karl August Musäus was an early collector; study was further promoted by Prussian poet and philosopher Johann Gottfried von Herder. His belief in the role of folklore in ethnic nationalism - a folklore of Germany as a nation rather than of disunited German-speaking peoples - inspired the Brothers Grimm, Goethe and others. Folklore elements, such as the Rhine Maidens and the Grimms’ The Story of a Boy Who Went Forth to Learn Fear, formed part of the source material for Richard Wagner’s opera cycle Der Ring des Nibelungen. Some of the works of Washington Irving - notably Rip van Winkle and The Legend of Sleepy Hollow - are based on German folktales.

Within Germany, the nationalistic aspect was further emphasized during the National Socialist era. Folklore studies, Volkskunde, were co-opted as a political tool to seek out traditional customs in order to support the idea of historical continuity within a Germanic culture.