European-tradition

anonymous asked:

This is a stupid ask for someone your caliber, but are the Fae the same all over the word? If I follow the European traditions and make an offering to a river spirit somewhere in Africa, they have different Fae there? Sorry for my ignorance😥😥😥

It’s good that you asked! 
Yes, it’s supremely important that you learn about the native traditions of the land if you’re going to work with those spirits. 
Like in North America how it’s not good to give alcohol as an offering to the land spirits, even though this is something done in Europe. The spirits that dwell on North American soil are not the same ones that dwell in say Scotland. 
The faeries are a European thing, but especially so in the British Isles. Elves are a part of Norse and Germanic culture, just as the Sidhe are specific to Ireland. Other cultures have other kinds of spirits. Learn about them. Read their folklore. Learn from those who work with them. 

In Tangled and Tangled: The Series, Rapunzel is the sole heir to the crown as the only child of her father, Kind Frederic. Rapunzel’s position as a future queen seems to have raised many questions in the fandom. Because I’m a history enthusiast, I wanted to make some points clear for all fans and fanfiction writers.

Originally posted by disneyfeverdaily

Rapunzel will become a queen of her own right, a queen regnant. This means she will inherit her power and become the sovereign ruler of Corona. This differs greatly from her own mother, Queen Ariana. As king, King Frederic is the sovereign ruler of Corona. As his wife, Ariana is actually a queen consort, being the wife of a king. This means that Queen Ariana shares her husband’s rank and title but not his sovereign power. The series actually confirms this, as about all decisions this far have been made by Frederic alone; King came down hard on crime, King enacts a martial law that forbids Rapunzel from leaving Corona, King will decide what happens to Eugene after his confession to the queen…

But the biggest question in fandom seems to concern Eugene and his status after Rapunzel becomes queen. And no, he will not become a king. This is both a historical fact according to European tradition (while Corona is a fantasy land, it is definitely in Europe) and something Eugene himself points out at the end of Tangled, where he says that Rapunzel ruled her kingdom with wisdom and grace. Not they and their kingdom, Rapunzel and her kingdom.

Eugene becomes prince consort. This means that he will not have sovereign power. Husband of a queen is not called a king unless he has inherited sovereign right to rule himself. Husband of the queen will not share her rank and title. This is because of male primogeniture; male heirs are given privileges before females. King means a male ruler who has inherited his right to rule and so ideally, queen would actually be queen consort. However, Rapunzel is an only child so she will definitely become queen regnant instead. Eugene will not hold any royal power. Instead, he will most likely act as counsel and guide for his wife, Rapunzel.

Originally posted by dj066rapunz3l

I know it may seem strange for many fans that Eugene will not become king or hold any actual power. This is because traditionally, Western stories have loved to glorify male heroes by giving them power and titles. I don’t see many people wondering what Cinderella or Tiana will do after their princes become kings and I think that is because it’s just so easy to imagine a heroine as simply a wife but it’s harder to imagine a hero as simply a husband, with position depending completely on his partner. I personally take Tangled as a great opportunity to get used to and celebrate a heroine finally having power in her own right and becoming a great female ruler.

This has been some interesting historical and not so historical trivia for today. Rapunzel will become an amazing queen and Eugene will be there to support her all the way through.

As a sidenote, Rapunzel will never become Rapunzel Fitzherbert. Royalty in Europe do not need last names even today. And even so, Rapunzel is clearly higher in rank. It would be unwise to give up her father’s name after marriage as she will inherit his title and power. Actually, historically in such cases husbands could take their wife’s name instead. I think Eugene was either using his commoner thinking or simply making cute rhymes in Tangled Before Ever After when he sang about her becoming “Mrs Eugene Fitzherbert”. Modern fics are a different matter, of course. But taking your husband’s name is not the only way to be cute and romantic so I’m sure their marriage is just as sweet anyway.

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(Watching) the lighting of Easter (bon)fires on Easter Sunday (or Easter Monday) is an old custom in parts of Europe. 

It is a custom to lit the Easter Bonfire in the Northwest European countries, the Netherlands, (Northern) Germany, Denmark, parts of Sweden, Finland, but also in Austria and Switzerland.  

In the Netherlands this year the highest Easter (bon)fire measured about 20 meters high (according to the contest).

