Least Weasel v Stoat

Least Weasel - Mustela nivalis
The least weasel (Mustela nivalis) is the smallest member of the Mustelidae (as well as the smallest of the Carnivora), native to Eurasia, North America and North Africa, though it has been introduced elsewhere. It is classed as Least Concern by the IUCN, due to its wide distribution and presumably large population. Despite its small size, the least weasel is a fierce hunter, capable of killing a rabbit 5-10 times its own weight. The least weasel has a thin, greatly elongated and extremely flexible body with a small, yet elongated, blunt-muzzled head which is no thicker than the neck. The eyes are large, bulging and dark coloured. The legs and tail are relatively short, the latter constituting less than half its body length. The feet are armed with sharp, dark claws, and the soles are heavily haired.[Average body length in males is 130–260 mm, while females average 114–204 mm. The tail measures 12–87 mm in males and 17–60 mm in females. Males weigh 36-250 grams, while females weigh 29.5-117 grams.

Stoat (Short-tailed Weasel) - Mustela erminea
The stoat (Mustela erminea), also known as the ermine or short-tailed weasel, is a species of Mustelid native to Eurasia and North America, distinguished from the least weasel by its larger size and longer tail with a prominent black tip. The dimensions of the stoat are variable, but not to the extent as the least weasel. Unusually among the Carnivora, the size of stoats tends to decrease proportionally with latitude, in contradiction to Bergmann’s Rule. There is pronounced sexual dimorphism in size, with males being 1.5-2.0 times the weight of females. On average, males measure 187–325 mm (7.4–12.8 in) in body length, while females measure 170–270 mm (6.7–11 in). The tail measures 75–120 mm (3.0–4.7 in) in males and 65–106 mm (2.6–4.2 in) in females. In males, the hind foot measures 40.0–48.2 mm (1.57–1.90 in), while in females it is 37.0–47.6 mm (1.46–1.87 in). The height of the ear measures 18.0–23.2 mm (0.71–0.91 in) in males and 14.0–23.3 mm (0.55–0.92 in). The skulls of males measure 39.3–52.2 mm (1.55–2.06 in) in length, while those of females measure 35.7–45.8 mm (1.41–1.80 in). Males weigh 258 grams (9.1 oz), while females weigh less than 180 grams (6.3 oz). As with the least weasel, mouse-like rodents predominate in the stoat’s diet. However, unlike the least weasel which almost exclusively feeds on small voles, the stoat regularly preys on larger rodent and lagomorph species. In Russia, its prey includes rodents such as European water voles, common hamsters, pikas and others, which it overpowers in their burrows. Prey species of secondary importance include small birds, fish and shrews and, more rarely, amphibians, lizards and insects.

Written by Taipan - SOURCE 


Wrinkled Peach Fungus (Rhodotus palmatus)

This uncommon species has a circumboreal distribution, and has been collected in eastern North America, northern Africa, Europe, and Asia; declining populations in Europe have led to its appearance in over half of the European fungal Red Lists of threatened species.

Typically found growing on the stumps and logs of rotting hardwoods, mature specimens may usually be identified by the pinkish color and the distinctive ridged and veined surface of their rubbery caps; variations in the color and quantity of light received during development lead to variations in the size, shape, and cap color of fruit bodies

(read more: Wikipedia)

photographs by Dan Molter/Mushroom Observer

Indo-European languages within their present-day Eurasian homelands


The dotted/striped areas show where multilingualism is common.

I love this map because it shows how odd Hungary, Basque, Estonia and Finland are in Europe. You can also notice the split areas in Moldova, Serbia/Kosovo, Cyprus, Belgium, Lapland, India and the obvious Kurdistan. I noticed that Albanian and Armenian are unique, as well.

On Eurasia

cenosillicaphobiac replied to your post: cenosillicaphobiac asked:Hi medie…

Sorry! As some of the other notes have said, I meant this sort of thing: “Of course. Asia and Europe aren’t even a separate landmass, after all.” (on your Europe tag) -> arbitrary line down the Eurasian continent of ‘other’?

Oh! I just meant political boundaries=/=physical impediment to travel. A lot of people seem to have very strange ideas about that.

Especially when that particular political boundary didn’t exist yet by a good margin. Also, the separation still doesn’t actually exist in many places.

As for “arbitrary”, it doesn’t mean “completely random”. Everything named by humans serves a purpose for humans, in this case presumably Europeans, since they were the ones who decided they were separate.

I can only speak to American ideas about this, after all. In the U.S. the idea that Europe was completely culturally and geographically isolated (and racially isolated) for pretty much the entirety of human history is very popular and widely accepted. It’s also not true.

