Eastern-orthodox-Christianity

10

people should not consider anything posted by FuckYeahMarxismLeninism to be reputable sources because whoever runs that blog has shown that they have no standards of reputability with the articles they post.
pictured above: i searched “yugoslavia” on their blog to once again see the articles that they posted that support conspiracy theories about the non-complicity of Slobodan Milosevic in the Bosnian Genocide and furthermore repeatedly implying that the Bosnian Genocide was in fact non-existent.
And then there’s that idea that Milosevic was assassinated by NATO while on trial for war crimes? Totally baseless.

Furthermore they posted articles in support of Serbian Nationalist expansion and annexation of Kosovo, and outright claiming that Serbian ethnic cleansing of Kosovars simply did not occur.

For anyone not aware: Bosniaks are a predominantly muslim ethno-religious group. Kosovars are a predominantly muslim ethno-religious group. Both Kosovo and Bosnia have suffered ethnic cleansing at the hands of Serbs (an Eastern Orthodox Christian ethno-religious group) perpetrated by Serbian Nationalists in government and military power, in collaboration with Serbian Nationalist civilians-turned-vigilante militias throughout the Balkan wars.

There is nothing Marxist or Communist about this horribly unethical support for genocide, support for Serb ethnic nationalism, and deliberate obfuscation of the facts. I implore everyone to exercise healthy skepticism and to investigate whether sources are reputable in all cases, but particularly so for people who have posted completely counterfactual articles.

Palestinian Arabic Orthodox Christian Prayer - Psalm 136 صلوات مسيحية أرثوذكسية - احمدوا الرب
Palestinian Arabic Orthodox Christian Prayer - Psalm 136 صلوات مسيحية أرثوذكسية - احمدوا الرب

Village women gather to kiss the cross during an outdoor religious celebration on the holiday of Spas. 

Location: Pohulianka, Ukraine

Photographer: Carolyn Drake, 2006

(New) Index of Religions

Okay, this is a NEW post showing the complete list of everything I have included on this blog so far. Additions, editions, and new content will be listed on this page.

Abrahamic Religions:

  1. Judaism
    -Orthodox (Yeshivah, Hasidic/Haredim, Breslov, Chabad)
    -Conservative
    -Reform
    -Reconstructionist
    -Humanistic
    -Kabbalah (Mysticism)
    -Karaism (Lithuanian)
    -Shabbetaianism
    -Misc.: Abayudaya, Afghani, Amazigh, Ashkenazi, Bebe, Bukharian, Bulgarian, Cochin, Eritrean, Ethiopian, Igbo, Iranian, Iraqi, Japanese, Kaifeng, Libyan, Moroccan, Sephardi, Tunisian, Yemeni
  2. Christianity
    -Eastern Orthodox (Armenian, Coptic, Ethiopian, Eritrean, Greek, Oriental, Romanian, Russian, Serbian)
    -Catholicism (Ambrosian, Chaldean, Chinese, Coptic, Croatian, Ge’ez, Greek, Japanese, Korean, Latin, Maronite, Melkite, Syro-Malabar; Nueva Jerusalen “cult”)
    -Protestantism (Amish, Anglican, Christadelphian, Disciples of Christ, Episcopalian, Holy Ghost People, Hutterite, Lutheran, Mennonite, Moravian, Pentecostal)
    -Adamites
    -Bardaisanites
    -Brethren of the Free Spirit
    -Christadelphianism
    -Christopaganism
    -Christian Science
    -Ebionites
    -Jehovah’s Witnesses
    -Millerites
    -Mormonism (Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints)
    -Nestorianism
    -Quakers (Religious Society of Friends)
  3. Islam
    -Sunni (Hanabali, Hanafi, Maliki, Shafai’i)
    -Shi’a (Alawites, Alevism, Ismaili, Twelver, Zaidi)
    -Ahmadi Muslims
    -Ibadi Muslims
    -Khajirite
    -Moorish Science Temple of America
    -Mourid
    -Quranist
    -Sufism (Mysticism- Bosnian, Chinese, Cuban, Japanese, Macedonian, Mexican)
    -Wahhabism 
  4. Druze
  5. Babism
  6. Baha’i
  7. Samaritanism
  8. Marian Religions: Collyridianism, Ebionism, Helvidianism, Nestorianism, Valentinianism

