Body-mass-index

Nine Odd Tricks to Maximize Your Weight Gain

Hello gainers of all shapes and sizes. Today’s post is about tricks you can use to maximize your weight gain. From lighting to subliminal messaging to your plate size and color, I’m going to teach you how to trick yourself into getting fat. This post makes references to psychological, chemical, biological and historical studies, all impacting weight gain, and makes it easy to digest. Let’s get right into it!

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This is really important to me- I want to reach the “healthy” category!

Want to know your BMI? Either look at the chart above ^^

Or calculate it:

BMI=[(Weight in pds) / (height in inches X height in inches)] x703

BMI = [(Weight in Kilograms) / ( Height in Meters x Height in Meters )]

According to NIH:

Underweight = <18.5

Normal weight = 18.5–24.9

Overweight = 25–29.9

Obesity = BMI of 30 or greater

According to the British newspaper the Evening Standard the BMI of an average model is 16 (also considered starvation according to the World Health Organization) 

Today is World Sleep Day, so be sure to get in 7-8 hours of solid slumber tonight (and every night, really). Before you hit the hay, consider a nutritious, veggie-rich pasta dish with lean protein for dinner. Need inspiration? Check out our delicious casarecce with sword fish and eggplant recipe. Research suggests that adherence to a Mediterranean-style diet may be associated with healthier weight status and more, better-quality sleep.

So, if you eat better, you’ll sleep better—and probably feel better overall. And who doesn’t want that?

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anonymous asked:

Hi! When creating characters I often have a problem finding the correct weight for the character's height / build— which results in me usually just searching up a body mass index or etc. Any tips on how to choose a weight that suits your character's muscle and height? Thank you!

Just a general note, not just for your but for everyone describing weight:

The thing to keep in mind about describing/writing about weight is that body types can be incredibly different. Different people carry fat or muscle differently, and I think it’s really difficult to establish a standard for any particular height. Two people of the same height can be different weights and still be healthy, for example. There are a lot of factors that go into “weight” and how it’s interpreted or shown on the body.

Anyway, I looked into it, and from what I found, a lot of people favor this site here. It lists weights for small, medium, and large frames at different heights. 

The thread on which I found that site had some interesting discourse on looking at a character’s weight.

Another great resource is this other site here, which shows photos of actual people at different weights/heights so you can get an idea of what it might look like in reality. 

Less to do with weight, but the height comparison tool is just really fun to play with. 

I hope this helps!

~Penemue

From non-binary to gender critical

So, not many of you know this, but from about mid-2015 to early 2016 I identified as non-binary. Now there are a couple of reasons I did so.

1. Anorexia screwed with my hormones. When males are underweight (in my case 48kg at my lowest, with a Body Mass Index of 15), their testosterone level drops dramatically, which messes with the balance of testosterone and oestrogen in the male body. However, with still higher testosterone than a female body, it left me with something in between; not quite ‘female’ and not quite ‘male’ (even though I was, still am, and always will be very much male). It’s really, really hard to explain. However, this was about 5% of the reason.

2. The other 95% is because I felt I had to. The discourse around the LGBT+ community right now perpetuates harmful gender stereotypes. I, however, break societal norms as a gender non-conforming (GNC) man. For a boy like me - who loves flower crowns, flowers, dancing, baking, makeup and other traditionally ‘feminine’ things, and who is kind, gentle, curious, caring and loving, and who even looks ‘feminine’ - the label of ‘masculine’ doesn’t fit me. I didn’t fit the stereotype put forward by toxic masculinity, therefore I couldn’t be a ‘man’. So I turned to the LGBT+ community. What did I get? I got “No, you’re not a man, you must be non-binary!” To them, I didn’t fit the traditional gender stereotypes, therefore I wasn’t a man, and I could identify out of being one. Not only that, but I also have quite severe body dysmorphic disorder. People in the libfem and trans community told me that this is body dysphoria (it is not).

There is an immense amount of pressure put on GNC men and women (particularly on GNC lesbians and gay men) to identify out of being lesbians and gay men. Society can’t handle us, and apparently neither can our own community. How about that, our own community can’t handle a butch lesbian or a fem gay man, so they want us to identify out of it.

I could have identified as non-binary for the rest of my life, but I have my friend and radical feminism to thank for snapping me out of this delusion. My friend is a de-transitioned lesbian radical feminist, and she told me something I had trouble dealing with. Gender and gender stereotypes are bullshit. I am masculine because I’m a man. The notions of masculinity enforced by the patriarchy - and upheld by liberal feminism - don’t mean anything. My masculinity involves wearing makeup, dancing, baking, kindness, gentleness and everything that is me. She taught me that it is up to GNC men and women to reject the categories that society tries to force us into, to stand up and say no, we are masculine/feminine, nothing that anyone can say will ever take that away from us, and that traditional notions of masculinity and femininity are bullshit.

