Defense-Law

I’ve been doing the research thing the past week or so. Like always, read critically. This is just a list of things I’ve skimmed over and will probably going into further depth with later:

news.yahoo.com
Egyptian judge cuts short mass Islamist trial over 'disruptive' lawyers: source


A mass trial of members of the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood began in Egypt on Saturday, but proceedings were abruptly cut short by the judge who said defense lawyers were being disruptive and “discussing politics”, a judicial source told Reuters. Judge Saeed Youssef Mohamed would announce his ruling on Monday and requested the lawyers of the 545 defendants to submit their written defense within 24 hours, the source said, declining to be identified. The charges against the group, on trial in the province of Southern Minya, include storming a police station, attacking persons and damaging public and private property. Most were arrested during clashes which erupted in Minya after the forced dispersal of two Muslim Brotherhood protest camps in Cairo on August 14.
Source: Reuters
washingtontimes.com
New Pentagon manual declares journalists can be enemy combatants
The Pentagon’s new thick book of instructions for waging war the legal way says that terrorists also can be journalists.
By The Washington Times http://www.washingtontimes.com

The description appears in a 1,176-page, richly footnoted “Department of Defense Law of War Manual” that tells commanders the right and wrong way to kill the enemy. It says it’s OK to shoot, explode, bomb, stab or cut the enemy. Surprise attacks and killing retreating troops also are permitted. But a U.S. warrior may not use poison or asphyxiating gases.

Going back decades, this is the Pentagon’s first comprehensive, all-in-one legal guide for the four military branches, who over the years had issued their own law of war pamphlets for air, sea and ground warfare.

The manual pushes aside the George W. Bush-era label of “unlawful enemy combatant” for al Qaeda and the like. The new term of choice: “unprivileged belligerent.”

An eye-catching section deals with a definition of journalists and how they are expected to stay out of the fight.

The manual defines them this way: “In general, journalists are civilians. However, journalists may be members of the armed forces, persons authorized to accompany the armed forces, or unprivileged belligerents.”

news.yahoo.com
Egyptian judge cuts short mass Islamist trial over 'disruptive' lawyers: source


A mass trial of members of the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood began in Egypt on Saturday, but proceedings were abruptly cut short by the judge who said defense lawyers were being disruptive and “discussing politics”, a judicial source told Reuters. Judge Saeed Youssef Mohamed would announce his ruling on Monday and requested the lawyers of the 545 defendants to submit their written defense within 24 hours, the source said, declining to be identified. The charges against the group, on trial in the province of Southern Minya, include storming a police station, attacking persons and damaging public and private property. Most were arrested during clashes which erupted in Minya after the forced dispersal of two Muslim Brotherhood protest camps in Cairo on August 14.
Source: Reuters
youtube
‘3½ Minutes, 10 Bullets’ Returns the Focus to the Family of Jordan Davis

3½ Minutes, 10 Bullets is a documentary laden with the weight of grief. It chronicles the aftermath of the killing of 17-year-old Jordan Davis at a gas station in Jacksonville, Florida, the subsequent trial, the danger and subjectivity of Stand Your Ground self-defense laws and most importantly, the impact of his death on his parents. Director Marc Silver lays plain the cruelty of when the personal explodes into the political.

On the night after Thanksgiving 2012, an altercation erupted between Jordan Davis, three of his friends – all young and black – and a middle-aged white man, Michael Dunn, over the volume of music emanating from their neighboring parked car. Dunn objected to the blaring of their “thug music” as he waited for his fiancé to return to the vehicle. After momentarily complying and lowering the music, Jordan uttered, “Fuck that. Turn that shit up.” Three and a half minutes later, Dunn removed a pistol from his glove compartment and fired 10 shots at the teenaged boys’ red SUV.

Jordan Davis was dead.

Arrested the next day, Dunn claimed he shot in self-defense.

With the aim of piecing together the events of that night, 3½ Minutes, 10 Bullets utilizes remarkable access to courtroom proceedings, taped prison phone calls, police interrogation footage and interviews with Jordan’s parents, Ron Davis and Lucia McBath. We journey with them through heartbreak and burgeoning activism as they grapple with the loss of their son and unraveling the truths of what it means to be young, black and male in America. It is they who suffer the personal tolls of the fear of blackness and the inhumanity of searching for justice within the U.S. legal system. Rightful focus, often omitted in the frenzy and static of the 24-hour news cycle, is returned back to the Davis family.

This documentary is gut-wrenching, infuriating and necessary.

3½ Minutes, 10 Bullets opens in New York on Friday, June 19, 2015. A national theatrical release will follow.

First and foremost: I’m ecstatic that @Scotus has ruled same sex marriage bans illegal. This ruling will impact hundreds of thousands of people and bring about so much happiness, and I certainly can’t wait to cheer as many of my closest friends stand at the alter with their partners after being told for many years that their love is wrong and illegal, if not outright sinful. This is a significant step forward in the fight for LGBT rights. But it’s important to remember that it is just a single step in the journey towards greater rights for the LGBT community. There are still states that allow employers to fire LGBT employees; gay and trans panic defense laws remain in place, which defends the assault of LGBT individuals; we still face pervasive stigma against individuals in the community, as we see from those displeased with today’s ruling. And none of this even begins to address the many ways that sexuality intersects with race/class/gender. I’m not saying that today is worthless because the right to marry comes with many other legal benefits and will continue to contribute largely to helping reduce this negative stigma. But it is key that we don’t say “well gay marriage is legal so we did it! There’s nothing left to fight for!” We can go so much further to guarantee equality for the entire LGBTQIA community, and it’s imperative that we continue to push for safety and acceptance on both a legal and societal level. For now, drape yourself in the rainbow flag and rejoice because today #lovewins and we have earned the right to celebrate. But remember that the fight for our rights does not end with marriage.