Watching such an Easter (bon)fire burning at sundown is quite an experience. Even at a safe distance you can feel the warmth and hear the cracks of the fire. And the smell of burned wood (fo example christmas trees) transpire through the houses hours afterwards. Even if you live miles and miles away from the bonfire.    

:Summer Solstice: The Abyss of Darkness:

Alone I stand upon this very mountain….
Staring ahead into the giver of life….
Down she goes, in all her beauty and bright!
Her light cloaks us all, to celebrate anew!
Death and rebirth embraced once more!
Together forever!
Hail Sunna!


(In solitude my soul dwells, and thus I wish to those who see alike, to those who feel alike, to those who are alike, a happy summer solstice!).

-Ulvrh

King Arthur: Legend of the Sword is a random heavy-fantasy retelling of the Sword in the Stone? Seems silly, right? 

Wrong! 

It’s a Guy Ritchie film and you can feel that – there are there fun sections of dialogue and visual pacing where it’s got this fast, fun, gangster movie runaround feel that Snatch did so well. Then the next minute it’s high-fantasy LOTR dramatic and monsters and mages? Then the next minute you’re watching these amazing fight and battle sequences that are killer and fun and just really stylish! Charlie Hunnam’s King Arthur is like… Aragorn if Aragon had Jax Teller’s upbringing. Which is exactly the vibe I think they cast him for and it really works?

It contains in no particular order:

- Excellent sound track 

- Amazing fight choreography 

- The most badass take on Excalibur I’ve ever seen

- A very compelling villain in Jude Law

- No romance sub-plot

- POCs very purposely cast into traditional European fantasy roles (like you can see them going, lol fuck you. It’s canon. Your fave is POC now) 

- Really unique interpretations of fantasy characters with no shying away from the magic and creature-feature stuff

- A really cool fucking world that leaves you really wanting more and wishing this was an HBO series and not a movie

So I highly recommend it. That’s what I’m saying. Someone watch this and talk to me about it.

Source

International Workers’ Day

“International Workers’ Day, also known as Labour Day in some countries,  is a celebration of labourers and the working classes that is promoted by the international labour movement, socialists, communists, and anarchists which occurs every year on May Day (1 May), an ancient European spring festival. [4] The date was chosen for International Workers’ Day by the Second International, a pan-national organization of socialist and communist political parties, to commemorate the Haymarket affair, which occurred in Chicago on 4 May 1886. The 1904 International Socialist Conference in Amsterdam, the Sixth Conference of the Second International, called on “all Social Democratic Party organisations and trade unions of all countries to demonstrate energetically on the First of May for the legal establishment of the 8-hour day, for the class demands of the proletariat, and for universal peace." 

Being a traditional European spring celebration, May Day is a national public holiday in several European countries. The date is currently celebrated specifically as "Labour Day” or “International Workers’ Day” in the majority of countries, including those that didn’t traditionally celebrate May Day. Some countries celebrate a Labour Day on other dates significant to them, such as the United States, which celebrates Labor Day on the first Monday of September.”

can we all stop pretending eurovision is anything other than making sure we keep authentic european traditions alive, such as france and the uk giving each other the lowest amount of points

Breathing Life

Dolls and poppets are utilized across many faiths, however often witches neglect to “breath life” into them. Not doing so doesn’t make them wholly ineffective, however going the extra step really amps up the potency, especially when using it as sympathetic magic or creating a protective being! It’s a relatively simple step, but highly dependent upon which path you follow. I’ll briefly cover my methodology.

Foremost, I would like to specify the difference between the two types of dolls I utilize. One being sympathetic magic, the one most often thought of when people think of dolls and witchcraft. Voodoo dolls. This is a misnomer, as the common portrayal off voodoo dolls in media have skewed the original purpose of such dolls. Originally the dolls were used by practitioners not to affect people, but as a guide to the sufferers ailments and treatments – more akin to a “medical chart.” However, they have since (and really, in European magical traditions for centuries) been used to heal or harm a specific victim in which the doll was made to their likeness. This is a sympathetic doll, made in their likeness, usually incorporating some sort of personal affect (hair, clothing, blood, etc.).

The second type, and the kind I most often use, are dolls not based on any individual, but instead exist to act as a guardian of sorts or facilitate change/growth/health/etc. These are unique and very much a product of your imagination. Create them to be whatever you see fit.

