Carahunge, The Armenian Stonehenge

Carahunge (aka Zorats Karer, Karahunj, Quarahunj, Carenish or Armenian Stonehenge) is a prehistoric archaeological necropolis near the town of Sisian in the Syunik Province of Armenia that dates from the Middle Bronze Age to the Iron Age.

The name Carahunge is derived from two Armenian words: car (or kar) (Armenian: քար), meaning ‘stone’, and hunge or hoonch (Armenian: հունչ), meaning 'sound’. Thus the name Carahunge means 'Speaking Stones’.  This interpretation is related to the fact that the stones make whistling sounds on a windy day, presumably because of multiple reach-through holes bored under different angles into the stones in prehistoric times. About 80 of the stones feature a circular hole, although only 37 of the stones, with 47 holes, are still standing. They have been of interest to Russian and Armenian archaeoastronomers who have suggested that the standing stones could have been used for astronomical observation.

The site is rich with stone circles, burial cists and standing stones (menhirs). There are a total of 223 basalt stones. Their heights measured from above the ground range from 1.6 to 9.8 feet (0.5 to 3 m) and they weigh up to 10 tons.


Zorats Karer is a prehistoric archaeological site in Armenia. It contains a total of 223 stones, including burial cists, standing stones, menhirs, and stone circles. Primarily erected from basalt, they range in height and weight, some as tall as 3 meters and weighing up to 10 tons. Given their age, almost all are covered in moss and lichens, and have been severely eroded.

Sometimes referred to as the “Armenian Stonehenge,” it literally translates from modern Armenian in English as “Army Stones,” but even this translation lacks eloquence, if not also accuracy. Zorats Karer goes by many alternative names, one of which being Carahunge, derived from a nearby ancient village called Carunge. Carahunge is a name derived of 2 Armenian words: Kar, meaning ‘stone,’ and hunge (or hoonch) meaning ‘sound.’ Thus Zorats Karer could be more accurately called “Speaking Stones.” This translation in part comes from the fact that on windy days, whistling sounds are heard coming from the stones, as 80 of the stones have holes bored through them at various angles.

Russian and Armenian archaeoastronomers have suggested the stones were used for astronomical observations, namely because of how the holes align with certain phenomenon. For example: 17 of the stones have been associated with the sunrises and sunsets at various solstices and equinoxes, and 14 with lunar phases. But these findings are conjectural at best, as there can be no certainty that the wholes are even prehistoric in origin, and part of the original construction.

Carahunge (Քարահունջ)

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Carahunge. The worlds very first Observatory 

Around 200km from Yerevan, the capital of the Republic of Armenia, not far from the town of Sisian, there is a Prehistoric Monument consisting of hundreds of standing stones on a territorial area of approximately 7 hectares. 

Many of these stones have smooth angled holes of 4 to 5cm in diameter, the angles of the holes being directed at different points on the horizon and outer space.

You know,
just in case you lovely people wanted to learn something tonight.