Since Nixon’s anticrime push in the early 1970s, the courts had interpreted the Posse Comitatus Act as to allow the military to provide “indirect” assistance to federal law enforcement. Generally, that meant allowing the Navy to tip off the Coast Guard when it spotted vessels that fit the profile of those used by drug smugglers. The amended law encouraged the Pentagon to go further and give local, state, and federal police access to military intelligence and research. It also encouraged the opening up of access to military bases and equipment, and explicitly authorized the military to train civilian police in the use of military equipment. The law essentially permitted the military to work with drug cops on all aspects of drug interdiction short of making arrests and conducting searches.
The next year Reagan pushed for more. He wanted the Posse Comitatus Act amended yet again, this time to allow soldiers to both arrest and conduct searches of US citizens. He also made official his desire to repeal the Exclusionary Rule, which would essentially free police to violate the Fourth Amendment at will. Republican senator Strom Thurmond of South Caroline introduced a bill to accomplish both of these goals, in addition to other items on the White House wish list, such as expanded wiretapping powers. Reagan also wanted to expand asset forgeiture power to make it even easier for the government to take property away from people who had never been charged with a crime. The 1978 law had exempted real estate from the types of property that could be seized. Reagan wanted that distinction removed. He also wanted the stanard of proof for confiscation lowered to a mere “suspicion” that the property had been used in a drug crime, and to permit the government to take property before even issuing an indictment. The aggressive legal minds at DOJ also invented a new tupe of forfeiture called ‘substitue assets’. This would allow prosecutors to estimate the amount of money a suspect had made inthe drug trade, then confifscate a portion of his property equal in value to their estimate, even if they couldn’t meet the already low standard for showing that the specific property they were eyeying was connected to any crime.
Unfortunately for the Americans who would later be victimized by these new crime-fighting techniques, there were no Sam Ervins left in Congress to protect them. The Democrats were eager to eliminate the perception that they were softer on crime than the Republicans. Senator Joe Biden, for example, preempted the White House-sponsored bill with a bill of his own, which gave Reagan everything he wanted on asset forfeiture.
On September 30, 1982, the crime bill loaded up with most of the provisions Reagan wanted passed the Seante 95-1.
Rise of the Warrior Cop: The Militarization of America’s Police Forces by Radley Balko
“but in a socialist society the government would be able to just take your property, monitor you at all times, and ignore the individual’s rights!”
The backdrop to the racist Right’s 1980s resurgence was a crisis in the U.S. agricultural economy, more severe than any since the 1920s. In the 1970s, farmers were encouraged to expand their businesses. Then inflation drove interest rates up. Those farmers who could still pay their loans saw their land prices plummet between 1981 and 1987, while they read about Wall Street speculators becoming millionaries through insider trading and other crafty means of moving number on paper. The magnitude of the farm crisis was staggering. In Minnesota, the average price of an acre of land fell from $1,947 in 1981 to $628 in 1987, amounting to a loss of paper wealth of between $20 and $40 billion for that state alone. The U.S. farm population dropped from nine million in 1975 to less than five million in 1987, as absentee investors assumed an ever greater percentage of farm ownership. In Iowa, an estimated 30 percent of the farmers were threatened with the loss of their land.
Individual farmers saw everything they had worked for fall into the hands of bankers who foreclosed on their property. In that context, the racist Right took advantage of a rare opportunity to spread their spurious conspiracy theories about Jewish control of the financial system.
Beginning in the 1970s, a loose network known as the Posse Comitatus (meaning ‘power of the county’) had emerged in the West Coast and MIdwest regions. A 1976 FBI estimate of seventy-eight Posse Comitatus chapters in twenty-three states placed total membership between 12,000 and 15,000, with as many as ten to twelve times that number of peripheral supporters. From California to Wisconsin, each Posse leader developed a slightly different style. Common to all was a belief in white supremacist Identity Christianity and variations on a few 'constitutionalist’ themes: Jewish bankers manipulate and control the Federal Reserve Board, if not the whole U.S. financial system; the income tax amendment was never legally approved by Congress and, therefore, 'sovereign citizens’ need not pay taxes; the United States is a 'republic,’ not a 'democracy’; and the only lawful authority is the county sheriff and his appointed 'posse’ of adult men who reside in his jurisdiction.
Through the Posse Comitatus’ pre-existing network of Farm Belt groups, the Midwest became fertile ground for the spread of racist and anti-Jewish propaganda during the 1980s… Had mainstream farmers not taken serious steps to educate AAM’s rank-and-file about infiltration by the far Right, the extent of the damage might have been much worse. One AAM faction sponsored guerrilla warfare training and classes on the making of pipe bombs; another faction advocating violence formed a Farmers’ Liberation Army.
