CANADIAN-ARMOUR

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Canadian armoured cars of Motor Machine Gun brigade in 1918.

After the German offensives early in 1918 pushed the Entente armies back the fighting on the Western Front took on a new form. The mobile warfare of the beginning of the War re-emerged, tempered by the technological and tactical advances of the past three years. Cavalry came back to the field along with its new armoured counterpart and the War became once more, about movement.

Sherman tanks of the 1st Canadian Armored Brigade in Italy, advancing towards the Gothic Line, 26 August, 1944.

The brigade took part in the British Eighth Army’s assault landing on the toe of Italy in Operation Baytown on September 1943. Its regiments participated in the Battles of Potenza, Termoli, Ortona. During the fourth and final Battle of Monte Cassino in May 1944, the brigade helped break the Gustav Line, crossing the Gari River in support of the 8th Indian Division. Its regiments helped the 1st Canadian Division and the British 78th Division in breaking the Hitler Line. It cooperated with the British XIII Corps in the Battle of Lake Trasimeno. It was active in the crossing of the Arno River and later fought on the Gothic Line.

Combined with the 1st Canadian Infantry Division and 5th Canadian Armoured Division as part of I Canadian Corps, the 1st Canadian Armoured Brigade was moved from the Italian Front and joined the First Canadian Army in Northern Europe at the beginning of 1945. (Photo source - © IWM NA 18051)
No. 2 Army Film & Photographic Unit - Sgt. Palmer

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Polish “Sherman” after the battle for the “Gothic line”. September 1944
Tanks “Sherman” 1st canadian armoured division moving to the “Gothic line”. Italy, 26 August 1944.
Polish tankers of the 4th armored regiment “Scorpion” in Italy.
Polish tankers of the 4th armored regiment “Scorpion” (4 Pulk Pancerny (PSZ) “Skorpion”) in German tank Pz.Kpfw.V “Panther” destroyed in the valley of the river Metauro (Metauro)
Soldiers of the 1st platoon of the 1st company of the 5th battalion of the 2nd brigade of the 3rd Carpathian rifle division, 2nd Polish corps (3 Dywizja Strzelców Karpackich, 2 Korpus Polski), hidden next to the broken German tank destroyer StuG M42, charge 2-inch mortar British production, providing fire support to the patrol in the mountains South of the river Senio in the heart of Faenza (Faenza). Behind the mortar is seen running with a walkie-talkie radio operator.

ACS Sturmgeschütz M42 mit 75/34 851(i) is the German designation in the Wehrmacht requisitioned Italian self-propelled artillery Semovente da 75/34.
New Zealand soldiers pose on broken tanks “Sherman” M4. Tanks were lost during the fighting on the “Gustav Line”, the “Hill of the Hanged.”
Wrecked tanks M4 “Sherman” the 6th South African armored division on the mountain road near the Italian town of Perugia.
The engineers of the Jewish Brigade in the British Army. Italy. 1943.
The Jewish brigade was created from volunteers from Palestine. Was part of the British army. After the war, its veterans were the basis of the Israeli army. Italy, 1943-1944.

A Sherman tank of the 27th Canadian Armoured Regiment (Sherbrooke Fusiliers), supporting 9th Canadian Infantry Brigade, comes ashore on Nan White beach, Juno area, near Bernieres-sur-Mer, 6 June 1944. Beach Group personnel can be seen constructing trackways over the sand, and an armoured bulldozer is partly visible on the right.

(IWM)