This really did help me, and it made me realise just how much liberal feminism has become a tool of the patriarchy to uphold oppressive gender stereotypes.

Not only this, but the whole ‘non-binary’ category allows people to attempt to identify out of privilege. You can be heterosexual, rich, white, male and masculine presenting, but if you decide to identify as non-binary, you suddenly become oppressed. 

There is no doubt in my mind that people, whether it be on a conscious or subconscious level, do this. How many times has a man (sorry, non-binary person) - who is heterosexual, white and masculine presenting - told you that he’s more oppressed than you on the basis of his gender? For the women out there, how many times has he said that you benefit from being women while he doesn’t benefit because he’s ‘non-binary’. It’s happened to me, and the man in question had a full beard and a man-bun.

The question is, if you have to continually keep telling people how oppressed you are, who are you really trying to convince?

I hope a GNC gay man or lesbian out there reads this. If you are one of these people reading this, I want you to know that you matter and you are valid. Your identity is yours, and don’t let anyone take that away from you.

New genetic roots for intelligence discovered

Intelligence is one of the most investigated traits in humans and higher intelligence is associated with important economic and health-related life outcomes. Despite high heritability estimates of 45% in childhood and 80% in adulthood, only a handful of genes had previously been associated with intelligence and for most of these genes the findings were not reliable. The study, published in the journal Nature Genetics, uncovered 52 genes for intelligence, of which 40 were completely new discoveries. Most of these genes are predominantly expressed in brain tissue.

“These results are very exciting as they provide very robust associations with intelligence. The genes we detect are involved in the regulation of cell development, and are specifically important in synapse formation, axon guidance and neuronal differentiation. These findings for the first time provide clear clues towards the underlying biological mechanisms of intelligence,” says Danielle Posthuma, Principal Investigator of the study.

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For 10 weeks, Mark Haub, a professor of human nutrition at Kansas State University, ate one of these sugary cakelets every three hours, instead of meals. To add variety in his steady stream of Hostess and Little Debbie snacks, Haub munched on Doritos chips, sugary cereals and Oreos, too. Source

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bbc.com
France bans extremely thin models
A law in France banning the use of unhealthily thin fashion models has come into effect.

Models will need to provide a doctor’s certificate attesting to their overall physical health, with special regard to their body mass index (BMI) - a measure of weight in relation to height.

The health ministry says the aim is to fight eating disorders and inaccessible ideals of beauty.

Digitally altered photos will also have to be labelled from 1 October.

Images where a model’s appearance has been manipulated will need to be marked photographie retouchée (English: retouched photograph).

A previous version of the bill had suggested a minimum BMI for models, prompting protests from modelling agencies in France.

But the final version, backed by MPs 2015, allows doctors to decide whether a model is too thin by taking into account their weight, age, and body shape.

Employers breaking the law could face fines of up to 75,000 euros (£63,500; $82,000) and up to six months in jail.

“Exposing young people to normative and unrealistic images of bodies leads to a sense of self-depreciation and poor self-esteem that can impact health-related behaviour,” said France’s Minister of Social Affairs and Health, Marisol Touraine, in a statement on Friday, French media report.

France is not the first country to legislate on underweight models - Italy, Spain and Israel have all done so.

Anorexia affects between 30,000 to 40,000 people in France, 90% of whom are women.

Why being vegan is best for everyone

55% Reduced chance of high blood pressure with a plant-based diet.

32% Reduced risk of heart disease risk with a plant-based diet.

23% Reduced risk of stomach cancer with a plant-based diet.

-5 - Average reduction in Body Mass Index for vegans compared with omnivores.

3.6 Additional years of life for people who eat very little meat compared to those who eat it often.

320 - Number of miles driven saved for each burger you don’t eat.

91 Billion - Number of miles saved if everyone in the USA ate no meat or cheese one day a week for a year.

4 - Eating vegan for four days a week is the carbon-savings equivalent of three months with no car for a family of four.

1,811 - Increase in gallons of water needed to produce a pound of beef vs. a pound of veggies.

0.5 -Amount by which you would cut your carbon footprint if you ate half the amount of meat the average American does.

I don’t know if anyone else is interested in that sorta stuff but

when I read Dylan’s autopsy report for the first time, since I am a bit crazy and have an ED, I went to calculate Dylan’s BMI (body mass index).

Even for someone in his late teens, Dylan was underweight with a BMI of 18.1. 

I wonder if it was the awkward teenhood-growing kinda inbalance that caused him to be a bit too skinny, or if he underate because of his depression, or actually maybe had an eating problem too? It made me quite curious.

If I had to guess I would say the dramatic weightloss happened in the weeks shortly before NBK, as in the older videos Dylan is very skinny but also still muscular and not looking underweight.