Roads to Dominion: Right-Wing Movements and Political Power in the United States by Sara Diamond
The Friends Wing, Season 3 (credit to basicallylizziebennet for idea) (Seasons 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7)
3.00 - The One After 9/11 (Isaac and Ishmael) 3.01 - The One with the Campaign Kickoff, Part 1 (Manchester, Part 1) 3.02 - The One with the Campaign Kickoff, Part 2 (Manchester, Part 2) 3.03 - The One with the Subpoenas (Ways and Means) 3.04 - The One with the Veto (On the Day Before) 3.05 - The One with Donna’s Diary (War Crimes) 3.06 - The One with the Sneaky Submarine (Gone Quiet) 3.07 - The One with the Butterball Hotline (The Indians in the Lobby) 3.08 - The One with the Mad Cow Scare (The Women of Qumar) 3.09 - The One with the Napkin (Bartlet for America) 3.10 - The One with the Censure (H. Con-172) 3.11 - The One with the Vanity Fair Reporter (100,000 Airplanes) 3.12 - The One with the Tahiti Trip (The Two Bartlets) 3.13 - The One Where the President Can’t Sleep (Night Five) 3.14 - The One with All the Chess (Hartsfield’s Landing) 3.15 - The One with the Canadian (Dead Irish Writers) 3.16 - The One Where Josh Discovers the Internet (The U.S. Poet Laureate) 3.17 - The One with Charlie’s Tax Return (Stirred) 3.18 - The One with the Mysterious Letter (Enemies Foreign and Domestic) 3.19 - The One with the Attack Ad (The Black Vera Wang) 3.20 - The One with the Stew (NEVER FORGET) (We Killed Yamamoto) 3.21 - The One with the Shakespeare (Posse Comitatus)
Doing this one reminded me once again how many problems I have with Season 3. It has a few of the best episodes of the series in it (Bartlet for America, yo), but it also has some of the worst (The Women of Qumar, ugh), and it’s ultimately the second weakest season for me.
Alex Jones Responds To MSM Attacks on purpose of JADE Helm exercise
Alex Jones covers the entire history of the Govt plan to use the Armed Forces to infiltrate and disarm Americans. From A to Z the entire plan is laid out, from the FEMA camps, to gun confiscation drills and the rise of the police state. Don’t be a pathetic sheep make this video go viral and read the links below. Mainstream media, your days of lying to American people are numbered.
Historical Medieval swordsmanship based on the teachings of Master Johannes Liechtenauer with the German Longsword. Additionally, there are sword and buckler combinations, polehammers, and dussacks. This is the stuff the knights in armor were taught to survive with. These photos are from a demonstration the Bridgewater College Comitatus club gave at a local elementary school.
Everything Wrong with Police Has Been on Display in Ferguson
After Ferguson, Missouri police officer Darren Wilson fatally shot 18-year-old Michael Brown on August 9, the cops’ reaction provided a neat snapshot of just about every dangerous aspect of policing in modern America.
For starters, there’s the reliable archetype of the racist cop. Brown, though he allegedly stole cigarellos from a convenience store not long before he died, was not stopped over a theft report. The weak jaywalking excuse for a police stop adds a flavor of profiling which angers people further, and makes the racial element of the shooting more pronounced. In Ferguson, the numbers suggest that black individuals are targeted for police stops more than whites. A few of their cops also once beat a 52-year-old man, then charged him for damaging their uniforms with his blood. Brown himself may have been a dumbass teenager who committed a petty crime, but now he can never grow up to be better than that.
The police showed up like an army, thereby antagonizing the mostly peaceful crowds, both before and after looting began on August 10. This reaction, where store owners often got screwed by the mob but the peaceful, pissed off folks got their First Amendment rights violated, underlined another major problem with the police: Aren’t they violating Posse Comitatus by now? Men in SWAT gear that resembles paramilitary garb may bust down the doors of various suspected drug criminals at night, but that mostly goes without video evidence (when there are exceptions to that,people tend to be shocked, even when it’s a normal drug raid). Seeing a roadblock that belonged in the Middle East during a weekday afternoon in Missouri was jarring to people just starting to grasp its new normalcy.
Yet another strike against the Ferguson Police was their incredible opacity after one of their own killed. They initiated a curfew, and then took six days to release the name of Wilson. They did everything they could to block media attention. On Sunday night, a SWAT officer screamed “Turn off that light! Get down!” and then “Get the fuck out of here!” at a student who was broadcasting live radio. The officer, allegedly pointing a gun, also yelled what sounds like: “Get that light out of here, or you’re getting shot with this.” Some outlets—including Mediaite—thought the cop yelled “or you’re getting shot in the face.” Others say the cop might have been yelling “getting shelled with this” instead of “shot.” Regardless, it was bad.
The ostensible president trump just declared war on Chicago.
The Tenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution:
The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.
The Posse Comitatus Act prohibits the use of military forces on American soil. This doesn’t apply to the National Guard under the command of a Governor, but the Governor must call up the National Guard. 18 U.S.C. Section 1385 provides: “Whoever, except in cases and under circumstances expressly authorized by the Constitution or Act of Congress, willfully uses any part of the Army or the Air Force as a posse comitatus or otherwise to execute the laws shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than two years, or both.”
So, trump, bring it on. You commit an act of military aggression on U.S. soil, you are committing an impeachable offense.
I relate soo much to the trolls and dragons in those medieval Anglo-Saxon tales who, all alone, unable to secure a comitatus with anyone or to retain any thanes or companions, go crazy from isolation and leave their caves to attack mead halls and slay entire kingdoms of humans then are eventually slain themselves by a beloved Germanic hero and aren’t even buried in a tumulus b/c no one respects or likes them