Constitution Day

Spring vocabulary in Japanese

春 [はる] - spring
三月 [さんがつ] - March
四月 [しがつ] - April
五月 [ごがつ] - May
花見 [はなみ] - cherry blossom viewing
エイプリルフール - picnic
ひな祭り [ひなまつり] - Hinamatsuri, Girls’ Festival, Dolls’ Festival
ホワイトデー - White Day
春分の日 [しゅんぶんのひ] - Vernal Equinox Day
イースター - Easter
エイプリルフール - April Fools’ Day
ゴールデンウィーク - Golden Week
昭和の日 [しょうわのひ] - Showa Day
憲法記念日 [けんぽうきねんび] - Constitution Memorial Day Holiday
緑の日 [みどりのひ] - Greenery Day
子供の日 [こどものひ] - Children’s Day
母の日 [ははのひ] - Mother’s Day
日 [ひ] - sun; day
晴れ [はれ] - clear weather, fine weather
暖かい [あたたかい] - warm
風 [かぜ] - wind
涼しい [すずしい] - cool
霧 [きり] - fog
雨 [あめ] - rain
雪 [ゆき] - snow
氷 [こおり] - ice
溶ける [とける] - to melt
水たまり [みずたまり] - puddle
流れ [ながれ] - stream
洪水 [こうずい] - flood
木 [き] - tree
葉(っぱ) [は(っぱ)] - leaf
草 [くさ] - grass
花 [はな] - flower
桜 [さくら] - cherry blossom
種子 [しゅし] - seed
芽 [め] - sprout, shoot, bud
芽を出す [めをだす] - to sprout; to put forth buds
蕾 [つぼみ] - bud
球根 [きゅうこん] - bulb
咲く [さく] - to bloom
花粉 [かふん] - pollen
アレルギー - allergy
動物 [どうぶつ] - animal 
生まれる [うまれる] - to be born
孵る [かえる] - to hatch
鳥 [とり] - bird
巣 [す] - nest
卵 [たまご] - egg
昆虫 [こんちゅう] - insect
虫 [むし] - bug
蝶々 [ちょうちょう] - butterfly
蠅 [はえ] - fly
蛙 [かえる] - frog
蜥蜴 [とかげ] - lizard
蚯蚓 [みみず] - worm

2

February 1st 1790: Supreme Court first meets

On this day in 1790, the highest court in the United States, the Supreme Court, met for the first time at the Merchants’ Exchange Building in New York City. The Supreme Court is the only federal court specifically established in the Constitution (in Article III), and was implemented in 1789 with the Judiciary Act. The original role of the Supreme Court, according to the Constitution, was jurisdiction over “all Cases, in Law and Equity, arising under this Constitution” (Article III, Section II). The location of the Court moved a number of times, finally gaining its own building in Washington D.C. in 1935. The Court consists of a chief justice and eight associate justices, who are nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate; the first Chief Justice was Founding Father John Jay. The 1803 landmark case Marbury v. Madison formed the basis for the Supreme Court’s exercise of judicial review - when they can invalidate laws by declaring them ‘unconstitutional’ - which is now a major part of the Court’s role in American governance.

Venezuela

The world needs to know what is happening in Venezuela right now. As many of you might know, Venezuela is been in a dictatorship for more than 15 years and it’s only getting worse. After Chavez’ dead, Nicolas Maduro unconstitutionally took the place as the president and things has been getting worse since then. In 2013, the start of the big protests in Venezuela more than 200 people (mostly students between the age of 16 and 21) all over the country were arrested, the majority of those protesting were hurt by guns, bird shots and teargas resulting in the dead of many of them (again, not even older than 25). All of those attacks are from the government itself to try and repress the population from voicing their constitucional rights. Venezuela is been suffering since then a huge humanity crisis that are also the reasons for the protests. There’s not medicine in the hospitals and pharmacies, kids are basically dying from lack of resources. We can’t afford to have basic necessities such as toilet paper because there’s a huge scarcity in products of first necessity. There’s not food, and those who can afford to buy them need to spent a lot of money that the normal salary can’t cover, in fact, our salary doesn’t even afford us to have a nice diner at a restaurant. Our inflation is the highest in the world and the devaluation of our coin keeps getting even worst. There’s families/kids eating out of garbage. We have constants blackouts. The insecurity in our country is one of the worst, trust me, many Venezuelans are afraid to go outside on a certain hour, most Venezuelans have been victims of some robbery. In fact, many localities close at 6pm due to insecurity. My own mother was assaulted with guns at least 3 times in less time. Universities also suffer from insecurity. We can’t even talk about this because the government forcibly closed, censored or took out of circulation our only sources of information. The national channels don’t even speak about the protests or necessities suffered in the country because they want to brain wash those in vulnerable positions. Recently CNN was taken out of circulation in our country so the only way we can watch the news is due internet, that at this rate might be even controlled as well. There’s also a huge problem of indoctrination, the public employees get forced to attempt to political events held by the government and if they don’t they get fired, it happened to the father of a friend of mine and thousands of others.

A month ago, Nicolas Maduro proclaimed a law and eliminate the rights that constitutionally belong to the National Assembly (also known as Parliament), the National Assembly that is mostly directed by the opposition party voted by the majority of Venezuelans is the one (as stated in the constitution) in charge of making, eliminate and change laws which also protect the citizens, with this new law, the assembly can’t do their job because all their proceedings were given to the President (which means he can do what he wants with not repercussions) and to the Justice system, an unreliable source because all the public institutions in Venezuela are corrupted by this system and have done nothing but turn their back of the citizens and their rights such as the Electoral System (CNE) that has actively participated in the frauds created by the government in the voting procedures & failed to re-count votes when asked to. We don’t even have the security of a good police and military organization because like the public institutions they only obey this dictatorship government and their follow the orders to kill, torture and persecute those students, political activists and any one proclaiming their right to pacifically protest as it’s stated in the constitution.

This last few days there’s been various protests around the country and things aren’t that different from 2013. Students are getting arrested and beaten in hands of the police and national military. Just today, April 10, there’s been 3 deaths (kids younger than 20 years old), and there’s over 400 arrests all around the country were the majority are minors. The police and military (GNB - Guardia Nacional Bolivariana) has been repressing students with expired teargas, bird shots and actual guns without any disregard for the citizens. Hospital has been affected, many people including babies. ALL OF THIS is happening RIGHT NOW. There’s literal kids being killed on the streets for protesting against a dictatorship government. Please take a look at this Instagram account: @venezuelalucha, this accounts has been posting the videos about all of this attacks and some of them might be triggering but is the reality of the country.

A government that wants to held power in any means possible including going against the constitution is a dictatorship. Those who need to suppress, kill, repress and persecute the citizens for protesting against them it’s a clear example of lack of human rights. Spread the world about what is happening around the world. Kids should NOT be killed and assault for protesting. This needs to be an international issue because this is a clear example of violation of human rights and the international media needs to be aware of this.

Venezuela is a war zone right now.

SKAM Vocabulary Subpost

Click here to return to the main masterpost

These are words or terms (both in English and Norwegian) that may clarify things, words that have a language barrier, or cultural differences. Note: some things may be specific to some seasons.


Alt er love - Specific to season 3. Translates to “Everything is love”.

Ass - abbreviation of the word ‘altså’, which is typically added at the end of a sentence, meaning thus, hence, therefore, etc.

Balloon Squad - Specific to season 4, alluded to in season 3. Refers to the five boys, Elias Bakkoush, Yousef Acar, Mikael Øverlie Boukhal, Adam Malik, and Mutasim Tatouti.

Boy Squad - Specific to season 3. refers to a group of characters - Isak, Jonas, Madhi, and Magnus.

The 2 Chrises - Chris B. refers to girl Chris, while Chris P. or Penetrator Chris refers to male Chris.

The Collective / The Flat - The apartment in season 2 that Linn, Eskild, and Noora live in, and (SPOILER) in season three that Linn,Noora, Eskild, and Isak live in. The collective just means it’s a shared apartment.

Digg - In context to person it generally means awesome, cool, good looking or sexy. Could also be used in contexts of food, which would mean yummy or delicious. 

Fy Faen - expression that just means “dammit” or “oh shit”. Usually the subs translate it to “fucking hell” but it’s not really quite that crude.

Girl Squad - refers to a group of characters - Eva Kviig Mohn , Noora Sætre, Sana Bakkoush, Vilde Lien Hellerud , and Chris Berg.

Halla - “Hello”

Hei - “Hi” pronounced almost exactly the same

Hooke - came from the English slang of “hooking up”. In English, it typically means sex, but in Norway it usually means making out or heavy foreplay.