How this belief can co-exist with The Silk Road also being (fairly) common knowledge, I don’t really understand. And the Crusades. And the Roman Empire. And the Mongolian, Ottoman, and Byzantine Empires. Vikings. Al-Andalus.

So, I explore that.

I mean, this is exactly how it goes: A film or show comes out cast entirely with white people, even though it’s meant for a pretty diverse American audience.

Viewers and fans of color are like, “wow, why isn’t anyone who looks like me on this show, or on TV/in movies, like, ever?”

White fans are like, “how dare you? It’s a European [inspiration/source/book/fairy tale]. Everyone to the last person, every single last human, in Europe was white back then (pretty much no matter when. or where.)”

I’m like, “That doesn’t make any sense if you think about it for two seconds, for about a million reasons (supernatural elements in the source, documented historical precedence, source being 100% fiction, historical facts, et cet).”

White viewers/fans: “I want to shoot you in the head.”

Me: :(

So, anyways, that is the purpose that the boundary between Asia and Europe serves for a lot of white Americans. Who think that ideas like an Asian Robin Hood would be laughable and inaccurate, who throw hissy fits over a biracial man playing Porthos in the Three Musketeers TV show despite the fact that the book was written by a mixed race author, who can’t stand Angel Coulby playing Guinevere or Sinqua Walls playing Lancelot (despite the existence of Sir Morien and several other knights of color in Arthurian canon), who are willing to become actually violent over protecting the ubiquitous whiteness of Disney films like Brave and Frozen, or video games, or really any other piece of fiction.

The supposed isolation of Europe during previous eras is used to perpetrate and excuse violence and racism in America, right now.

It shouldn’t be controversial to point out that Europe and Asia are literally the same landmass:

But in this context, it becomes very relevant, and sadly, controversial. I’m pretty bad with geography, but I’m not that bad.

All I’m actually saying is, “you may notice you can get to Europe by walking there from almost anywhere in Asia.”

And it’s like…it’s understood that there have been Europeans of color who’ve lived there for centuries….

but at the same time, no people of color, ever?

And this isn’t even getting into the whole “people had boats since 5ever” factor. Australia has been populated for 40,000-ish years, after all.

So we come back to the question: What separates Asia and Europe? The answer is, essentially, nothing. Another answer is: human social constructs. Yet another answer is: distance. Another: a political boundary.

But maybe we get a little more mileage out of NEW questions: What purpose does this boundary serve, and whom does it serve? What ideas are attached to it? Why do we care?

As you can see, this doesn’t have a ton to do with people who are Europeans, doing their thing in Europe right now…other than Europeans of color who apparently have had their histories in their nations left out or called “unimportant”.

Like I’ve said, I’m American and I can’t speak for Europeans. I’ve never claimed to, but I find their (your) input quite valuable.

As for “the standard argument” you refer to in your original ask, I honestly am not sure what that’s referring to. This is what I mean when I talk about these things, and some practical examples of why I use these terms the way I do. I hope it helped.

Contrast. Pamukkale, Turkey par Marji Lang
Via Flickr :
Western tourist and a Muslim woman in black burqa walking up and down through the travertines of calcium carbonate in Pamukkale, Aegean, Turkey.

Old World metals traded on Alaska coast hundreds of years before contact with Europeans

PURDUE UNIVERSITY—WEST LAFAYETTE, Ind.—Two leaded bronze artifacts found in northwestern Alaska are the first evidence that metal from Asia reached prehistoric North America prior to contact with Europeans, according to new Purdue University research.

“This is not a surprise based on oral history and other archaeological finds, and it was just a matter of time before we had a good example of Eurasian metal that had been traded,” said H. Kory Cooper, an associate professor of anthropology, who led the artifacts’ metallurgical analysis. “We believe these smelted alloys were made somewhere in Eurasia and traded to Siberia and then traded across the Bering Strait to ancestral Inuits people, also known as Thule culture, in Alaska. Read more.

“Blue Shieldbug” (Zicrona caerulea)

…a species of stinkbug (Pentatomidae) which is widely distirbuted throughout Europe and Asia, it has also found its way into North America as well. Blue shieldbugs typically inhabit grasslands, forest edges, other areas with low vegetation. Unlike most stinkbug species Z. caerulea is a predator with both adults and nymphs feeding on  leaf beetles of the genus Altica. As well as other beetles and lepidopterans. 


Animalia-Arthropoda-Insecta-Hemiptera-Pentatomidae-Zicrona-Z. caerulea

Image: ©entomart