Algerian Woman Playing a Darbouka (1887). Charles Landelle (French, 1821–1908).

The Eastern and North-African darboukas, or goblet drums, are played under the arm or resting on the player’s leg, with a much lighter touch and quite different strokes (sometimes including rolls or quick rhythms articulated with the fingertips) than hand drums such as the djembe, found in West Africa.

Juive de Tanger (1874). Charles Landelle (French, 1812-1908). Musée des beaux-arts de Reims.

Landelle is considered an important orientalist, genre, portrait and historical painter from the French school. He began his formal art studies in 1837 at the l’Ecole Royale des Beaux-Arts with Paul Hippolyte Delaroche (1797-1856) and with historical painter Ary Scheffer (1795-1858).

La Renaissance. Charles Zacharie Landelle (French, 1821-1908). Oil on canvas. Château de Fontainebleau.

Landelle represents the Renaissance in a symbolical form. He has introduced characteristics of sculpture, as well as from paintings of the 16th century. One cherub, resting on the medallion of Francis I, the patron saint of art in France, raises his head, and contemplates the Renaissance with unmixed satisfaction. The woman figure is distinguished by dignity and elegance of her features.