Cat-Disease

So poor Pia kitty just got back from getting a tooth pulled...

Contrary to my fears what with her dodgy heart and all, she’s doing pretty well. But she’s too stoned/weirded out to listen to me when I call her.

So she has her little bandage on where they had her IV, and she’s walking around flapping her arm like a grumpy old lady with a fly that’s bothering her, but she won’t come to me and let me take it off for her.

Silly cat.

other tips for new cat owners / people who may get cats soon:

no, getting a grown cat won’t be boring / less cute! they’ll become just as attached to you as a kitten. get a cat that speaks to you (literally or figuratively, maybe you want a cat that’s chatty). older cats will be so appreciative to have a home. 
people get rid of their cats for all kinds of unfair reasons. just the ones i’ve seen on the craigslist listings in the last 5 minutes: “i am just more of a dog person (7mo old kitten)”, “we hoped she would get over her kittenish behavior, she has not (2yr old cat)”, “i need to get rid of my cat before my baby is born (3yr old cat)”.
you can totally pick up a beautiful, loving, grown up kitty who will be needing some comfort after getting dumped. just look at this girl.

(taken off craigslist) she would be more than happy to live her cat life with you. is she not cute? she is. she is cute. so, ultimately, adopt whatever cat you like, but don’t rule out older cats!

nextly: no no, do NOT declaw your cat. DON’T DO IT. I’M TELLIN YA.
it’s a deeply painful procedure, actually removing the entire first knuckle, not JUST the nail. it causes long-term and potentially permanent pain in the cat, and can lead to nasty infections, behavioral problems, and helplessness if they ever find themselves outside and in need of protection or climbing abilities.
“but i don’t want my cat to scratch me / my kid / my furniture!” okay, i feel you, but there are other, cheaper, less inhumane options. my favorite of which are claw caps.

you gently press on your cat’s foot (to unsheath their claws), and place the soft cap onto their claw using the glue that’s included in any soft paw kit you get. it might take some getting used to on the cat’s part, but it should under no circumstances be painful, and when the kitty’s claws grow, the cap just kinda falls off, and you’ll put another one on.
you can also file or clip their nails down! if you’re too nervous or clumsy to do it, your vet will usually do it for a small fee, or a groomer can take care of it. Personally, I just let my cats’ claws hang out and accept the pokes when they knead on me, since i don’t have any little babies or expensive upholstery in my home. 

No, cats ain’t “low maintenance”. This is a living, social creature, not a chiapet. Especially if you’re raising them from kittenhood, they need a lot of attention and resources. cuddles, playtime, training, health care, feeding, cleaning up their facilities. you get a pet to interact with, not to buy and leave it be! a cat that you don’t socialize is going to be very moody and sad. get a pet if you plan to invest the time and energy they need- if not, maybe we can come back to that cactus idea? 

Cats need meat. I repeat, cats cannot survive without meat. Dogs need meat too- but cats are incapable of creating taurine in their own, and where do you find taurine? meat! hallelujah!! 
Feeding cats a vegan or vegetarian diet is a slow form of starvation and animal abuse. If you’re not comfortable feeding an animal meat, please do not adopt a carnivore. There are plenty of vegetarian mammals that you would be much better suited owning, but do not abuse your cats just because of your own feelings about protein. 
Without enough taurine in a cat’s diet, severe health problems will follow, like blindness, weak and decaying teeth, weak heart, and digestive issues. This is terrible. This objectively sucks. So pretty please give your cat a proper diet!

It’s way way safer to have an indoor cat. I don’t need you to tell me that you want your cat to be with you for many years, ‘cause I already know you do. Outdoor cats are exposed to wild animals, animal abusers, poisonous substances, cars, harsh weather, kidnapping, and diseases. Cats like rolling around in grass and grabbing birds from trees, and that’s great, but having an outdoor cat makes for a steep decrease in their estimated lifespan. The average lifespan of an indoor cat is 16.8 years, whereas outdoor cats average out to a hard-hitting 5.6. Ouch. 
So it’s definitely safer to keep a cat indoors! If you’re adopting a young kitten, it won’t be hard, since they won’t be expecting outdoor time already. If you’re still really into that whole grass idea, you should totally grow some indoor grass for your cat to chill in. 

good.

that’s everything i can think of for the moment, but please don’t be afraid to do your own research on animal care. there are tons of resources out there, and if you have a good vet, they’ll answer any questions you have! 

thank you for readin’ about cat care. as a reward, i’m adding a picture of toby as a baby. enjoy.

