Bone-Cancer

This is in memory of my amazing, loving pet, Ceaser. He was really fun, sweet, and made me laugh from the silly things he’d do. He was more than just a pet, he was family. I made a longer version on my Facebook page, Instagram won’t let me upload it because it’s 3:45, so I made a shorter version for insta. It’s hard to not think about him. He passed on Monday, 11/20/17, 10:20 AM. He had bone cancer, and it was putting pressure on his heart, and he was suffering. He was in such pain you could actually see the tears rolling down his face. We tried CBD oil, and more to try and hold food down. He lost so much weight he didn’t look like himself anymore, skin wa shanking down from his neck, and you could see his ribs. He was throwing up like crazy and couldn’t hold down food. We didn’t want him to suffer anymore, so we did what was best for him, even as much as it kills us inside. I’ll forever love, remember and miss you Ceaser 😭😭❤️❤️

Mom Adopts a “Dog”

So y’all keep blowing up my notes with the various Family Lore stories I’ve been telling, so I guess I should tell one on my parents now.

My Mother’s Father was part of the United Auto Worker’s Union, and during the 50′s and 60′s, was on strike a lot. My point is, grandpa got himself an entirely deserved reputation for being a sucker who loved animals, so people would dump thier pets on him. Hence, my mother grew up in a house with pets such as Picket the one-eyed tomcat, Tweety the Bald canary, Dummy the cat, Stupid Son of Dummy, Spooky Garbage Dog and Chiquita the Tarantula.  Eventually Grandma put her foot down when Grandpa brought home Gerta the Saint Bernard.

I say all this because it provides some context for how the following occured.

Mom and Dad had just moved in together (my parents dated for six years and were engaged for 13 days, driving everyone on both sides insane), and unfortunately, My mother’s German Shepherd, Cops, has just passed away due to bone cancer.  After mourning for a bit, Mom and Dad decided to get a dog together, as a couple.  

For context, my father had never owned a dog in his life.  His mother had ‘Pretty Bird” the budgie as a child but parrots are alien life forms, not pets.

So they go to the Palo Alto Animal shelter to adopt.  The year was 1987, and at the time, Palo Alto was… not a great place.  Lots of drugs, gangs and poor civic managment.  Mom told me that she learned to identify different types of gunfire while living there. They get there, and mom explains that she’s always had a preference for Big Dogs, and the guy’s face lights up.  Oh Yes, he says, We have a Big Dog.  For expirienced owners, yep, adoptable today, here we’ll give you a discount even-

Somehow my parents were not suspicious about this.

They were shown to the Animal in question, a Gorgeous blue-sable beastie with pretty golden eyes who immediately pressed herself against the fence and gave them the best PUH-LEEEEEEASE TAKE ME HOME puppy eyes 100lbs of canine can do.  Mom and Dad fall in love instantly.  They sign all the paperwork and take her home for $10, and name her “Mazel” as in “Mazel Tov.”

Within the hour, it becomes clear that something is amiss.

Cops had lived with his kibble stored in a plastic garbage can in the garage for six years without incident.  Mazel figured out how to open doors and got the locking lid off the can in six minutes, horking down about four pounds of the stuff before my mother notices that it’s been weirdly quiet.  Most dogs bark at or chase squirrels.  Mazel stalked and caught one the second day, presenting it to my mother like an offering.  Mazel knew all her commands but would clearly stop to consider before obeying, and trained my dad to give her good treats within a week.  The locks on the side-yard gate were undone, and she took a stroll around the neighborhood, but always retuned home for dinner.

After a week of gradually realizing that Mazel was smarter than most of the professors my mom worked with, they took her to the Vet for a routine checkup.

Dr. Hamada walked into the exam room, dropped the clip-board and said “Where the HELL did you get a Wolf?”