Dharmic/Indian Religions:

  1. Hinduism
    -Shaivism
    -Vaishnavism (ISKCON)
    -Shaktism
    -ISKCON (Hare Krishna)
    -Samkhya
    -Mimamsa
    -Misc.: Bali, Cham (Vietnam), South Africa, Thailand
  2. Buddhism
    -Mahayana (Huayan School, Nyingma School, Pure Land, Sakya School, Tibetan Buddhism, True Buddha School)
    -Theravada
    -Vajrayana (Tantra, Tibetan)
    -Zen/Chan (Chinese, Japanese)
    -Falun Dafa/Falun Gong “cult”
  3. Jainism
    -Digambara
    -Svetambara
  4. Sikhi (Sikhism)
    -Akhand Kirtani Jatha
    -Brahm Bunga Trust
    -Dam Dami Taksal
    -Gurdwara Tapoban Ontario
    -Happy Healthy Holy
    -International Institute of Gurmat Studies
    -Kes Dhari
    -Namdhari
    -Neeldhari Panth
    -Nihang Akali
    -Nirankari
    -Nirmala
    -Radha Soami
    -Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee
    -Sikh Dharma International
    -Sindhi
    -Udasi
  5. Mahima Dharma

African/African Diaspora Spiritual Traditions & People:

  1. Akan (West African- Ghana & Ivory Coast)
  2. Ancient Egyptian
  3. Atenism (Ancient Egyptian monotheism)
  4. Berber (Moroccan- Amazigh)
  5. Bori (Nigerian)
  6. Bororo (Cameroon)
  7. Candomble (Brazilian- diaspora)
  8. Galla (Ethiopian)
  9. Hoodoo
  10. Kemeticism (Egyptian revivalist)
  11. Moorish Science Temple of America
  12. Obeah (Caribbean- diaspora)
  13. Quimbanda (diaspora)
  14. Rastafarianism (Jamaican)
  15. Santeria (Cuban- diaspora)
  16. Suri (Ethiopian)
  17. Tuareg
  18. Umbanda (Brazilian- diaspora)
  19. Voodoo/Vodoun (Haitian, Benin)
  20. Yoruba (Nigerian)
  21. Misc.: Efe, Ibibi, Luba, Yaka, Zulu

Asian Religions & People:

  1. Bon Po (Indigenous Tibetan religion)
  2. Caodaism (Vietnamese)
  3. Chinese Popular(Folk) Religion
  4. Confucianism (Chinese, Korean)
  5. Dao Mau (Vietnamese)
  6. Hmong (China, Laos, Vietnam)
  7. Ifugao (Philippines)
  8. Juche (North Korean ideology/”cult”)
  9. Kejawen (Javanese)
  10. Muism (Korean)
  11. Onmyodo (Japanese)
  12. Phillipines: Indigenous
  13. Ryukyuan (Okinawan)
  14. Sanshin (Korean)
  15. Sarnaism (Indian)
  16. Shinto (Japanese)
    -Jinja
    -Konkokyo
  17. Shugendo (Japanese indigenous- syncretic)
  18. Tana Toraja (Indonesian)
  19. Taoism/Daoism
    -Wu Wei
  20. Tengriism
  21. Vedic Religion (ancient Indian)
  22. Vietnamese Folk Religion
  23. Wuism (Chinese)
  24. Yakut (Siberian)
  25. Yiguandao (Chinese)

Australian Cultures & People:

  1. Australian Aboriginal
  2. Yolngu

European Religions, Mythology, & People:

  1. Arthurian mythology
  2. Asatru (Nordic)
  3. Baltic mythology
  4. Celtic mythology (Irish, Scottish, Welsh)
  5. Church of the Last Testament (Russian cult)
  6. Damanhur “cult”
  7. Dievturiba (Latvian)
  8. Druidism (Neo-druidry)
  9. Etseg Din
  10. Finnish mythology
  11. Greek mythology
  12. Hellenism (ancient and revivalist Greek & Roman religions)
  13. Icelandic
  14. Kukeri (Bulgarian)
  15. Mari (Russian)
  16. Minoan (ancient Crete)
  17. Mithraism (ancient Roman cult)
  18. Norse mythology (Nordic)
  19. Religio romana (Roman religion/paganism)
  20. Rodnovery (Slavic: Russian, Ukrainian, Polish)
  21. Roman mythology
  22. Romani
  23. Romuva (Lithuanian)
  24. Sami (Indigenous: Scandinavia, Russia)
  25. Sicilian Folk Religion
  26. Stregheria (Italian witchcraft)

Mesoamerican Religions & People:

  1. Aztec
  2. Curanderismo
  3. Huichol
  4. Maya
  5. Mexican Folk Religion
    -Narco
    -Santa Muerte
  6. Nahuatl (Aztec, etc.)
  7. Zapotec

Middle Eastern Religions & People:

  1. Ashurism (ancient Sumerian)
  2. Babylonian mythology
  3. Canaanite mythology
  4. Collyridianism (pre-Islamic Arabia)
  5. Ebionism (heretical early Christian movement)
  6. Etseg Din (eastern Iranian folk)
  7. Kalash
  8. Mandaeism
  9. Manichaeism (ancient Gnostic Persian religion)
  10. Mesopotamian mythology
  11. Pre-Islamic polytheism (ancient Arabian paganism; Wathanism)
  12. Ugaritic (ancient Syria)
  13. Valentinianism (heretical Gnostic)
  14. Wathanism (ancient Arabian paganism)
  15. Yazdanism (Kurdish: Yarsanism)
    -Yezidi/Yazidi (people)
  16. Zoroastrianism (Persian & Parsi)

North American People & Cultures:

  1. Aleut
  2. Apache
  3. Cahuilla
  4. Cherokee
  5. Chumash
  6. Comanche
  7. Dakota
  8. Haida
  9. Hopi
  10. Inuit
  11. Iroquois
  12. Kiowa
  13. Lakota
  14. Maricopa
  15. Midewiwin
  16. Mohawk
  17. Native American Church
  18. Navajo
  19. Nez Perce
  20. Ojibwe
  21. Peyote
  22. Pueblo
  23. Seminole
  24. Sioux (Dakota, Lakota, Nakota)
  25. Ute
  26. Yup’ik (Alaskan)

South American Religions & People:

  1. Incan
  2. Kyikateje-gaviao (Brazilian)
  3. Mapuche (Chile & Argentina)
  4. Munduruku (Brazilian)
  5. Q’ero (Peru)
  6. Quyllurit’i (Peru)
  7. Santo Daime
  8. Yanomamo (Venezuela) 
  9. Misc.: Candomble, Santeria, Umbanda

Polynesian Religions & People:

  1. Hawaii’an
  2. Maori (New Zealand)
  3. Polynesian mythology (Maori)

Others:

