don’t you hate when old people try to tell you how to live your life based on their experience? like thanks susan but y'all literally thought it was a good idea to medicate children with cocaine so i’m good on the advice front
February 12th 1818: Chilean Declaration of Independence
this day in 1818, Chile officially issued its Declaration of Independence from Spanish rule, following the initial declaration of September 1810. Desire
for independence had been on the rise in Chile for a number of years,
fueled by international independence movements, disaffection with the
corrupt Spanish-appointed governor, and the political turmoil following
Napoleon’s invasion of Spain and the capture of the Spanish king.
Following Argentina’s declaration of independence in May 1810, the
governor arrested patriots including the Chilean Bernardo de Vera
Pintado, prompting outrage in Chile. Citizens demanded a say in their
future, and 300 leading Chileans gathered for a meeting. Many of the attendees were Spaniards living in Chile, and
disagreements over the question of independence divided the meeting. It
was finally resolved that Chile, like Argentina, would establish an
independent government, but remain nominally loyal to the exiled King
Fernando VII. Count Mateo de Toro y Zambrano was named President, and
the new junta set about establishing a national Congress and military.
However, royalists vociferously opposed the declaration - which put
Chile resolutely on the path to total independence - and the next decade
saw bloody warfare between those who advocated full independence, and
those who wanted to remain within the Spanish Empire. In 1814, Spanish
troops reconquered Chile, but the oppressive rule of Spanish loyalists
reinvigorated the independence movement. The tide turned in favour of
the patriots, who retook Chile in 1818, when they defeated the last
large Spanish force in the Battle of Maipú, and issued a formal
declaration of independence on February 12th. The wars came to a close with the expulsion
of royalists in 1821, and the surrender of the last Spanish troops in
1826. Chilean independence was therefore secured, though not formally
recognised by Spain until 1844.
This is amazing! Some key information about this document sourced from the article:
Researchers believe the man behind this copy of the Declaration was James Wilson, a Pennsylvania delegate to the continental congress, one of six men to sign both the declaration and constitution, and, later, one of the original supreme court justices.
They concluded the document dated to the 1780s, and was produced in America, most likely in New York or Philadelphia.
Unlike previously known copies of the declaration, which have signatures grouped by states, the Sussex copy has its signatures in a patterned jumble. The researchers who discovered the document hypothesize that the appearance of randomness was deliberate and symbolic, part of a nationalist argument that the United States was founded by citizens, each created equal, and not by a looser confederation of states.
Only the second parchment manuscript copy known to exist besides the one kept in the National Archives in Washington DC.