After a bit of prodding and a very-angry-dr.hamada-calling-the-pound, they determined Mazel was a high-content hybrid, probably with a husky, but was going to be a lil shit her entire life.  OK, said Hamada, I don’t like destroying animals and you’ve got a lot of expirience with dogs, so I’m okay with letting you keep her, but you should keep her away from small children because her Prey Drive could kick in.

Two years later, mom got pregnant with me.

Mazel noticed instantly, and reacted by digging a large hole in the yard and catching even more squirrels for mom, because she needed the protein or something.  That what you do when the Alpha Bitch is preggers, right?  Dig a den and ply her with food?  On the advice of my grandmother, my mom stayed overnight at the hospital once I was delivered, and dad went home with a shirt that had moms and my scent on it.  Mazel spent the whole night puzzling over it.

The next morning, when mom came home with me, there was the sudden and instantaneous recognition of PUPPY!!!!!! :D:D:D!!!!! PUUUUUUUPPY!!!!!!  and Mazel turned into the most aggressively maternal being I’ve ever met.  Playing with me on the blanket, sitting under my chair at meals (I was a messy eater), sleeping under my crib, teaching me to walk by letting me hang onto her fur and shuffle around.

Dr. Hamada thought mom was a madwoman, until he saw me holding Mazel’s mouth open and sticking my face in so i could look at her teeth.  He gave up when my mom announced she was pregnant with my sister.

I’m making living with a Wolfdog sound awesome, but it did come with some drawbacks:

  • Mazel did have to be muzzled at the vets, because she had Opinions about having things stuck up her butt.
  • HAIR.  One of my chores growing up was to brush her out every week and I’d frequently end up with more hair than animal.
  • the only way we could reliably get her to stay in the yard was with an overhead tether with a STEEL cable, which she chewed through anyway.
  • Do you like waking up by being hit in the face with half a dead animal? No? Wolfdogs may not be for you.
  • More than capable of opening the fridge and eating everything if you’re not watching
  • Will get into everything if not otherwise occupied.  Including eating your tax forms.
  • Howls along with sirens at 4 AM.

PROS of growing up with a wolfdog, as a small child in the 90′s

  • I was afforded a degree of freedom normally associated with a pokemon trianer. It was no big deal for me and my sister to walk three miles through my not-really-good neighborhood to the Froyo if I took Mazel with us. People tended to leave us alone when we had 100lbs of overprotective Apex Predator following us around.
  • WINNING at Pet Day at school.  There wasn’t actually a compettion but Billy’s hamster sucks in comparison to an animal that is perfectly willing to demonstrate how she can snap an oak branch in half on command.
  • PTA moms losing their shit because Mazel would walk down the block by herself to come pick ups up from school.
  • Grew up associating the word “Bitch” with teeth and the willingness to rip an asshole’s face off for being rude.  Never changed the definition.
  • Learned the I-Own-This Strut and Murder-Stare from the absolute best.

When she was 17, Mom and Dad decided to add another room on to the house.  They rigged up the overhead tether so she could be outside but not underfoot for the contruction guys.  One morning, mom came out to notice them all milling in the side yard entrance, muttering worriedly.  When mom asked what was wrong, one of them explained that Carlos forgot to bring the Hamburger.  What do you need a hamburger for?  Asked mom, and they pointed down the side yard to where Mazel was sitting, doing her best Viscious Alpha Bitch Stare.

Apparently they’d never realized that she was on the VERY end of her tether there and couldn’t actually get to them, and had been scamming them for a big mac a day for a month.  Mom had my six-year-old sister pull her away to show she wasn’t dangerous and tired her best not to laugh but kind of failed.

Mazel ended up living to be 19 and a half, and except for some minor arthritis, remarkably hale until the day she passed away in her hole in the back yard while taking a nap.  I maintain that Death had to wait until she was sleeping to get a crack at her, or she would’ve taken his scythe for a chew toy.

Aries —
there was a war in your childhood home, and you can still remember the fires, how the blood was
pretty and sick on the bathroom’s pristine tiles, your mother’s still warm body limp in the tub.
breathe in through the mouth: in, out, in. you are not guilty. her life is not on your hands.