There are at least three stray cats that frequent Monmouth Manufacturing! They sneak in through windows and cracked open doors and head straight for Gansey’s room because he keeps little treats for them in his desk drawer! You can tell when they’ve come by because all of Noah’s sweaters are rumpled and covered in cat hair and he’s grinning from ear to ear. Everyone was worried about what would happen when Ronan got Chainsaw but they mostly peaceably avoid her because of the weird dream energy she gives off. Their names are Ethelberga (named by Gansey), Twisted Blade (Ronan), and Stripes (Noah) and there’s a scruffy looking calico who also drops in sometimes that Adam and Blue both like best 

In dogs and cats with dental disease, it’s very important to know where the roots of the teeth go and what angle they’re on. This is important for when a tooth needs to be removed, as the right angles will make a tough job a little easier.
It can also help you realise just how much damage a rotten tooth can do. See how far that upper canine goes? A rotten canine can cause what called an ‘oronasal fistula’ where a hole is made between the oral and nasal cavity, leading to discharge from the nose.
A few rotten teeth on the lower jaw can literally make the jaw so weak it fractures.
An infected premolar/molar on the upper jaw can lead to 'exophthalmos’ or protrusion of the eye due to the accumulation of pus at the roots.
These models are so handy and really help you appreciate how important it is to keep teeth nice and clean!

Patient presents with obesity (22#), PU/PD, and is running into walls.

With a closer look at the eyes, the cat appears to have retinal detachment. A lot of blood present in anterior chamber. IOP and blood glucose was WNL so diabetes/glaucoma was ruled out.

Bloodwork shows elevated values of BUN and CRE which leads us to believe that the cat has kidney disease. Owner declined T4 chemistry due to lack of funds, which is unfortunate because retinal detachment can go hand in hand with hyperthyroidism!

Final Conclusion: Feline Hypertensive Retinopathy and Kidney Disease

anonymous asked:

I know you probably have a lot on your plate so I'm sorry in advance, but I was wondering about vaccines as I was reading your vaccine tag as well as reading this other blog/webpage on cat vaccinations. I trust your opinion more so I was wondering how serious are adjuvants wrt sarcomas? You mentioned that feline Leuk vaccine is more strongly associated with ISS. I was also wondering if there was actually a correlation between vaccinations and nephritis?

I practice veterinary medicine in Australia, and our vaccination protocols are a bit different to the USA and most of the rest of the world. In particular, we don’t have rabies.

The vaccines for cats that are in common use here are:

  • F3 (calicivirus, herpesvirus and panleukopenia)
  • F4 (same as F3 plus chlamydia)
  • FIV (Feline Immunodeficiency Virus)
  • FeLV (Feline Leukemia Virus)

With rabies vaccines only being used for export.

Most cats get at least an F3 or an F4, and annual vaccination is recommended most of the time, because the herpesvirus component doesn’t seem to grant immunity for much more than 12 months. Outdoor or indoor/outdoor cats often, but not always because humans are slack, get FIV vaccinations. FeLV vaccines are not in common use, and are mostly used in high stress situations (eg breeding catteries) or in the face of an outbreak.

So most of our feline vaccinations are F3, F4 and FIV.

I’ve seen one Injection Site Sarcoma (ISS) in seven years of practice. It was in a 3 year old purebred cat, so he hadn’t had that many cumulative injections in his life, but he did get FIV vaccines. I suspect he was unlucky.

It’s also worth noting that in Australia, the general public is a bit on the slack side with bringing their cats in for annual vaccinations. Most cats get their kitten doses, and maybe an adult booster for the first two or three years, and then are ‘forgotten’ to bring in to he vet unless there is a problem or they’re dying.

Rabies vaccine seems to have a stronger association with ISS. Whether this is because people are more diligent about their rabies vaccine, or whether it’s an adjuvant issue, I’m not in a position to speculate.

There is also a stronger association between the retroviral vaccines (FIV and FeLV) and ISS. Whether it’s because these killed vaccines have different adjuvants, or whether it’s an intrinsic property of the retroviruses, I don’t know. But the association is there.

But it is worth noting that Injection Site Sarcomas can result from any injection, as they all cause some tissue trauma.

So how much of a risk is it? Well, the last conference I went to presented data that put the odds of a cat developing ISS with annual vaccination at around 1 in 10,000 to 1 in 100,000.

