European Jewelry

Ivan Kramskoi (1837-1887)
“Maria Feodorovna” (1880s)
Realism, Peredvizhniki

A Danish princess, she became the Empress of Russia as the wife of Emperor Alexander III of Russia. Her eldest son became the last Russian monarch, Emperor Nicholas II of Russia, whom she outlived by ten years.

Drinking Vessel made from a Seashell. Mid-13th – 14th century in Cilician Armenia. 

In the centre of the shell is a silver medallion containing a depiction of a ram and, around the edge, the Armenian inscription: “Shakhuk, servant of God”. The rim of the shell is fringed with silver that bears traces of gilding. Remnants of an Armenian inscription remain on one section of the mount. In mediaeval Europe the shells of the giant scallop (Pecten maximus) became associated with pilgrims who had visited the Holy Land. Those making the journey would sew such shells onto their clothing as a symbol of divine protection.


Hallstatt Bronze Spiral Bracelet, Central Europe, Austria/Hungary, Early 1st ML BC

Stunning - in fact one of the most beautiful of the variety seen - a spiral bracelet so well made that it is still flexible after nearly 3000 years of burial. With golden patina that indicates it either was a river find or was elevated in the tomb to avoid direct contact with the soil. 19 spirals in all and certainly once adorning the arm of royalty.