Taurus —
it is okay to love things more than you love people; practical, even.
people have left you, people will leave you – things, though, ah! things will not abandon you.
buy yourself something nice. it is the least bad out of all your choices.

Gemini —
you die every night and are reborn at dawn; you are a walking graveyard,
an army of yesterdays’ ghosts, and you no longer remember who you were at the beginning.
do not weep for the stranger that once inhabited your bones.

Cancer —
you are in love with the idea of love more than you are in love with your lovers;
that is why all your relationships are fleeting, why you are always falling apart.
all the same, smile when he proposes. pretend you do not know how this is going to end.

Leo —
oh, you poor, poor thing. all you have ever wanted was love’s sunlight, but all you ever got
were the thunderstorms, the clouds above your head heavy with sorrow, and so you chose
to drown out the rain between the thighs of a lover. do not regret it, for they were good nights.

Virgo —
you cradled your heart all your life with such care, and when the day came for you
to hand it to another, it shattered like glass in their grip. they did not mean to hurt you, you know.
they just wanted to hold on, afraid it will slip through their fingers like sand.

Libra —
you are the king of bad choices, from lovers to the fights you pick when you are far from sober;
you lost your sanity along the line between what is right and what is not, and you started hungering.
i fear the day your hunger will be quenched – only justice will sate you, and that calls for everyone’s dying.

Scorpio —
you are the one everyone fears: the monster in the closet, the witch at the stake – the devil, falling.
all of this is because they cannot understand you. they fear you like they fear death; instinctively.
do not mind them, for death is a kind god: the sweetest sleep, the darkness from which life is born.

Sagittarius —
some days, you think the sea is but a giant mirror, the vanity of coquettish stars and lazy clouds in passing.
some days, you think it is the fury of our earth mother, her tears and her sorrow saltwater in the breeze.
on all of them, you want to sail its’ lengths; you want to get lost out on the abyss, feel small beneath the sky.

Capricorn —
you learned early on the art of silent war – the war carried by words, sharper than any other blade.
at the same time, you have learned how little you mattered to the world, and so you cast yourself in armor.
i just wish you would learn to love yourself, if only a little. your own words have been cutting you all along.

Aquarius —
there is a sickness in you called longing: you’re wanton, thirsty, hungry, wanting – what, exactly,
well, that is part two, and none of us is really sure. you’re standing here, hands reaching for; come inside.
i will pour us both some wine, and we can pass the waiting time together. one day, you will know what you are lusting after.

Pisces —
all you have ever loved seems to be taken from you, until your house is left an empty, cold thing,
and your soul has been turned into a ruin. do not despair; get up from the floor, dust your clothes.
there are seeds on the upper shelves in the shed. it is a time as good as any to start keeping a garden.

—  poetry for the signs: the “it is okay” edition, L. Schreiber
2

Chondrosarcoma of the finger as a result of Ollier’s disease. Ollier disease is a rare condition that results in benign intraosseous cartilaginous tumours (called enchondroma) forming near growth plate cartilage. In this particular case the chondrosarcoma (a form of bone cancer) may have resulted from an untreated enchondroma, and ultimately the second finger required amputation.

4-12-17

Aries: “I don’t understand,” they said. But it was quite easy to figure out - The issue was to want to.

Taurus: A small bowl of clear water and a daisy.

Gemini: There is fragment of hope hidden in a jar of bones and crushed quartz.

Cancer: It’s bad business, that is.

Leo: Please give it a bit more time. It’s difficult, but necessary and worth it, for certain.

Virgo: The shadows weep.

Libra: Don’t let the moment slip away. There are enough pleasant memories stashed away in your mind - let this one be reality instead.

Scorpio: Fear of resentment leaves a bad taste in the mouth.

Sagittarius: Lingering on a hope will not change the past.

Capricorn: There are better things out there to put your faith in.

Aquarius: Peach-coloured ribbons for luck.