  1. Agnosticism
  2. Astrology
  3. Atheism
  4. Christopaganism
  5. Dadaji
  6. Deanism/Filianism
  7. Discordianism
  8. Eckankar
  9. Elevationism/ International Church of Cannabis
  10. Folk Religion: China, Congo, Hungary, Iran, Italy, Japan, Korean, Kyrgyzstan, Lakota, Laos, Mexico, Ossetia, Poland, Russia, Serbia, Seto, Sicily, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Thaliand, Ukraine, Vietnam
  11. Freemasonry
  12. Gnosticism
  13. Humanism
  14. Luciferianism
  15. Magic
  16. Mysticism
  17. Omnism
  18. Paganism (Neo paganism)
  19. Philosophy
  20. Rosicrucianism
  21. Satanism
    -Demonolators
    -Devil Worship
    -Duotheism
    -Laveyan
    -Luciferianism
    -Theistic Satanism
  22. Shamanism
  23. Thelema
  24. UFO Religions: Aetherius Society, Church of the SubGenius, Heaven’s Gate, Nuwaubian, Raelism, Scientology
  25. Unitarian Universalism
  26. Wicca
  27. Witchcraft


If you see anything missing that you’d like added to the blog, please let me know! I’m constantly trying to find new content for this blog; this is my passion <3

@languageoclock since you didn’t respond to my other messages, I am going to try and reach you this way. 

Old Church Slavonic is a language with incredibly close ties to the Eastern Orthodox church, which, as you probably know, is the largely dominant church in Eastern Europe. This meme you made may be just a harmless little joke to you, but it has been pushed way too far and is at this point a direct insult to the religion and culture of literally millions of people. 

You say you don’t see us being made fun of which I find very hard to believe. Just turn to pop culture! I can name many movies/tv shows/books in which the villain is a cruel and downright barbaric ‚‚Russian gangster’’ with that stereotypical thick accent, and while you didn’t intend it, the OCS meme does the same thing the media does: dehumanizes Eastern European religion and culture and makes the already very present hate for us grow stronger.

While I am happy to hear more people are interested in slavic languages thanks to the meme, that is not an excuse to continue this. As a person living in a Slavic and EE country and a moderately religious Eastern Orthodox Christian, I am politely asking you to stop making jokes about the language used in my religion. That is all.

p.s. you’re still wrong i fucking love memes, just not the offensive kind :)

When the Lord strikes you with sore affliction or sickness, or misfortune, then be assured that He will also truly send you consolation, and will afterwards bestow upon you the grace of peace, strength, and joy corresponding to your previous sufferings. For ‘the Lord is full of compassion and mercy, long-suffering, and of great goodness. He will not alway be chiding; neither keepeth He his anger forever. He hath not dealt with us after our sins; nor rewarded us according to our wickednesses.
—  St. John of Kronstadt
Index of Religions

After a couple of hours, the list of every religion/tradition on this blog has been edited and reorganized alphabetically and geographically (excluding Abrahamic & Dharmic religions). If you have any corrections or would like to see a tradition that is not listed here, please feel free to ask! (And if it’s a correction, please be polite.)

The official blog page can be found here!

Abrahamic Religions:

  • Judaism
    -Orthodox (Hasidic)
    -Conservative
    -Reformed
    -Reconstructionist
    -Kabbalah (Mysticism)
    -{Abayudaya, Afghani, Amazigh, Ashkenazi, Bukharian, Cochin, Eritrean, Ethiopian, Igbo, Iranian, Iraqi, Japanese, Kaifeng, Moroccan, Sephardi, Tunisian, Yemeni}

  • Christianity
    -Eastern Orthodox (Ethiopian, Eritrean, Russian, Romanian, Greek, Coptic, Oriental)
    -Catholicism (Ambrosian, Armenian, Chaldean, Chinese, Coptic, Ge'ez, Greek, Japanese, Korean, Latin, Maronite, Melkite, Syro-Malabar; Nueva Jerusalen “cult”)
    -Protestantism
    -Nestorianism
    -Jehovah’s Witnesses
    -Mormonism (Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints)
    -Quakers (Religious Society of Friends)

  • Islam
    -Sunni {Hanabali, Hanafi, Maliki, Shafai'i}
    -Shi'a {Alawites, Alevism, Ismaili, Twelver, Zaidi Muslims}
    -Ibadi Muslims
    -Ahmadi Muslims
    -{Sufism; Chinese, Mexican}

