Archaeological find at Norton Bridge turns out to be from Saxon period

Archaeologists have discovered a wooden butter churn lid unearthed at Norton Bridge is from the Saxon period following scientific tests.

Evidence of prehistoric activity was uncovered in the same area of the site and archaeologists believed the butter churn could be from the same period.

But radiocarbon tests have revealed the lid of the butter churn dates from the early medieval period when the area was part of the Mercian kingdom.

The tests have put a fragment of wood found with the lid as dating between AD715-890, so the lid is from the same period as the Staffordshire Hoard.

Dr Emma Tetlow is senior archaeologist at the site where Network Rail is building a new flyover and 11 bridges to remove the last major bottleneck on the West Coast main line as part of the £250m Stafford Area Improvements Programme. Read more.

Another great “from the repository” feature from UI student, Seraphina!

“Today we bring you a find from a rural Jones County farmstead! This is a lid from a butter churn, made of iron with wooden fragments on the underside, which was found in a grouping of sites that included a demolished dairy barn. The barn supplied local cheese factories and dairy creameries in the late 19th and 20th centuries, but this lid is small and most likely was used for home dairy production, not in a commercial setting. Therefore, we cannot conclusively say the churn this lid came from was ever used at this dairy barn site. It most likely came from one of the nearby farms and was dumped at the site right before demolition of the barn. Still, dairy production is an important part of rural Iowa culture, and this lid represents the earlier activities of Iowans from over a century ago.”

anonymous asked:

dude.. fuck.. man .. pharah grew up with overwatch is getting my goat.. ITS CHURNING MY BUTTER. pharah like going to a parent teacher meeting and just brings like 5 EXTREMELY buff guys and gals all who look like they could snap your neck and like. on fathers day at school how they sometimes have like lunches and the kids invite their dads/father figures she just takes fucking reinhardt he barely fits theu the door but hes drinking tea with his pinky up and all the kids r so JEALOUS



Albert Richardson was one of those rare inventors who not only created numerous devices, but created devices that were completely unrelated to one another.

Until 1891 anyone wanting to make butter would have to do so by hand in a bowl. On February 17, 1891 Richardson patented the butter churn. The device consisted of a large wooden cylinder container with a plunger-like handle which moved up and down. In doing so, the movement caused oily parts of cream or milk to become separated from the more watery parts. This allowed for an easy way to make butter and forever changed the food industry.

In 1894, Richardson saw a problem with the way the bodies of dead people were buried. It was common at that time to simply bury bodies in small, shallow graves or to try to lower their caskets with ropes into a deeper hole. Unfortunately, this required several people to work in unison to ensure that the casket was lowered evenly. Failure to do so could cause the casket to slip out of one of the ropes and to be damaged from hitting the ground. On November 13, 1894, Richardson patented the casket lowering device which consisted of a series of pulleys and ropes or cloths which ensured uniformity in the lowering process. This invention was very significant at that time and is used in all cemeteries today.

In addition to these devices, Richardson patented a hame fastener in 1882, an insect destroyer in February of 1899 and an improvement in the design of the bottle in December of 1899.

Garth Williams illustrated all the sweetest children’s books of the 20th century, and made Laura Ingalls Wilder’s family look all soft and fuzzy and gorgeous (whereas actually, when you see their real-life photos, they’re all ugly and terrifying). Here, Mary Ingalls is churning butter with a ‘scalded dasher’. Making my own butter is actually on my private to-do list. Yes, I’m a Cancerian geek.