Pisces: The night is not long and cold - The night is short and filled with the warmth of the day that preceded it.

the signs as things found in the woods

aries : a moss-covered statue of someone who looks eerily familiar

taurus : a small deer with too-intelligent eyes

gemini : a mask made of bone

cancer : a deflated basketball with roots growing from it

leo : a trail of footprints that doesn’t have an ending

virgo : a red light with no apparent source

libra : strange lights leading down a rabbit trail

scorpio : a skeleton of something much bigger than a human

sagittarius : a cave made of twigs with something living inside

capricorn : a rusted chain with a broken padlock beside it

aquarius : an abandoned railroad with thousands of pennies lining the tracks

pisces : a notebook with all of the pages torn out except one

Osteogenic sarcoma of the third metacarpal displaying blastic features.

Osteogenic sarcoma is a bone cancer that primarily affects osteoblasts and occurs most often in teenagers during their growth spurt; the most common sites are the metaphyses of the thigh bone (femur), shin bone (tibia), and arm bone (humerus). Metastases occur most often in lungs; treatment consists of multidrug chemotherapy and removal of the malignant growth, or amputation of limbs.

THE SIGNS AS GURO TROPES
  • Aries: disembowelment
  • Taurus: plant horror
  • Gemini: amputation
  • Cancer: skeletons/bones
  • Leo: evisceration
  • Virgo: cannibalism
  • Libra: eye horror/trauma
  • Scorpio: torture/abuse
  • Sagittarius: cuts/bruises
  • Capricorn: mouth horror/trauma
  • Aquarius: excessive blood
  • Pisces: candy/fruit guro
Control

There is nothing scarier than something that is out of your control..

Like cancer consuming someone you love so dearly and not being able to take the pain away..

It’s these types of situations that make you stop and realise how cruel life can be..

I’m so scared to lose you..

Whether that be soon or in years to come.. Just keep fighting and I will always be here to support you

sadinasaphrite  asked:

I understand you have a long list of these questions, but figured I'd get in line. I want to adopt a retired greyhound racer. What health problems do you see with them? I've also heard they are especially sensitive to anesthesia due to their low body fat. Do you have a protocol you find is particularly safe for them? The rescues have too many conflicting answers. One even claims they never should be put under anesthesia ever, even for dentals, because they "just die!" Which is ridiculous.

Anonymous said: Is it ok to request another breed? If so, greyhounds? Possibly rescue racing hounds if that specification has any problems that pet raised greyhounds dont

and

Anonymous said: Hello! I was wondering if you could (or have already done) a post about greyhounds? Specifically racing-quality ones? I read something earlier that claimed they were a lot healthier than most dogs and I’m wondering if that’s true. Thanks!

and

Anonymous said: Hey there! I noticed you said recently you’d like to see more ex-racing greyhounds as pets - I’m seriously considering adopting one in the future and I was wondering what health issues you see in them? I’ve heard that they can get painful corns on their feet and that you need to be careful about their temperature, but is there anything else you see that a future adopter should be watching for? Question tax: came for the the vet stories, stayed for the refreshingly sensible advice :)

Oh vetlings, I have a lot to say about Greyhounds.

I adore these dogs, and am glad to work with them, but don’t specifically condone organised greyhound racing. Most of these dogs like to run, I would have no problem with them running around a track casually for fun, but once prize-money is involved it becomes too tempting to push limits, to cheat, to cut corners, to overbreed, and this leads to poor welfare outcomes for too many dogs.

Please note the disclaimer that these posts are about the breed from a veterinary viewpoint as seen in clinical practice, i.e. the problems we are faced with. It’s not the be-all and end-all of the breed and is not to make a judgement about whether the breed is right for you. If you are asking for an opinion about these animals in a veterinary setting, that is what you will get. It’s not going to be all sunshine and cupcakes, and is not intended as a personal insult against your favorite breed. This is general advice for what is common, often with a scientific consensus but sometimes based on personal experiences, and is not a guarantee of what your dog is going to encounter in their life.