  • Druze
  • Babism
  • Baha'i
  • Samaritanism

Dharmic/Indian Religions:

  • Hinduism
    -Shaivism
    -Vaishnavism
    -Shaktism
    -ISCKON (Hare Krishna)

  • Buddhism
    -Mahayana
    -Theravada
    -Vajrayana (Tibetan Buddhism)
    -Zen (Chinese, Japanese)

  • Jainism
    -Digambara
    -Svetambara

  • Sikhism

African/African diaspora traditions (Spirit Religions):

  • Ancient Egyptian
  • Atenism (Ancient Egyptian monotheism)
  • Candomble (Brazilian- diaspora)
  • Hoodoo
  • Kemeticism (Egyptian revivalist)
  • Rastafarianism (Jamaican)
  • Santeria (Cuban- diaspora)
  • Umbanda (Brazilian- diaspora)
  • Voodoo(Vodoun) (Haitian, Benin)
  • Yoruba (Nigerian)
  • {Ibibi, Luba, Zulu}

Asian Religions:

  • Bon Po (Indigenous Tibetan religion)
  • Caodaism (Vietnamese)
  • Chinese Popular (Folk) Religion
  • Confucianism (Chinese)
  • Phillipines: Indigenous  
  • Sanshin (Korean)
  • Sarnaism (Indian)
  • Shinto (Japanese)
  • Taoism (Wu Wei)
  • Tengriism
  • Vedic Religion (ancient Indian)
  • Vietnamese Folk Religion
  • Wuism (Chinese)
  • Yiguandao (Chinese)

Australian (People):

  • Aborigine Australians

European Religions, Mythology, & People:

  • Arthurian mythology
  • Asatru (Nordic)
  • Baltic mythology
  • Celtic mythology (Irish, Scottish, Welsh)
  • Church of the Last Testament (Russian cult)
  • Druidism (Neo-druidry)
  • Finnish mythology
  • Hellenism (Ancient & revivalist Greek & Roman religions)
  • Icelandic mythology
  • Mari (Russian indigenous)
  • Minoan (ancient Crete)
  • Mithraism (ancient Roman cult)
  • Norse mythology (Nordic)
  • Rodnovery (Slavic: Russian, Ukrainian, Polish)
  • Roman mythology
  • Romani

North American (People & Cultures):

  • Aleut
  • Apache
  • Cherokee
  • Comanche
  • Hopi
  • Inuit
  • Iroquois
  • Kiowa
  • Lakota
  • Mohawk
  • Native American Church
  • Navajo
  • Ojibwe
  • Peyote
  • Pueblo
  • Seminole
  • Sioux
  • Ute

South/Latin American Religions:

  • Aztec mythology
  • Incan mythology
  • Mayan mythology
  • Santo Daime

Middle Eastern Religions & People:

  • Ashurism (ancient Sumerian)
  • Babylonian mythology
  • Canaanite mythology
  • Kalash
  • Mandaeism
  • Manichaeism (ancient Gnostic Persian religion)
  • Ugaritic (ancient Syria)
  • Yazdanism (Kurdish: Yarsanism)
  • Yezidi/Yazidi (religion/culture)
  • Zoroastrianism (Persian & Parsi [India])

Polynesian Religions & People:

  • Hawaii'an
  • New Zealand
  • Phillipines
  • Polynesian mythology

Others:

  • Atheism
  • Gnosticism
  • Humanism
  • Luciferianism
  • Paganism (Neo paganism)
  • Satanism
  • Shamanism
  • Unitarian Universalist
  • Wicca
2

Saint Mark’s Coptic Orthodox Church - Cairo, Egypt

The church is located on Cleopatra Street in the Heliopolis district of Cairo

I finally get it. 

I finally get what we mean when we say that salvation, is a process: It’s not salvation from Hell. It’s not as if we start our journey on a trajectory that leads to Hell, and God slowly moves us off that trajectory. That’s a Western notion, born of the doctrine of “Original Sin”, which we reject. 