That being said, let’s begin;;

Sympathetic Dolls: Begin by first, stitching the doll together in the likeness of he/she you wish to influence. You can be as general or as specific as you want – matching hair, eyes, facial features, build are all common concepts. Traditionally the dolls were stuffed with Spanish Moss (most probably due to the abundance in the American South) however you can stuff it with anything you have on hand. If you have anything of the persons, now would be the time to use it, hair can be wrapped and stuffed in the doll, pieces of their clothes can be folded and placed inside, blood should be on a scrap of cloth, dried and then added.

Once the doll is complete and you’re satisfied with its image (in truth, dolls have been made out of anything and everything, the only crucial step is the following), you must give it life. For sympathetic dolls, this can be as simple or difficult as you wish. I prefer to take the simple route and sit with the doll and focus intently on the person you wish to connect to it. I then mentally stitch the spirit of the person to the doll (either at the heart or at the feet – as a short of shadow). Vocalize your intent and revel in your creation.

Conceptual Dolls/Guardians: These are my personal favorites to create, in all honesty. I find poppets to be a lot of extra work, however they are useful in remote healing/hexing. These, as I mentioned, are beings of your thoughts. Tulpas, in a way. Begin by gathering your materials and ideas. Create a doll to symbolize whatever you wish to accomplish. As far as this tutorial goes, I’ll use the example of a Guardian or a doll for protection. It can look however you wish, and be as simple as sticks tied together, to the most intricately created doll you could muster. I, personally, stick with a small doll (no bigger than 8 or 10 inches) with yarn hair, simple clothing and a painted face. I often stuff mine with herbs associated with my will, as well as batting and sometimes stray scraps of fabric.

After your doll is complete, take it to the Crossroads. It can be a door, a gate (I use the gate of a remote cemetery near me), a cemetery, even a maternity ward if you’re that committed and light a candle. Fill your mind with intention, then connect with the energy of your crossroads. Feel the planes converge, and bend this erratic energy to your will, funneling it through your consciousness and into your doll. See the energy shape, bend, coalesce into a being of your intent and give it a Name, as there is much power in a Name. Connect its energy to our physical plane by allowing it refuge within the fabric of the doll you have created. Leave a gift at the Crossroads, and blow out your candle, sealing in the doll’s spirit. Use it as you desire, but do not neglect it.

Thus ends this tutorial!

Best of luck,

Q

:Hail the Solstice: : The Abyss of Darkness:

The time has come………………..To sow new seeds. 
The time has come………………..To make place for the new.
The time has come………………..To let go of what needs to go.
The time has come………………..To start anew.


                        Hail the rebirth of the sun!
                        Hail this winter solstice!

-Ulvrh

anonymous asked:

Hi! Could you suggest some music in Catalan? Old or modern I don't mind ^^ thanks

Sure! We have a lot of good music imho. I tried to break it down to music genres more or less

Classics (1960s “Nova Cançó” movement)

Modern music

Pop

Rock

Rap and Ska (most of my personal faves)

Rumba (very very popular among young people)

Inspired by traditional music and/or actual traditional songs

Musical theatre

You’ll find better quality audios on Spotify :)

Woah I just realised I got carried away and made a huge list hehe… well, everyone should be able to find something they like.

I hope you enjoy it!

anonymous asked:

When exactly did witches and the folkloric devil become associated with male goats? Goats just seem like such a random choice since goats on the whole are cute as kids and chill as hell when they're adults. Is it because goats are so intelligent? Is is a holdover from an older belief system? Is it a more domestic version of horned-animal reverence? And is the association widespread across European witchcraft traditions?

Ah boy. Asking the big questions today…

From what I know and have learned, there isn’t an exact answer as to when. Goats have always had a close association to (Western European) witch lore. In fact, goats have a huge associations with the occult and paganism overall as well: Baphomet and Pan as examples. Goats even appear in Abrahamic religions, Azazel being of particular note due to some believing him to be associated with Lucifer or the Serpent. 

Due to its close associations with animism, witchcraft just in general has a LOT of animal associations. 

Though the association is quite old, goats (amongst other animals) became more infamously associated with witchcraft during the medieval times, especially with the European Inquisitions. 

