behind the mask | bauta

The bauta (sometimes referred as baùtta) is a mask, today often heavily gilded though originally simple stark white, which is designed to comfortably cover the entire face; this traditional grotesque piece of art was characterized by the inclusion of an over-prominent nose, a thick supraorbital ridge, a projecting "chin line”, and no mouth. The mask’s beak-like chin is designed to enable the wearer to talk, eat, and drink without having to remove it, thereby preserving the wearer’s anonymity. The bauta was often accompanied by a red or black cape and a tricorn.

In 18th century, together with a black cape called a “tabarro”, the bauta had become a standardized society mask and disguise regulated by the Venetian government. It was obligatory to wear it at certain political decision-making events when all citizens were required to act anonymously as peers. Only citizens (i.e., men) had the right to use the bauta. Its role was similar to the anonymizing processes invented to guarantee general, direct, free, equal and secret ballots in modern democracies. Also, the bearing of weapons along with the mask was specifically prohibited by law and enforceable by the Venetian police.

Given this history and its grotesque design elements, the bauta was usually worn by men, but many paintings done in the 18th century also depict women wearing this mask and tricorn hat. The Ridotto and The Apple Seller by Pietro Longhi are two examples of this from the 1750s.


#2014 #CarnevaleDiVenezia, #Italia

★✩★ #Wonder and #Fantasy #Nature ★✩★

#Venice #Carnival #Masquerade #Festival #Italy 

★✩★ February 15th - March 4th, 2014 ★✩★

#Costumes #Masks


1268′den itibaren kutlanan Venedik Karnavalı’nın temeli aslında Pagan kültüründe baharı karşılamaya dayanıyor. Zaman içerisinde yasaklanan karnaval, 1979′dan beri her yıl kutlanıyor. İlk kutlanmaya başlandığı zaman sosyal sınıf ayrımlarını ortadan kaldırmak için kullanılan maskeler, şimdi Venedik Karnavalı’nın vazgeçilmezi haline gelmiş durumda…Karnaval boyunca en başarılı kostümü seçmek için San Marco Meydanı’nın ortasına kurulan büyük sahnede yarışma düzenleniyor. Çevredeki tüm kostümlü insanlar burada sıraya giriyor, podyumda yürüyor ve jüri tarafından oylanıyorlar…

( bkz