Salvation is healing. We’re being healed—being saved—from the Devil, from our passions, from the things that make union with God painful and impossible. Our trajectory is to be one with God, just as Christ is one with God. Salvation is preparation for that union.

When we say, “Lord, have mercy!” we’re saying, as the blind man, “Lord, heal me!”

(Above image is from the Orthodox Study Bible, electronic version.)

anonymous asked:

Why do Eastern Orthodox Christians face to the east? Did they adopt that from the muslims when they were conquered?

No, Muslims took it from us and, again, changed it. Eastern Christians were around for 600 years before Muhammad got his “visions.” At the time he began conquering people, he was regarded as having run into an heretical Christian monk and then altered the heresy further. Most of practices he took from us. 

It used to be that all Christians worshiped facing East. Christ is the Light of the world (John 8:12), and is described as coming from the East (Matthew 24:27). There are other verses which reference the East. The East represents Christ and Truth while the West represents sin and death. Thus we worship facing East, and are (when possible) buried facing East and in our homes we try to pray facing East. Its a symbol of our turning to Christ and our expectation of His return. It used to be that all Christians worshiped facing East and favored the East Liturgically, but that has been lost in the Western Christian churches. 

Don’t despair

Do not say: “I have sinned much, and therefore I am not bold enough to fall down before God.” Do not despair. Simply do not increase your sins in despair and, with the help of the All-merciful One, you will not be put to shame. For He said, “he who comes to Me I will not cast out.” (John. 6:37)

- St. Gennadius of Constantinople

Brethren, when I was young I believed in a falsehood: ‘Let me commit sins now, and when I get old I’ll do good and I’ll be saved.’
Now I have grown old, but my sins have spring roots and I can’t do any good. So you be careful not to suffer the same fate, but now that you have the time, do good works to be saved.
—  Hieromartyr Kosmas the Aitolian ‘Apostle of the Poor’
3

Christians commemorate on March 9th the Forty Martyrs of Sebaste, or the Holy Forty, (a group of Roman soldiers from the Legio XII Fulminata - Armed with Lightning - whose martyrdom, in 320, for the Christian faith is recounted in traditional martyrologies).

They were killed near the city of Sebaste (present-day Sivas in Turkey), in Lesser Armenia, victims of the persecutions of Licinius, who after 316, persecuted the Christians of the East

The earliest account of their existence and martyrdom is given by Bishop Basil of Caesarea (370–379). According to Basil, forty soldiers who had openly confessed themselves Christians were condemned by the prefect to be exposed naked upon a frozen pond near Sebaste on a bitterly cold night, that they might freeze to death

Among the confessors, one yielded and, leaving his companions, sought the warm baths near the lake which had been prepared for any who might prove inconstant. 

One of the guards set to keep watch over the martyrs beheld at that moment a supernatural brilliancy overshadowing them, and, at once proclaimed himself a Christian, threw off his garments, and joined the remaining thirty-nine. Thus the number of forty remained complete. 

At daybreak, the stiffened bodies of the confessors, which still showed signs of life, were burned and the ashes cast into a river. Christians, however, collected the remains, and the relics were distributed throughout many cities; in this way, veneration of the Forty Martyrs became widespread, and numerous churches were built in their honour.

In Romania, for this day, which coincides, as well, with the start of the agricultural year, a special sweet dish is prepared, called Mucenici (Martyrs), or Sfinţişori (Saints), depending on the region. 

In Muntenia and Dobrogea (regions of Romania), small circles of dough are boiled in water with sugar, cinnamon and crushed nuts, symbolizing the lake where the Martyrs were cast.

In Moldavia region, the dough, in a large shape of the figure 8 is baked, then smeared with honey and walnuts.

Archangel Michael’s Coptic Orthodox Cathedral - Aswan, Egypt