Goats (and sheep) though were a lot more common in French witch lore, goats can be found in a variety of different fairy lore: bucca and puka being two examples. Particularly in the British isles and Celtic nations, the fairy faith and witchlore are very intertwined.   

Interestingly, the Basque word for Witches’ Sabbat being  “Akhelarre” (goat pasture).

Now, I am not certain if the goat has associations in witchcraft lore beyond Western Europe (even then not all places in Europe have goat associations with witches and/or the devil). However, it is very prominent today in a number of witch traditions. 

Powder Spells: An Introduction, and Powdered Luck

Image Credit: Juniper Wildwalk (post author) (BY-SA licence)

Sometimes, brewing a potion or constructing an altar is either impractical, expensive, or simply impossible. In those situations, it’s often possible to create a simple powder spell that will perform the desired action, and is also transferrable between people if you want to make the spell for someone else or give it to them as a gift.

What is a powder spell?

A powder spell is a piece of magick that uses the mixing together of different powdered ingredients to create a magickal powder. This powder can then be use as a form of incense in some cases, but more commonly is carried around in a pendant or is sprinkled around a doorway, on an object, or even on a person or animal you want to imbue with magickal properties.

Powdered Luck

This powder spell will bring luck to all those who use it. There are two versions – the one with pennyroyal, and the one with peppermint.

The pennyroyal spell is more potent, but cannot be consumed or burnt! Pennyroyal is extremely poisonous, and could seriously injure those who inhale the smoke, consume the herb, or sometimes even touch it if they have an allergy. The pennyroyal version should be considered pendant and altar-only. Do not use it on or around living things, and never set it on fire!

The peppermint spell is still quite strong, but not as strong as the pennyroyal version. However, it CAN be consumed and it is safe to burn, and so I recommend crafting this version unless you specifically need pennyroyal.

You will require:

  • 1 part dried, powdered peppermint OR pennyroyal
  • 1 part ground black pepper
  • 1 part cinnamon
  • 1 part fresh soil
  • 1 part sugar
  • 1 part ground nutmeg

Mix your powders together within a pot or bag, and push a little bit of magick inside the pouch to kickstart the reaction. Think of the magick you give it as being the seed you plant into the Earth, and the magick you get out as the harvest.

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A note about powder spell history


Powder spells are a combination of European and African/Hoodoo traditions, and as such you must respect that a part of this practice came from another culture. However, since it has ALSO been an element of European practices, those witches who practice European witchcraft can feel free to use powder spells, provided they’re not appropriating original Hoodoo recipes without permission. Please respect original Hoodoo spells and their workers by refraining from appropriating old recipes. 

– Juniper

youtube

Incredible video of kind Ajax fans bombarding homeless man with money in Lyon

A video has been released on Youtube of Ajax fans bombarding a homeless man in Lyon with money as they visited the city for the Europa League.

The Dutch side eventually progressed through to the final of the competition in Sweden after a 5-4 win over the French giants.

That was eventually not to be the talking point of the game as a video emerged of fans prior to the game.

In traditional European away days fashion, the fans congregated in a square surrounded by bars and drinks.

In the middle of it all was a lone busker who was playing his guitar.

Seemingly, an Ajax fan requested him to play ‘Three little birds*’, a song in which the club chant to.

What happened afterwards was beautiful, all fans joining in and singing together, all contributing to the busker’s fund

The look on his face says it all: Well done Ajax fans! 

*Note: The song Three little birds gets played every home match of Ajax. 

youtube

Joan Baez singing in the Catalan language.

This is a traditional Catalan folk song known as Rossinyol que vas a França (”You, nightingale flying to France”) or El rossinyol (”The nightingale”).

The singer, a girl who has been forced to marry without love, asks a nightingale going to France to greet her mother.

This song is still commonly sung nowadays, but most people don’t know its origin. Scholars believe it has its origins in the year 1659, when the Treaty of the Pyrinees signed by France and Spain gave the Rosselló region (Northern Catalonia) to France. The nightingale is free to cross the border and its singing brings together the families that were separated.

Joan Baez has sang other songs in Catalan, including Lluís Llach’s Viatge a Itaca and No Serem Moguts. She also sang a translated version of El Cant dels Ocells (The Carol of the Birds).