Now, that’s not a huge risk, though the consequences of developing ISS are severe. However it’s relative risk that we consider.

The Relative Risk of my cats, in Australia, developing rabies infection is zero. The risk of them developing ISS from rabies vaccination is very small, but it is higher than zero, and so we do not vaccinate for rabies. If we were in a rabies endemic country then you can bet your happy little backside that we would vaccinate for rabies, because the risks of potential rabies infection far exceed the risk of ISS.

The Relative Risk of my cat Wonka contracting FIV through a bite or a fight was extremely small when he was an only cat with a strictly indoor lifestyle.

Once we had Bael living with us, who was lovely but FIV positive, the Relative Risk of Wonka contracting FIV became much higher, certainly higher than a 1 in 10,000 chance, and so he was vaccinated for FIV.

I am aware of this risk, but I choose to do it anyway in this context.

I do routinely administer FIV vaccines over the right scapula though. My reasoning being that if a patient does develop an ISS, then at least there’s a solid barrier in the scapula to hopefully prevent it going deeper, which improves the odds of removing it in only one surgery without removing ribs.

I know an immunologist that vaccinated his cats in the tail tip, so that if they do develop an ISS he will just amputate the tail. He knows this is probably excessively paranoid, but when you’re exposed to all that data all the time, it makes you worry. I haven’t figured out how to do this easily yet.

I don’t think there’s a particular increase with nephritis and regular vaccinations. Excessive immune complexes can damage kidneys, but that’s generally fairly severe and shouldn’t be happening with a vaccination, more likely a bacterial or immune mediated condition. And skipping twelve years of vaccines certainly doesn’t protect cats from kidney disease.

anonymous asked:

in the future, my family's considering buying a cat from a breeder if not adopting. in my chosen breed search i started with the cats that i liked the "look" of the most and went from there in terms of health, temperament, etc.. i've always liked oriental shorthairs/longhairs. do you know of any notable health issues and other cons with that cat breed? (and, of course, if i were to buy from a breeder i'll make sure to do extensive research into whichever one i pick)

The Oriental Cats (Longhairs, Shorthairs, Siamese, etc) are predisposed to similar health issues. A quick Google search brings up bladder stones, heart problems, mast cell tumors, liver amyloidosis, and periodontal disease [Cat TImePet Health NetworkVetStreet]. Some of these also mention crossed eyes and neurological conditions.

I know @pangur-and-grim‘s Pangur has had to have teeth removed. I’m not well-versed in these cats myself, they seem like a breed where it’s important to find a reputable breeder instead of one that can’t be responsibly bred. I’d appreciate if Greer, or any others with oriental cat breeds, can weigh in more on things to consider when looking into one as a future pet.

I don’t know if the requests are open are not. If not, please ignore. But you know how in Danganronpa 2 there was something called the “Despair Fever? ” How do you think the NDRV3 boys would react if their S/O had caught it? Sorry if it seems like a stupid idea. But if you do write headcannons for it, thank you! And good luck with the page! <3

Thank you so much!!

This is a very interesting idea! I literally made up almost every single disease the s/o catches, so I hope this is what you want!

Excuse the awful disease names

-Mod Kaito

Keep reading

Common infectious diseases of Feline population

So you’ve got a half-cat, half human hybrid made in a secret laboratory. Or a race of tiger-people in the jungle outskirts. Or a race of cats that evolved a human shape on a spaceship over the last three million years.

Originally posted by allsortsofsmeg

Whether human-cat hybrids, sapient cats or anything in between, felines of many varieties suffer ailments that differ from our familiar human population. These are a few of the more notable ones that may be useful in fiction writing.

Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV) is the viral agent that causes Feline Aids. The virus does more or less what it says on the tin; it causes an immunodeficiency similar to HIV in humans. It is from a different viral family than HIV though, which is why there is a vaccine available for FIV. However, the vaccine for FIV works by creating high levels of circulating antibodies, which means the vaccine must be boosted every 12 months to remain effective. It is spread as you would expect with sexual contact, but also via saliva coated penetrating wounds typical of cat bites. Cats are a fairly bitey species at the best of times. It’s worth noting that this virus can also cause lymphoma and leukemias. Domestic cats and bit cats like lions can all be infected by this virus.

Feline Leukemia Virus is a similar virus that can also cause lymphoma and leukemia. It is also spread by saliva, a particular issue for a species that mutually grooms. Some cats will only be transiently infected before ridding themselves of the virus. Others may incubate the virus for months or years before succumbing.

Cat flu is the most common disease of domestic cats kept in large groups. Technically it’s not one disease, but a combination of herpesvirus, calicivirus, and chamydia bacteria. This combination of diseases causes very sick cats with an awful combination of supprative conjunctivitis, eye ulcers, mouth ulcers and snot. Unsurprisingly the young and the old are worse affected by this and the inappetance it inevitably causes. Herpesvirus in particular is never really gone and may resurface in times of stress or leave the feline with chronic eye issues.

Ear mites are a common, easily transmitted parasite specific to cat ears. If your character just happens to have kitty ears on that otherwise humanoid head, they may well be prone to these parasites. They’re very easy to catch, live in the ear canal and are intensely itchy. Sometimes they look like moving dandruff.

Feline Panleukopenia is another nasty, highly infectious viral infection of cats. It basically attacks stem cells, mostly affecting the bone marrow (causing immunosuppresion) and sometimes diarrhoea. It’s caused by a parvovirus and is common in unvaccinated kittens. By contrast, human parvovirus causes a skin rash and mild stomach upset. In a hybrid species, who knows which parvovirus will be causing trouble.

Toxoplasma is a single celled parasite that infects both humans and felines. I’ve written a little about it in terms of a zombie apocalypse, but it is a fascinating pathogen that causes different symptoms in different species. In an intermediate host, like a mouse, sheep, kangaroo or human, the parasite forms cysts in tissues awaiting a feline to come eat the current host. In the intestines of the feline host, Toxoplasma reproduces and has a merry old time. Generally speaking the symptoms of toxoplasa in the intermediate host (the one expected to be eaten) are more severe than in the feline. These symptoms may include muscle pain, fever, neurological issues, blindness or even birth defects and abortion. By contrast, infected cats usually have little more than a fever and some diarrhoea. Interestingly you can sometimes see either set of symptoms in felines, so a humanoid feline could show any range of symptoms associated with toxoplasma.

Of course it’s your reality, your rules, but this list should be food for thought with any fictional feline population, whether they just have cat ears or a whole feline evolutionary history.

anonymous asked:

Hello! I was wondering if you've ever heard of organ transplants for dogs or cats; or any other animal really. My dog's been having breathing issues these past few weeks (no worries! He's been to the vet, diagnosed, and started treatment) and lungs have been on my mind. I suppose it would be hard to ethically source organs, since someone might try breeding specifically for that purpose... but would it be worse than breeding animals for food? Discuss please!

Not for lungs, because lung disease is relatively rare in small carnivores compared to humans, and the whole support system required to keep your patient alive at that point is a significant cost.

But kidney transplants for cats were developed. Approximately 30% of cats will develop kidney disease, and there are several genetic ones too. So there is a significant demand… and there are lots of unwanted cats in this country. I think one or two clinics were offering this procedure for a while, but I’m not actually sure if any of them still do.

The main difficulty we as veterinarians face with kidney transplants in cats is where do we get the kidneys.

Health and viral screening aside, selecting a ‘donor’ cat to harvest a kidney from is ethically dicey at best. I can can’t consent to giving up one of its kidneys, and removing a kidney from a currently healthy cat is not in the best interest of that cat.

So we have a few hypothetical options for selecting a donor cat.

  • Shelter cat which is harvested and euthanised.
  • Shelter cat which has one kidney harvested and then adopted by the recipient cat’s owner
  • Owner’s second pet cat donates kidney to it’s housemate.

There are some pros and cons to each of these.

Euthanising the shelter cat means there’s no after surgery care required for that cat. But, you have then actively shortened the life of that individual cat, by up to 18 years if it was a young cat, when that cat could have been adopted and lived a normal life. And this may only extend the life of the recipient cat by a couple of years.

If you’re going to force the recipient cat’s owner to adopt the donor cat, then you have to hope those cats will get along, hope the owner will actually keep the donor cat, provide after care for two cats and you have most probably shortened the donor cat’s life expectancy.

If there is already a second cat in the household that can donate a kidney, then you’ve still shortened the life of one cat to extend the life of the other.

You might think adopting the shelter cat looks like a good option, but you then prevent it from being adopted with both its kidneys, and the question we ask ourselves as a profession is why not just adopt the shelter cat as is, and let the kidney failure cat live its otherwise natural life.