Also please note that this will be a Long Post.

Originally posted by thegypsycob

General conditions of Greyhounds

Whatever their history all greyhounds have a few things in common. Most of them struggle to sit, they tend to either stand or lie down. Their pain tolerance is interesting, walking in with a broken bone but screaming at a tiny needle prick. They like to feel someone touching their head. There are also a few conditions common to them, regardless of their lifestyle or upbringing. They are one of the very few breeds that I think it’s not an exaggeration to say you benefit from seeing a vet with experience in this breed. We have a lot to get through, so I’ll try to keep the basics fairly short.

Bloat, (Gastric Dilatation Volvulus) is more common in the big males, but can occur in any greyhound due to their deep chest. Delicate, picky eaters seem less at risk.

Greyhounds are generally very athletic, but they can and do develop Dilated Cardiomyopathy. While they have generally reached a reasonable age before developing this condition,

Pannus can affect any greyhound, and this chronic eye condition is generally made worse by UV light exposure. Once diagnosed it’s not too hard to control with medication but it is a long term condition. This is the most likely reason you would see a greyhound wearing doggy sunglasses or ‘Doggles’.

Greyhounds can also get Progressive Retinal Atrophy, which may manifest as ‘night blindness’ first, though this seems to be less common lately.

Greyhounds, perhaps surprisingly for all the raw food they seem to get when racing, have generally poor Dental Health. Despite being big dogs that are generally pretty tolerant, most of them don’t like to chew. They’re delicate chewers and won’t necessarily gnaw a bone.

Speaking of bones, these dogs get Osteosarcoma (Bone cancer) fairly readily. This cancer has a biphasic age pattern. Basically it usually occurs in dogs around 2 years of age, and dogs around 8-10 years of age. It’s all kinds of bad, every time and there’s not much else to say about it, other than the life expectancy is short. I’ve talked about it previously.

Of purely cosmetic concern, greyhounds also commonly develop pattern baldness. Typically the affected areas are the thighs and ventral neck, and there are a few possible reasons for this. It might be genetic, it might be nutritional or stress related, or it might be due to blood vessel compression under due to large muscle groups underneath the skin. This generally bothers the owners more than the dog.

Greyhounds often have thin skin, and while this doesn’t necessarily bother the dogs most of the time it certainly bothers me as the surgeon! Some of these poor dogs will seem to tear themselves open with any little scrape, so be careful of the suture materials you choose. They are prone to pressure sores with poor bandage care too.

And associated with their thin skin, some of these dogs develop “Happy Tail,” which is basically a chronic injury on the tail tip which wont heal because the blessed dog insists on wagging it against solid objects all the time, despite the pain and injury. They can’t help it. They’re too happy, hence the name of the wound. This takes creative bandaging or the occasional partial amputation to fix.

Originally posted by emiliotheexplorer

Conditions associated with Racing

Most greyhounds are reared for the race track and it’s not until later that they’re identified as being 'unsuitable’ for the track. Some greyhounds will be 'retired’ early, before they ever get to run, but many will be retired either with injuries or because they just don’t win. Greyhounds that have been retired due to injury are not necessarily lame, they may have healed well enough to do normal dog activities, just not enough to win races.

Track leg is probably the most common 'racetrack injury’ we see. It’s basically a swelling on the inside of the tibia below the knee, caused by the greyhound continually hitting its hind leg with a front leg as it runs around the track in the same direction all the time. They’re usually not painful, and generally go away when the greyhound is not restricted to always running in a very large circle.

Corns are hard thickenings in the bottom on a footpad, either secondary to trauma, foreign objects (grit) or papilomas. They start out small but grow with time, and are painful. It’s like having a stone in your shoe all the time and many greyhounds will become footsore because of it. Affected greyhounds are often reluctant to walk on harder surfaces, and anti-inflammatories doesn’t seem to make much difference. We treat them by paring them out and waiting patiently.

