Donbass rebels’ Commander “Givi” was assassinated this morning.
“In my battalion all fighters see the current conflict as a continuation of the war against the fascists of 1941-45. My granddad went through that war from Brest to Berlin; another one was severely wounded near Rostov. I will never let their names be dragged through the mud”, he said about his motivation.
He was loved by the rebels as a charismatic commander and strongly hated by Ukrainian soldiers for numerous humiliations of the Ukrainian nationalists.
UKRAINE. Donetsk region. January 20, 2015. Mourners gather around a coffin bearing Artiam, 4, who was killed in a Ukrainian army artillery strike, during his funeral in Kuivisevsky district on the outskirts of Donetsk.
From a little on going series made on the road in (mainly) east Ukraine. Because I almost never have money for drivers I spend a lot of time on busses which are cheap, slow, freezing cold and uncomfortable, and to overcome this I like to take pictures of the world going by. I did this for years, from trains, taxis or buses, mainly for myself to help me find locations later via Google Earth etc, but it became a bit of an obsession. Every window is either tinted, frozen, steamed up or dirty giving a soft painterly effect and strange colours. They are a collection of random, everyday moments inside a ‘conflict zone’. I like them because they are ‘bad’ pictures. They are not pretty - there is almost no control over composition, light, angle etc, but I feel like these fleeting moments reveal something about the time and place they were made. I have hundreds of these…
Donetsk marks the 99th anniversary of the Donetsk–Krivoy Rog Soviet Republic, February 12, 2017.
After the Russian Maidan which happened in February, 1917, some new state formations have been established at the area of the perished Russian Empire, including the Donetsk–Krivoy Rog Soviet Republic.
The Republic was a self-declared republic of Soviet Russia founded on 12 February 1918. The republic claimed self-determined territories in treaties of Brest-Litovsk; it was founded three days after the government of Ukraine signed the treaty with Germans, which recognized the borders of Ukrainian People’s Republic, within which the Donetsk-Krivoy Rog Soviet Republic was located. On 29 March 1918 it became a republic within Ukrainian Soviet Republic, where it was merged with Ukrainian People’s Republic of Soviets (capital in Kharkov, founded December 25, 1917) and Odessa Soviet Republic (founded on March 1st, 1918), until the last was fully occupied by the German forces according to treaties of Brest-Litovsk.
The Donetsk–Krivoy Rog Soviet Republic claimed the territories south of the neighbouring Ukrainian People’s Republic, which included the Donbass, Kharkov, Yekaterinoslav (Dnepropetrovsk), and part of the Kherson Governorates. In the beginning, the republic’s capital was the city of Kharkov, but later with the retreat of the Red Guard it was moved to Lugansk.
The Republic was disbanded at the 2nd All-Ukrainian Congress of Soviets on 20 March 1918 when the independence of Soviet Ukraine was announced. It failed to achieve recognition, either internationally or by the Russian SFSR and in accordance with the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk was abolished.
The legacy of the Donetsk–Krivoy Rog Soviet Republic was revived after the Ukrainian Maidan in 2014. On the 5th February 2015, the legislature of the Donetsk People’s Republic adopted a memorandum declaring the DPR to be the legal successor to the Donetsk–Krivoy Rog Soviet Republic, with Artem as its founding father.