…is a unique species of “giant cockroach” (Blabridae) which has been collected around the Tungurahua volcano in Ecuador. Lucihormetica luckae is noted among cockroaches for its ability to bioluminesce via two spots on its back carapace which are inhabited by bioluminescent bacteria. It is though that this ability evolved to mimic the appearance of the toxic click beetles of the genus Pyrophorus. It is also though that L. luckae might be the first known species to use bioluminescence as a form of defensive mimicry.
Hey look, it’s Euzosteria subverrucosa, one of my favorite native roaches. I’ve only seen them twice before, in Piara Waters, in Banksia scrub, and in Hammond Park, near Casuarina scrub. This one was in dunes at Secret Harbour. Isn’t she a cutie.
Cockroaches are possibly the most despised of all insects. