Columbiformes

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Cinnamon Ground Dove (Gallicolumba rufigula)

Also known as the golden-heart dove, red throated ground-dove or the golden-heart pigeon, Gallicolumba rufigula is a species of ground dove that is distributed throughout Indonesia, Papua New Guinea and West Papua. Like other ground doves G. rufigula lives most of its live on the ground forages mainly in the leaf litter for fallen fruits and seeds.

Classification

Animalia-Chordata-Aves-Columbiformes-Columbidae-Gallicolumba-G. rufigula

Images: Peter van Zoest and Bernard Van Elegem

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Pink-headed Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus porphyreus)

Also known as the Pink-necked fruit dove or Temminck’s fruit dove, the pink-headed fruit dove is a colorful species of pigeon that is endemic to the mountain forests of Sumatra, Java and Bali. Although pink-headed fruit doves generally are shy and secretive they are known to form pairs and occasionally larger flocks. Like other fruit doves this species feeds mostly on fruit, figs and small berries which it locates high in the canopies. Pink-headed fruit doves are sexually dimorphic with males sporting their famous pink head and green back, females on the other hand are duller than the males and have a weaker breast band.

Although the pink-headed fruit dove is currently listed as least concern it faces threats from habitat loss, as its very small native range is shrinking.

Phylogeny

Animalia-Chordata-Aves-Columbiformes-Columbidae-Ptilinopus-P.porphyreus

Images: Nathan Rupert and David Bishop

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Luzon Bleeding-heart Pigeon - Gallicolumba luzonica 

The characteristic feature of the shy and secretive Luzon Bleeding-heart, Gallicolumba luzonica (Columbiformes - Columbidae) is the deep red spot on its breast, which resembles a bleeding wound.

As its common name suggests, the Luzon bleeding-heart inhabits the island of Luzon in the Philippines, as well as two neighboring islands. 

Like other pigeons and doves, this one feeds its young on nutritious ‘crop milk’, a secretion from a pouch near the adult’s throat.

This species is usually rather scarce or rare, and is classified as Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List. 

References: [1] - [2]

Photo credit: ©K.S. Kong | Locality: captive - Singapore (2014) - [Top] - [Bottom]

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Jambu Fruit Dove (Ptilinopus jambu)

…a strikingly marked species of fruit dove (Ptilinopus spp.) which is a resident breeder in southern Thailand, Malaysia, Brunei and the Indonesian islands of Kalimantan, Sumatra, and Java. Jambu fruit doves typically inhabit mangrove swamps and lowland rainforests up to 1,500 m. They are also known to inhabit second growth woodland as well. Adult jambu fruit doves are sexually dimorphic, with males sporting a crimson colored face, females differ by having a dull purple face with a dark chin. Like many fruit doves, jambu fruit doves are shy and inconspicuous birds, foraging for fruit in the forest canopy. 

Classification

Animalia-Chordata-Aves-Columbiformes-Columbidae-Ptilinopus-P. jambu

Image: Greg Hume

Crested Pigeon courtship - Ocyphaps lophotes

The Crested Pigeon, Ocyphaps lophotes (Columbiformes - Columbidae) is a relatively large, stocky pigeon with a highly distinctive appearance. As its name suggests, this species is easily recognized by its long, black, pointed crest, which is usually held erect. Ocyphaps lophotes is a species endemic to Australia.

During the breeding season, the male crested pigeon performs a display flight and courts the female with a ‘bowing’ display as seen in the photo.

References: [1] - [2]

Photo credit: ©Lip Kee Yap | Locality: Trin Warren Tam-boore, Royal Park, Melbourne, Australia (2008)

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Common Bronzewing (Phaps chalcoptera)

…a species of bronzewing pigeon (Phaps spp.) which is endemic to the continent of Australia, where it will occur in a variety of habitats with the exception of dense rainforests. Common bronzewings are often seen near areas of water where they will congregate in larger groups and forage for a  wide variety of seeds, vegetables and other plant matter. 

Classification

Animalia-Chordata-Aves-Columbiformes-Columbidae-Phaps-P. chalcoptera

Image(s): James Niland and JJ Harrison