Hva skjer - “Whats’s Up”

Jeg elsker deg - “I love you”

Kjæreste - a gender less term for boyfriend/girlfriend. Directly translates to “dearest”.  Not specific to any season, but the genderless part is important in season 3 when (SPOILER) Isak is texting his parents and says “I have a Kjæreste. His name is Even. That’s a boy’s name. The reason he specifies that it is a boy is because it is a gender less term.

Kollektive / Kollektivet -  The apartment in season 2 that Linn, Eskild, and Noora live in, and (SPOILER) in season three that Linn,Noora, Eskild, and Isak live in. The collective just means it’s a shared apartment.

Kos  / Kose / Kosegruppa -  Specific to season 3. Kos / Kose directly translates to ‘snuggles’, but is kind of untranslatable. It means the overall feeling of warmth and coziness you get with friends. 

Russefeiring - also referred to as “Russ”. a Norwegian high school celebration in which students in their third year and second semester party really hard. Public drunkenness is usually associated with this tradition. It usually spans from late April  and ends in mid May the same day as Norwegian Constitution Day. Usually if they are not in school, they are partying on their buss.  A lot of times, kids wear corresponding clothes or colored overalls. Their friend groups get together and rent or purchase bus or a car. 

Serr - shortened version of the word ‘seriøst’, which means seriously.

Takk - “Thank You”

Unnskyld - “Sorry”

Today is Constitution Day in the US (the day the Constitution was approved by the Constitutional Congress). 

Fun Fact: Alexander Hamilton was the one who wrote the state names next to the delegate signatures on the Constitution. 

Opinion: It’s my view that the Constitution wasn’t the natural conclusion of the American Revolution (as is commonly taught/believed in America), but in actuality is a successful implementation of a counter-revolution against the more radical and democratic ideals of the Revolution.

Closeness Questions
  1. Given the choice of anyone in the world, whom would you want as a dinner guest?
  2. Would you like to be famous? In what way?
  3. Before making a phone call, do you ever rehearse what you’re going to say? Why?
  4. What would constitute a perfect day for you?
  5. When did you last sing to yourself? To someone else?
  6. If you were able to live to the age of 90 and retain either the mind or body of a 30-year old for the last 60 years of your life, which would you choose?
  7. Do you have a secret hunch about how you will die?
  8. For what in your life do you feel most grateful?
  9. If you could change anything about the way you were raised, what would it be?
  10. Take four minutes and tell you partner your life story in as much detail as possible.
  11. If you could wake up tomorrow having gained one quality or ability, what would it be?
  12. If a crystal ball could tell you the truth about yourself, your life, the future or anything else, what would you want to know?
  13. Is there something that you’ve dreamt of doing for a long time? Why haven’t you done it?
  14. What is the greatest accomplishment of your life?
  15. What do you value most in a friendship?
  16. What is your most treasured memory?
  17. What is your most terrible memory?
  18. If you knew that in one year you would die suddenly, would you change anything about the way you are now living? Why?
  19. What does friendship mean to you?
  20. What roles do love and affection play in your life?
  21. How close and warm is your family? Do you feel your childhood was happier than most other people’s?
  22. How do you feel about your relationship with your mother?
  23. Complete this sentence “I wish I had someone with whom I could share…”
  24. Share an embarrassing moment in your life.
  25. When did you last cry in front of another person? By yourself?
  26. What, if anything, is too serious to be joked about?
  27. If you were to die this evening with no opportunity to communicate with anyone, what would you most regret not having told someone? Why haven’t you told them yet?
  28. Your house, containing everything you own, catches fire. After saving your loved ones and pets, you have time to safely make a final dash to save any one item. What would it be? Why?
  29. Of all the people in your family, whose death would you find most disturbing? Why?
  30. If you could choose the sex and physical appearance of your soon-to-be-born child, would you do it?
  31. Would you be willing to have horrible nightmares for a year if you would be rewarded with extraordinary wealth?
  32. While on a trip to another city, your spouse/lover meets and spends a night with an exciting stranger. Given that they will never meet again, and could never otherwise learn of the incident, would you want your partner to tell you about it?
what is a “russ” and why does it seem like the biggest deal in SKAM ( aka vilde ) ?

so if you’ve seen from season 1, you’ve heard about the famous “russebussen”, or how in season 2 you see william and his friends partying in a bus. so you’ve probably been like “wtf is this shit? do norwegians actually obsess over this?”, well the answer is yes and no. but i’ll explain more of that later on in this post.