Grit in foot pads can cause corns, and can cause similar lameness to corns, but will show up on Xrays if you use high enough detail. These are fragments of sand or other foreign objects that have become embedded in the foot pads while running. Greyhounds are particularly lame with this injury and often don’t respond fully to anti-inflammatories. They need surgery to remove these pieces of grit, and the surgery can result in corns.

A Fractured hock, carpus or metacarpal/metatarsal might be a racing career ending injury, but not necessarily a life ending one. Depending on the extent of the fracture the greyhound may have no lameness with a walk or light run, or may end up with a completely fused joint. Generally these dogs are only retired to pet homes if they can still get themselves around pain free.

A Split Webbing is an injury to the web of skin between toes. When this skin tears it’s nearly impossible to get it to heal if both layers are torn, so the recommended technique is to split it all the way to the base of the toes and remove the webbing. This doesn’t seem to bother the dogs at all, and prevents it from re-tearing over and over again as it heals.

Maxillary Fractures are a rare injury of long-nosed dogs who are also klutzes and trip over, slamming their nose into a fence or the ground. This upwards force can fracture the upper jaw, just in front of the canine teeth. These fractures may be non displaced, causing little more than a blood nose and needing pain relief and soft food for a few weeks, or they may be loose and need wiring. They are fairly uncommon overall, but it seems to be greyhounds that get them most.

Associated with racing greyhound husbandry, Neospora infection from raw, infected beef consumption (and similar Toxoplasma from kangaroo or sheep) is more common in greyhounds due to their high prevalence of raw meat being fed. It may present as anything from back pain to blindness, and you can lose whole litters to these parasites.

There are a number of odd Assorted Sports therapy things that greyhounds might be subjected to, from particular lineaments being used, ultrasound therapy, chiropractic treatment or 'seeing the muscle men’, some of the 'treatments’ racing greyhounds are exposed to seem more like hope and witchcraft than medicine. These dogs may also have been supplemented with all sorts of things during their racing days, including iron and B12 as the most common supplements. You don’t necessarily know what a dog has or hasn’t been given in its racing days, but most will be little consequence, if any, after a few months.

Racing greyhounds are also known for a few particular metabolic weirdnesses. Exercise associated heart conditions, exercise associated epilepsy, water diabetes (like a temporary diabetes insipidus), rhabdomyolysis and acidosis are the most well known.

Anaesthesia

Now, this is an interesting difference. Greyhounds are a bit different when it comes to anaesthetics. Most vet students will easily recall that barbituate anaesthetics aren’t recommended in sighthounds due to their proportionally low body fat (and very young or very fat dogs for the same reasons), but greyhounds also seem to have a different liver metabolism that makes handling this class of drugs more difficult. Fortunately there are many other options these days.

The whole 'they die under anaesthesia’ thing is…sort of true. If you put them under anaesthetic when they’re under 24 hours off the race track then they tend to…well… die. But when these dog’s have been at rest for at least 24 hours there doesn’t seem to be a particular increase risk of death specifically.

These dogs are prone to both hypothermia and hyperthermia under anaesthetic, and in life in general.

They are prone to rapid wake ups from anaesthesia, which is not fun when you have a 30kg dog thrashing about and freaking out. For this reason higher premed doses seem to help if you’re using an alfaxalone protocol, medetomedine/butorphanol works well for sedation and we usually use xylazine/ketamine/atropine for orthopaedics. I will not be posting dose rates on this blog, but rest assured greyhounds are perfectly able to have an anaesthetic. They’ve got to get their dental disease treated somehow!

Compared to other breeds

Generally greyhounds are considered pretty healthy. They’re not free of problems, but their common problems are different to common problems in other breeds. Greyhounds have one of the lowest incidences of hip dysplasia in purebred dogs,  and rarely develop the same common structural issues we see in other breeds.

