Was any first nations land ever stolen by the government? It's weird to think about historically because the treaties were mutual and signed by both parties right? They agreed to it. But the govt also created Canada without the consent of indigenous peoples either so like. But maybe that was stipulated in the treaties anyways because it wasn't their land anymore, you know? So like idk here ...
All of Canada exists on stolen land either directly stolen or through broken treaties. Even on unceded territory Canadian governments continue to use indigenous lands without consent. Kinder Morgan’s oil pipeline goes directly through unceded FN territory in BC.
And, yes the government of Canada is responsible for this land theft.