Are the cats potentially worse off by veterinarians performing kidney transplants than if we don’t?

Quite possibly.

Because cats can’t consent, there’s not necessarily an easy answer for this conundrum. There’s a level of individual choice involved, but for many of us it’s a question of should we do this, more so than can we do this.

Confession #2,519

My cats are wonderful. I swear they know when I’m flaring up because they stay in bed and cuddle with me all day. I have trouble staying warm and they’re so helpful. I had another cat that passed away last November and he’d follow me into the bathroom too (I have crohn’s). If I stayed on the toilet too long, he’d meow, stand on his hind legs, and pat my shoulder as if to ask if I was okay. I don’t know what I’d do without them.

anonymous asked:

Some cats need to be free. I've tried to keep my cat inside and she became depressed and wouldn't eat even though she had plenty of space to roam. Now she goes out when she wants and comes in went she wants and is happy. You can't keep cats or any other animal from killing something because that's their nature. Do you want foxes to be detained so they can't kill rabbits or other animals too? Animals kill each other and unfortunately there isn't anything we can do about it.

Cats are NOT wild animals, there is ZERO reason to have them outdoors. If your cat is depressed being inside then YOU are not providing them with enough enrichment. Foxes and other wild animals kill to EAT, not for fun. Cats kill because they can, even though they have enough food. And not only that, but being outdoors is dangerous to cats as well. Poison, diseases, wild animals, cars, or even bratty teenage kids with BB guns can kill them. Cats destroy ecosystems because they aren’t an actual part of the ecosystem. Cats kill animals and abandon the bodies. They kill for fun. Not to sustain themselves. Not only that, but they are responsible for the extinction of 33 different bird species.
For anyone looking to make their indoor cats lives more enriched so they don’t get depressed, you can start here: https://indoorpet.osu.edu/cats Start with the understanding cats section, which explains their behavior and why they act the way they do. Then go to the ‘keeping indoor cats healthy’ section, where there are a ton of different ways to enrich your cat while keeping them safely indoors.

This is all I am saying on the matter, any asks sent in after this will be ignored.

anonymous asked:

Fake bilambil kom ? Done with a ebike?

Another half truth from her. I was paced with an ebike and you can see the YouTube vids that prove it. You can see my power data. FL paced me which is not as good as having a bunch of riders like there other guys had. I would have gone even faster if I had the same guys to pace as the other lads did.

Don’t believe everything you read from a person who still openly lies about doing botox for years or getting herpes from fucking half of randwick fitness first steroid fueled bodybuilding community whilst on the pill… Those guys are on so much gear they would fuck their own mother or cat! Full of diseases that lot is.

doctorrichardstrand  asked:

"So, in short, cats might have accidentally unleashed a biological weapon against dogs about 40 years ago." Wait, has parvo only been around 40ish years????

Yeah, it developed sometime in the 1970′s. There were similar viruses already in cats, racoon and mink, but it looks most like the cat virus mutated.

Diseases evolve too.

myoldcatships  asked:

What kinds of brain parasites can you get from cats? A disease jumping from species to species is really uncommon as far as what I've heard so? What do cats (or other household pets) carry that could be transmitted to humans?

The main two are toxoplasma gondii (causes toxoplasmosis) and bartonella henselae (causes cat scratch fever). They’re both pretty minor in most cases - toxoplasmosis is generally asymptomatic although kids tend to feel a little sick at first, and cat scratch fever generally only really hits kids under the age of 15. Neither is really treated - they’re only concerns if you’re immunosuppressed, or for toxo, if you’re pregnant. Congenital toxoplasmosis can definitely be dangerous to babies, which is why they really highly suggest pregnant women not clean litterboxes (exposure is most likely from cat feces). 

anonymous asked:

i was wondering do you have any disability hcs for warriors?

YES i do!!

- sorreltail has motor and memory issues from the deathberry incident; shes had lots of physical therapy and help from meddie cats

- cloudtail is hard of hearing

- icecloud has albinism

- i have lots of autistic character hcs haha

- crookedstar has parkinson’s disease (yes cats can get it)

- tigerstar has arthritis (due to his large size and genetics) and hid it as best he could

- brokenstar has problems with speech in the dark forest due to his poisoning (this follows the ‘df cats had the injuries they were killed w/’ hc) 

- breezepelt injured his leg a long time ago and walks w/ a limp (personal hc of course, not backed by canon)

- purdy also has parkinson’s disease