Eric’s weight wasn’t stated, so I couldn’t calculate his.

Why You Shouldn’t Stop Exercising

We’ve all experienced this before: you start a new workout regimen, follow it for several weeks (or months), and then suddenly stop. Maybe you get bored of exercising, or perhaps you start a new job. While quitting your exercise routine may seem harmless enough, new research shows that it can negatively effect your health.

According to a study conducted by researchers from the University of Liverpool, just two weeks of a sedentary lifestyle with little-to-no physical activity can lead to muscular and metabolic changes, some of which could increase a person’s risk of developing diabetes, heart disease and even premature death.

For the study, researchers recruited 28 men and women with an average age of 25. The participants had an average body mass index (BMI) of 25, which is somewhere in the middle of a healthy weight and being obese.

At the beginning of the study, researchers measured the participants’ body fat and body mass, as well as their mitochondrial function and overall levels of physical activity. Next, researchers asked the participants to wear a fitness tracker device for two weeks, while also reducing their daily activity by 80%. The participants were further told to remain on their current diet without making any sudden or significant changes to what they ate.

So, what did researchers find? Researchers found that participants who stopped exercising for two weeks had gained the most weight and lost the most muscle mass. Additionally, their total body fat had also increased. Researchers found that participants who stopped exercising for two weeks had particularly high levels of body fat around their stomach, which of course is a key risk factor of obesity and other chronic diseases.

The problems didn’t end there, however. Researchers also found that participants who stopped exercising experienced a decrease in insulin sensitivity.

“We thought that we would see some subtle changes,” said co-author Dan Cuthbertson, PhD, reader and consultant for the University of Liverpool’s Institute of Ageing and Chronic Disease. “But when everything you measure gets worse in such a short time period, including these important risk factors for heart disease and type 2 diabetes, it is actually quite surprising.”

As you can see, stopping exercising – even for just two weeks – can have a profound effect on your health. It decreases muscle mass, increases fat, and places you at a greater risk of developing chronic disease and illness.

The good news is that you can avoid these problems by staying active. There’s nothing wrong with taking a day off, but you shouldn’t stop exercising for longer than a week. The only exception is when you are physically injured, in which case you should follow your doctor’s advice while allowing yourself ample time to rest and recover.

lookhowstuffworks  asked:

Do you have any information about body mass index? I heard somewhere that BMI is not as trustworthy regarding the correlation on weight and health, or it shouldn't be considered as a main guideline on every case. What I see is that people use BMI as argument to indicate that someone needs to lose weight. For me it seems as a easy way to convince and harass someone into go on diet. Does it make sense?

The Body Mass Index is a ratio of a person’s height and weight, and it was originally designed to estimate the rations that armies would need when they were on campaign. It was never intended to be used as a measure of individual health. Yet today, it is used for exactly that purpose, despite the fact that it is a terrible predictor of “health.”

For example, in one recent study examining the validity of the BMI for predicting cadiometabolic health, it was observed that about 30% of so-called “normal weight” people are “unhealthy” whereas about 50% of so-called “overweight” people are “healthy”. Thus, using the BMI as an indicator of health results in the misclassification of some 75 million people in the United States alone.

Despite all of this, health organizations continue to instruct doctors to monitor their patients’ BMI.  For example, about a year ago a health task-force funded by the Canadian government issued a report recommending that doctors monitor their patients’ weight and height and calculate their BMI every time they visit the doctor for any reason at all. Even though they acknowledged that there was absolutely no evidence that such a policy would do any good what-so-ever.

Even worse, the BMI is biased such that poor women are more likely to be categorized as “obese” than wealthy women. If you were to compare two women of the same weight, one rich and one poor, the poor women would have a higher BMI. Why? Because poor women tend to be shorter than wealthy women and the BMI is biased to yield a higher score for shorter people! Although a 1% increase in weight yields a 1% increase in BMI score, a 1% decrease in height yields a 2% increase in BMI score. So in addition to being an invalid measure of health, the BMI is also a tool of health-based oppression.

So yeah. The use of the BMI as a measure of “health” is awful in about every way possible. 

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The legislation will require all models applying for jobs in the country to provide a medical certificate by a professional that proves their health and Body Mass Index (BMI) are appropriate based on their weight, age and body shape. Any employer who breaks it could land themselves in prison for up to six months and pay a fine of 75,000 Euros (or around $81,000). [via]

Study says pasta can help you lose weight. Really.

According to a new study published in Nutrition and Diabetes, pasta won’t put on the pounds. Study author George Pounis said in a press release, “Our data show that enjoying pasta according to individuals’ needs contributes to a healthy body mass index, lower waist circumference and better waist-hip ratio.“ So, what’s the catch? The pasta was part of a specific type of diet.

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