On The Right to Bear Arms

the founding fathers couldn’t foresee a future like the present. the right to bear arms for the purposes of a well organized militia no longer applies. the right to bear arms mostly appears to be used for killing civilians in dubious cases of self defense or in crime ridden areas for which the economic decision makers care nothing. the founding fathers couldn’t have imagined that free market capitalism would allow for 89 guns per capita, guns that can discharge 600 rounds per minute, despite no actual threat to the country’s sovereignty. if nothing is to be done regarding the unconscionable self defense laws, the inaccessibility of mental healthcare, the bigoted wave of white terrorism in recent decades, or the racism-driven poverty faced in high crime areas, then the right to bear arms must be curtailed or abolished completely. a well armed society is not a polite society; a well armed society is a society in which anyone can kill you at anytime they deem it appropriate.

on the day when the government finally invades its own country, the day that paranoid delusional far rightists await, there will be no fighting back. the US military is bigger and more sophisticated than any military in history and is the size of the next dozen or so national militaries in the world collectively. the US already has control over the minds of its people,  convincing most of them that rampant classism and poverty are not just acceptable but also natural and good. no military is necessary to quell an uprising–no such thing could exist, even hypothetically. any revolutionary vanguard rejecting capitalist exploitation, even one firmly rooted in providing for the needy, would be branded a terroristic enemy of the state and crushed immediately by one of the several billions-worth, high-precision, unmanned airborne death machines parked in the driveway. people know this in the back of their minds, so they convince themselves that status quo at gunpoint is the best option.

no militia is necessary to protect the homeland. there are no displaced Native American tribes attempting to reclaim their land. there is no encroaching empire, British or Mexican. and there is no hope if the government were to turn to tyranny (for white people, i mean; it’s been a tyranny for people of color). the modern right to bear arms is solely a result of the sellers’ marketing departments creating demand, nothing else. without the second amendment, thousands of shareholders stand to lose millions of dollars. American capitalism, particularly the ideals espoused by rightist politicians, would classify this as big government interfering with Its Holiness, The Free Market.

guns are a tool of the despondent, those harmed by the exploitative mode of production employed by capitalism, those left in poverty. rather than see these folks (who, make no mistake, are mostly of color) elevated from poverty, the capitalists would rather see them armed and ready to kill or be killed.

fuck the second amendment. burn the Constitution and redraft it from scratch, and this time allow into consideration the needs of the oppressed, instead of the needs of rich straight white men.

These people, this entire village, that burned a cat alive for the sake of ‘tradition’ are so ignorant and living in the past they don’t realize something.

It’s an official crime. Like, what you committed is punishable by law. The defense of animal rights is part of our law and yall are going to pay for it. Fuck your tradition, you are all little psycopaths and 3 to 5 years in jail isn’t even enough for you. Let’s face it, that will be retirement for you mosters.

youtube

To Justify Murder of War Zone Journalists, Pentagon Reclassifies Them as “Unprivileged Belligerents”

The Pentagon’s ‘The Department of Defense Law of War Manual,’ which is the explicit rules of engagement for the Pentagon, is garnering outrage from the media because it appears that the manual allows journalist to be defined as enemy combatants. Professor Chris Chambers talks to Anya Parampil about what this will mean for journalists in the field.

all right i just wanna clear this up real quick

THE TRANS PANIC DEFENSE IS NOT A LAW. THERE IS NO US LAW STATING THAT IT IS LEGAL TO KILL A TRANS PERSON BECAUSE YOU FREAKED OUT BECAUSE THEY WERE TRANS. THAT’S NOT A THING.

The trans panic defense is a legal defense, not a law. All that means is that it’s a strategy that a lawyer may choose to use when trying to defend a client. It is up to the judge to decide whether or not this is a valid excuse for killing someone, and in the vast majority of cases it is thrown out.

Of course, this isn’t to say it can’t be harmful. It has been used sort of successfully (meaning the defendants were still convicted, but not with first degree murder or hate crimes), and California is the only state that bans the use of the defense. But saying it’s totally legal for someone to kill a trans person because they freaked out that the person was trans is completely false, and spreading misinformation doesn’t help anyone.

whats-ursine asked:

15, 17, 23, 38?

15. Does your clan have a council? An elected group of dragons in power?

Nope! :D

I mean, power is, of course, influenced by popularity, but in the end, Envy makes all the decisions. She’s just smart enough to listen to the clan.

17. Who protects the clan? Who is in charge of battling/guarding?

Almost… everyone? The raiders and guards sort of cycle. Anyone and everyone is called onto the battlefield if things get bad. Boring answer, I know. The Day Guard, of course, is almost always in charge of defense and enforcing laws and such during the day.

23. How does your clan educate younger dragons? Is there a scribe, scholar, or mentor?

There isn’t a official mentor. Brunhild, Moss, and occasionally Envy train the nocturnal kids in hand-to-hand combat, while Tamara and Arevik handle magic. Arevik also teaches healing. The Day Guard also teaches hand-to-hand combat and magic, though if you want to be a healer, you need to stay up late with Arevik.

Otherwise, young dragons just gravitate towards dragons that specialize in something they like. The adults are expected to teach when a young one requests it.

38. Does your clan have a set of rules or guidelines for the members? What happens if a dragon breaks these rules?

Yep! Like all kingdoms, the list is pretty long, but it includes all the typical stuff. Quite boring, actually. You have to get a license to raise the dead, don’t eat the neighbors’ pets, blah blah blah blah.

The punishment depends on the offense. It’s quite harsh, ranging from fines to death. Just knocking offenders around or throwing them out and banishing them is typical for the “medium” range.