Molecule of the Day: Diethyl ether

Diethyl ether (C4H10O), also known as ethoxyethane, is a colourless, volatile liquid with a sweet, pungent smell at room temperature and pressure.

It is a commonly used polar aprotic organic solvent used in laboratories, and has low solubility in water. Therefore, it can be used in liquid-liquid solute extractions in conjunction with water.

Diethyl ether was also historically used as an anaesthetic - it was first used as such in the 19th century, and gradually replaced chloroform as an anaesthetic due to its lower toxicity. However, in recent years, its use has been largely supplanted due to its flammability and side effects such as vomiting and nausea.

Diethyl ether can be produced by the acid-catalysed condensation reaction of two ethanol molecules, which is how it is produced industrially as a by-product of acid-catalysed hydration of ethylene to produce ethanol:

Alternatively, it can be synthesised using the Williamson ether synthesis, in which an ethoxide salt is reacted with an ethyl halide to produce diethyl ether via an SN2 reaction:

While diethyl ether has a low toxicity, it has a tendency to react with oxygen in the air to produce highly shock- and heat-sensitive explosive peroxides, which is why old bottles of diethyl ether should be disposed of carefully as they may detonate.

Amazing, but True Facts

From my friend Lei:

“Amazing but true facts:

The symptoms of mercury poisoning are NOT ANYTHING remotely like autism. WOW.

There has NEVER been mercury in the MMR vaccine. AMAZE!

These people are not doctors or scientists or medical professionals:
Robert Kennedy
Jenny McCarthy
Robert DeNiro
Our Orangest President
The guy who played the "makin’ copies” guy on SNL
Andrew Wakefield is not even a doctor anymore because he’s an unethical lying liar pants who had his license revoked!. ASTONISHING!

Science is real, everybody.“

I want to add a bit about the whole mercury scare. I ask that you look up the difference between ethyl-mercury and methyl-mercury. These are two organic mercury compounds. One is dangerous, one is not. The dangerous one (methyl-mercury) is not put in vaccines, but that is the one people tend to think about when they hear the word "mercury”. Also, thiomersal (which contains ethyl-mercury as a preservative) has been almost completely eliminated from vaccines, with children’s flu vaccine being a notable exception; other preservatives are used instead.

As Lei stated, “Science is real, everybody!”

My personal LGBT+ Headcanons for Riverdale

•Archie is bi with a preference for women

•Betty is bi (but hasn’t come to terms w/ it yet cause compulsive heterosexuality)

•Veronica is lesbian

•Jughead is a demiromantic asexual

•Cheryl is super gay. Like the gayest girl.

•Josie is queer

•Valerie is a transwoman

•Dilton Dolie is a transman

•Ethyl is a homoromantic gray-asexual

•Bughead will kind of develop into a queer platonic relationship as they both start coming to terms with their sexuality

•Cheryl and Josie used to have a thing, but ended things amicably when it became clear that their passions were more important than their relationship (they still are pretty good friends as seen in the show)

•Cheryl now has a thing for Veronica. Veronica is oblivious.

•Veronica has a small crush on Betty. Betty is oblivious.

•Betty also has feelings for Veronica? But believes them to just be really strong platonic feelings cause Compulsive Heterosexuality

• Not a headcanon: I googled it to see if our canon gay character’s boyfriend is coming back and Joaquin is credited in 5 episodes according to IMDB bless the gods we get a lil gay forbidden love