Papaver orientale is in the family Papaveraceae. Commonly known as oriental poppy, it is native to eastern Europe and western Asia, from Turkey to Iran. The oriental poppy is arguably the most cultivated species of poppy in the world. European breeders began developing new varieties in the 18th and 19th centuries, and now there are hundreds of different cultivars available on the market that range in color from white to deep red. This herbaceous perennial grows best in full sun and blooms during the late spring and early summer. After this species has finished blooming, the foliage dies back and the plant becomes dormant until the next flowering season.