so to the first thing, what is a russ? well to sum it up shortly a russ is someone who is finishing up their last year of videregående, or as some would call it, high school. 

russefeiringen or russetia will normally last for about a month, starting in april and ending on the 17th of May, the norwegian constitutional day. during this period you will often find severely sleep deprived, hung over 19 year olds. 
but the russ do other things than drink and party; they also dare each other to the most hilarious things like walking around with bread shoes, go on a date in the school cafeteria with a first grader ( they’re 16 don’t worry! ), walk to the shops or around town with skiis on their feet, sit in a trolly and order a happy meal at McDonalds drive through, and so much more. 

but you also need to watch out, because if you are a first grader or a second grader, you can easily end up on the “terrorliste”, meaning that the 3rd years fuck you over like duck taping you to a pole whilst they throw water, flower, egg and all other stuff. you can become kidnapped, where the russ will take you and drive you to a place and then just leave you there, but they mostly leave you at a buss stop and make sure that you have the money to get home again. 

but the russ often have fights among each other, where the “enemy” can be the neighbouring city, the schools that are close to yours or the famous “blå russ vs rød russ” ( i’ll get into the colours in another post ), or the østkanten vs vestkanten ( east and west parts of oslo, the rich kids vs the middle to lower class kids ) 
now during the fights, you will often throw eggs at each other, egging down cars or other russ. the meeting grounds are trashed after the “fight”, but it’s all for a little fun.

now to the russebus and russebil. both extremely popular amongst the russ.

now this is a russebus, they don’t need to look like this, in fact if you google russebusser, you can find a lot of really cool busses. 
but anyways, russebusses normally cost around 1 million norwegian kroners, but normally they can reach up to 4, depending on how much work you’re putting into the bus.  
now people normally save up from the 9th or 10th grade with a group of their friends just so they can get this bus. the busses look amazing, and is a great place to sleep during landsstreff and a lot of room to party in, on the top and lower decks. this is mostly popular in the oslo area, but you can find them all over the country.

now this is a russebil, again really popular choice for the russ. here a smaller group of friends will save up money to buy the car ( or perhaps their parents have one for them to have ) and they decorate the inside and outside, often writing their names on the car. 
now i would say that the cars are more popular, because of the huge price difference. but hey, if you got the money and if you saved up, why not?

now all of this is all fun and all, but the russ also have to be extremely careful not to party too hard, specially with our new fraværsgrense of 10%. and the fact that our exam period is right in the middle of russetia. so whilst you are celebrating that YAY IM DONE WITH SCHOOL, you’re actually not and have to worry about reading with a hangover. the politicians did this in the 70′s in hopes that the russ would party less, well it didn’t work at all.

of course you don’t have to be a russ, but it’s fun and it’s why we go all out, it’s our last celebration before we head of to universities or jobs. so this is the shortest version of what the russetia is and i swear i’ll write up what the different colours means and the different types of russ you can be, but that should be in a post of it’s own

36 Questions That Can Make 2 Strangers Fall in Love ♥

In Mandy Len Catron’s Modern Love essay, “To Fall in Love With Anyone, Do This,” she refers to a study by the psychologist Arthur Aron (and others) that explores whether intimacy between two strangers can be accelerated by having them ask each other a specific series of personal questions. The 36 questions in the study are broken up into three sets, with each set intended to be more probing than the previous one.

The idea is that mutual vulnerability fosters closeness. To quote the study’s authors, “One key pattern associated with the development of a close relationship among peers is sustained, escalating, reciprocal, personal self-disclosure.” Allowing oneself to be vulnerable with another person can be exceedingly difficult, so this exercise forces the issue.

The final task Ms. Catron and her friend try — staring into each other’s eyes for four minutes, with the suggested duration ranging from two minutes to four. But Ms. Catron was unequivocal in her recommendation. “Two minutes is just enough to be terrified,” she told me. “Four really goes somewhere.”

Set I

1. Given the choice of anyone in the world, whom would you want as a dinner guest?

2. Would you like to be famous? In what way?

3. Before making a telephone call, do you ever rehearse what you are going to say? Why?

4. What would constitute a “perfect” day for you?

5. When did you last sing to yourself? To someone else?

6. If you were able to live to the age of 90 and retain either the mind or body of a 30-year-old for the last 60 years of your life, which would you want?

7. Do you have a secret hunch about how you will die?

8. Name three things you and your partner appear to have in common.

9. For what in your life do you feel most grateful?

10. If you could change anything about the way you were raised, what would it be?

11. Take four minutes and tell your partner your life story in as much detail as possible.

12. If you could wake up tomorrow having gained any one quality or ability, what would it be?

Set II

13. If a crystal ball could tell you the truth about yourself, your life, the future or anything else, what would you want to know?

14. Is there something that you’ve dreamed of doing for a long time? Why haven’t you done it?

15. What is the greatest accomplishment of your life?

16. What do you value most in a friendship?

17. What is your most treasured memory?

18. What is your most terrible memory?

19. If you knew that in one year you would die suddenly, would you change anything about the way you are now living? Why?

20. What does friendship mean to you?

21. What roles do love and affection play in your life?

22. Alternate sharing something you consider a positive characteristic of your partner. Share a total of five items.

23. How close and warm is your family? Do you feel your childhood was happier than most other people’s?

24. How do you feel about your relationship with your mother?

Set III

25. Make three true “we” statements each. For instance, “We are both in this room feeling … “

26. Complete this sentence: “I wish I had someone with whom I could share …”

27. If you were going to become a close friend with your partner, please share what would be important for him or her to know.

28. Tell your partner what you like about them; be very honest this time, saying things that you might not say to someone you’ve just met.

29. Share with your partner an embarrassing moment in your life.

30. When did you last cry in front of another person? By yourself?

31. Tell your partner something that you like about them already.

32. What, if anything, is too serious to be joked about?

33. If you were to die this evening with no opportunity to communicate with anyone, what would you most regret not having told someone? Why haven’t you told them yet?

34. Your house, containing everything you own, catches fire. After saving your loved ones and pets, you have time to safely make a final dash to save any one item. What would it be? Why?

35. Of all the people in your family, whose death would you find most disturbing? Why?

36. Share a personal problem and ask your partner’s advice on how he or she might handle it. Also, ask your partner to reflect back to you how you seem to be feeling about the problem you have chosen.

2

1st picture – An Armenian woman kneeling beside a dead child in field “within sight of help and safety at Aleppo”, an Ottoman city.
2nd picture – Greek civilians mourn their dead relatives, Great Fire of Smyrna, 1922.

History behind these two pictures.

Today marks the 100th anniversary of the day where upwards of 1.5 million Armenians we massacred by Turkish soldiers. Armenians were slaughtered in a form of ethnic cleansing. The Armenian Genocide (x) also known as the Armenian Holocaust was the Ottoman government’s systematic extermination of its minority Armenian subjects inside their historic homeland, which lies within the territory constituting the present-day Republic of Turkey. The total number of people killed as a result has been estimated at between 800,000 to 1.5 million. Turkey, the successor state of the Ottoman Empire, denies the word genocide is an accurate term for the mass killings of Armenians that began under Ottoman rule in 1915. It points to the fact that up to 2.5 million Anatolian Muslims lost their lives during World War I and denies that atrocities against Armenian populations were part of an organized plan to eradicate the Armenians. It has in recent years been faced with repeated calls to recognize them as genocide. To date, twenty-three countries have officially recognized the mass killings as genocide, a view which is shared by most genocide scholars and historians.

The Greek genocide, part of which is known as the Pontic genocide, was the systematic ethnic cleansing of the Christian Ottoman Greek population from its historic homeland in Anatolia during World War I and its aftermath (1914–23).  Estimates for the death toll of Anatolian Greeks as a whole are significantly higher, a team of American researchers found in the early postwar period that the total number of Greeks killed may approach 900,000 people. The Allies of World War I condemned the Ottoman government-sponsored massacres as crimes against humanity. More recently, the International Association of Genocide Scholars passed a resolution in 2007 recognising the Ottoman campaign against Christian minorities of the Empire, including the Greeks, as genocide. Some other organisations have also passed resolutions recognising the campaign as a genocide, as have the parliaments of Greece, Cyprus, Sweden, Armenia, and The Netherlands. (x)

We were connected by religion, we were connected by land, we are connected by tragedy. May the souls of our ancestors find peace. May the tragedies find recognition, may people not repeat the same mistakes, may history teach us a lesson. Because these photographs don’t lie.

2

10/30 day back to school challenge: Good night!

I made a new friend today and I got to know Annie better which was amazing. Annie was the first person I met in law school and I’m honestly so blessed to know her, she’s hardworking and nice and super funny! 

I also got a lot of work done but now I’m super tired and I have to go sleep now because tomorrow, I’m visiting the contitutional court! Can’t wait.