Their blood results are often a little different. A greyhound in racing condition will have a higher PCV, and a pet greyhound may keep this in their retired life. They often have a lower platelet count,  by around 20-25% or so, and may have a relatively low T4. A low T4 can be normal for a greyhound, and hypothyroidism shouldn’t be diagnosed without a TSH level.

They are, in general a little more prone to being clingy or developing separation anxiety. This is generally because most of these dogs are raised in big groups in a kennel situation, and may not get to be truly 'alone’ until they’re in a pet home. Some dogs just need a few weeks of being spoiled with TLC to adjust, some dogs need some pharmaceutical assistance for a while. Some dogs only really relax if they have a companion, but it depends on the individual.

So that is the greyhound breed from a veterinary viewpoint in a nutshell. Some of these points are brief because I only want to give you an overview, but I do recommend vet students spend some time in a greyhound practice, even if you don’t want to work with them or the racing industry, because the musculoskeletal exam of a greyhound is so much more thorough and I understood hocks and carpi much better in greyhounds than I ever did in horses.

Phew, that took a while to write. If you would like to support Dr Ferox’s writing time you can via Patreon for as little as $1 a month!

2

Those of you who know me, know that I do not ask for much. However, I ask that you please pray for my good family friend Morgan, who has been diagnosed with bone cancer in her leg and is currently going through chemo. She’s a HUGE Taylor Swift fan and when she found out I got to meet her at the Nash Secret Sessions, she thought it was so amazing! Her public Facebook giving updates on her condition is: https://m.facebook.com/teammorganfierce/

Morgan is such a fighter and I know the support from this fandom and Taylor would mean the world to her! Love you all<3

2

Osteopoikilosis, or spotted bone, is a rare autosomal dominant bone disorder of unknown pathology seen incidentally on X-rays. It was initially described by Albers-Schonberg and Ledoux-Lebard and associates in the year 1915. It is usually detected as an incidental finding in X-rays taken for other conditions. There are multiple small (2–10 mm) well circumscribed round or oval areas of increased bone density widely distributed in periarticular areas. The distribution is symmetrical. It develops in childhood and persists throughout life. There is predilection for the epiphysis and metaphysis of the long tubular bones, carpus, tarsus, pelvis and scapula. Lesions of the spine, skull, ribs and scapula are rare. It should be differentiated from osteoblastic bone metastasis, osteopathia striata, melorheostosis and tuberous sclerosis. The oval lesions of osteopoikilosis are often oriented with their long axis parallel to the shafts of tubular bones.

It is usually asymptomatic, but in 15–20% of patients there may be slight articular pain and joint effusions.

2

Zahra Baker was born on the 16th of November, 1999, to Emily Dietrich and Adam Baker. The young family lived in Wagga Wagga, Australia. Unfortunately, following the arrival of their baby girl, Emily fell into postpartum depression. Unable to cope, Emily and Adam split up and Emily granted full custody to Adam. When Zahra was just 6-years-old, she was diagnosed with bone cancer which meant she had to get her leg amputated. The cancer then spread to her lungs and eventually led to hearing issues. As a result, she had to wear hearing aids. Nevertheless, she was a lively and happy little kid that never let her ailments deter her or put her down.

Adam and Zahra moved to Queensland and Adam struck up an online relationship with Elisa Fairchild. Elisa had already been married 6 times but desperately wanted to marry Adam. He packed up his belongings and moved himself and Zahra to North Carolina in 2008 after the couple travelled back and forth to see one another. Initially, Zahra was enrolled at a public school in Hickory where the couple lived. However, she was soon taken out of school and reportedly homeschooled. Nobody knows for sure how genuine this homeschooling was. Zahra was constantly seen with bruising, lacerations, and black eyes. As it later transpired, Elisa had been investigated by child services on multiple occasions regarding her own biological children from previous marriages. Child services visited the home several times but never once thought to investigate any further. Before being taken out of school, several teachers had reported the evident abuse of Zahra. Soon, it would be too late.

