The Bank of Canada has announced the short list of 12 iconic Canadian women who could be featured on the first in a new series of bank notes expected in 2018.
The finalists include artist and writer Emily Carr, Inuit artist Pitseolak Ashoona, and feminist and political activist Nellie McClung. The list reflects women from several occupational fields and periods of history.
The independent advisory council took online submissions from the public following an announcement on International Womens’ Day in March by Prime Minister Justin Trudeau that it was time Canadian women appeared on our bank notes.
The submission process ended April 15 2016, and the advisory council received more than 26,000 submissions from the public from which they drew up the short list.
The short list in alphabetical order:
Pitseolak Ashoona (c. 1904-1983): An Inuit artist with an international reputation. She is recognized for establishing a modern Inuit art form that incorporated traditional knowledge.
Emily Carr (1871-1945): A famous artist and writer noted for her landscapes of the Pacific coast.
Thérèse Casgrain (1896-1981): An activist and politician who led the women’s suffrage movement in Quebec and became the first female leader of a political party.
Viola Desmond (1914-1965): A black businesswoman from Nova Scotia who famously challenged racial segregation at a film theatre in her home province.
Lotta Hitschmanova (1909-1990): A Canadian humanitarian who helped to found the Unitarian Service Committee of Canada which helped to send aid to Europe during the war.
E. Pauline Johnson (1861-1913): A poet and writer whose performances reflect both English and Mohawk traditions and who is recognized as helping to shape Canadian literature.
Elizabeth (Elsie) MacGill (1905-1980): The world’s first female aircraft designer. She worked as an aeronautical engineer during the Second World War.
Nellie McClung (1873-1951): A political activist, teacher, social reformer and politician . She was a leader of the womens’ suffrage movement and one of the famous five women who petitioned Britain to have Canadian women declared to be “persons.”
Lucy Maud Montgomery (1874-1942): Canadian author best known as the author of Anne of Green Gables.
Fanny (Bobbie) Rosenfeld (1905-1969): An Olympian who won gold and silver at the 1928 summer Olympics.
Gabrielle Roy (1909-1983): French Canadian author famous for The Tin Flute.
Idola Saint-Jean (1880-1945): A Quebec journalist, educator and feminist.
Last day of The Show (my grad show) yesterday. I was having a little fun with King! Gonna miss seeing this big guy stretched out on the wall like this instead of all rolled up in a tube…brining him home tomorrow.
Photo inspired by Élan and other people’s fun pictures with King of Panthera! Thank you guys :) it was super satisfying to see how people react, engage and interact with my piece.
Also spelled “Dzunukwa” or “Tsonokwa” is a giantess in the mythology of Kwakwaka'wakw peoples, who live in the Pacific Northwest, mainly on the BC coast, Northern Vancouver Island, and the Queen Charlotte Sound.
D'Sonoqua was seen as a bringer of wealth worthy of respect and veneration, but also had a dark side, and was known to stuff children into her basket, to be carried away to her caves and eaten. She has a terrifying call, a “Hu!” or “Oo-oo-oo-oeo!”, which can be easily mistaken for the sound of the wind rustling through the cedar trees. The renown of her voice is such that images of her nearly always show pursed red lips, eternally calling out.
The above image of D'Sonoqua is by Emily Carr, that great artist of my home, Vancouver Island. She was a tremendous admirer of First Peoples’ art, and a ferocious critic of the missionaries and politicians who sought to displace our elder brothers and sisters on this continent.