On the 9th of October, 2010, Elisa called 911 to report a fire at the back of the residence. When firefighters arrived, they discovered it was Adam’s car that was on fire. Later on in the same afternoon, Adam called 911 once again to report Zahra missing. He told the dispatcher that inside his burnt out car, he found a ransom note demanding $1 million. The couple were suspicious from the onset. A cadaver dog gave positive alerts to the smell of human remains in both Elisa and Adam’s cars. In addition, police discovered blood inside the cars. Elisa’s aunt told authorities that Elisa told her Zahra had been sick for 2 weeks and then died from the sickness. She confessed that she and Adam then dismembered Zahra and hid the remains. Elisa later told police that it was just Adam who dismembered his daughter.

With her ever-changing story, Elisa finally agreed to direct police to where they could find Zahra’s remains. In separate locations in Catawba County and Caldwell County, police found the scattered remains. In a dumpster behind an apartment block, they found her prosthetic leg. Her skull was eventually recovered in 2012. An investigation revealed that Elisa’s cell phone had pinged to cell phone towers along the location that Zahra’s remains were found. However, Adam’s phone had pinged to cell phone towers miles away at the same time, leading police to believe his claims that he was not involved. Elisa pleaded guilty to murder and was sentenced to 18 years in prison.

Franz Kafka for the Signs
  • Aries: "Nothing holds me. Let me say that I myself have torn myself to shreds."
  • Taurus: "Last night I dreamed about you. What happened in detail I can hardly remember; all I know is that we kept merging into one another. I was you, you were me. Finally you somehow caught fire."
  • Gemini: "I’m always trying to convey something that can’t be conveyed…to explain something inexplicable, to tell about something I only feel in my bones…"
  • Cancer: "I need all the time and a thousand times more than all the time and if possible all the time that exists, for you, to think of you, to breathe in you."
  • Leo: "By believing passionately in something that still does not exist, we create it. The nonexistent is whatever we have not sufficiently desired."
  • Virgo: "By your side I’m most quiet and most unquiet, most inhibited and most free."
  • Libra: "I mustn’t look at you too much, or I won’t be able to take my eyes off you at all."
  • Scorpio: "I never wish to be easily defined."
  • Sagittarius: "Once I enjoy a person, that joy knows no bounds."
  • Capricorn: "I am not actually tired, but numb and heavy, and can’t find the right words. All I can say is: Stay with me, don’t leave me."
  • Aquarius: "Don’t despair, not even over the fact that you don’t despair. Just when everything seems over with, new forces come marching up, and precisely that means that you are alive. And if they don’t, then everything is over with here, once and for all."
  • Pisces: "Please, consider me a dream."
Voltron SDCC Panel Updates

SEASON 3 HAS 7 EPISODES
SEASON 4 WILL BE DROPPED IN OCTOBER.

(Note: these updates are the summed up version of the live blog. I will not be covering the episode. Just know there’s Lotor and angsty emo Keith.)

-Team dynamic is a mess without Shiro
-The Holt’s dog’s name was changed to Bae Bae after a dog that was at the VA studio where they worked died of bone cancer. It is in honor of that dog who they loved very much.
-Withholding Keith’s ethnicity for now. We still only have the Galra half revealed.
-Lance is the youngest, taking care of his older siblings nieces and nephews. (They also added in he’s well rounded and a little spoiled according to the live blog)
-Hunk’s real name is Gordon Ramsey

TRAILER TIME
-Keith: “you want me to lead Voltron? This is how I lead.”
-We see the black lion in action
-Allura looking at the blue lion
-LADY GALRA GENERALS
-voltron formed
-a shot of shiro’s eyes opening at the end

This is an example of a skull with Osteosarcoma. Osteosarcoma, or bone cancer, starts in growing bone cells, called osteoblasts, and results in abnormal bone growths. About 8% of osteosarcomas happen on the cranium, more often it occurs in the arm and leg bones. Because Osteosarcoma forms while bones are growing, it is most common in children and young adults.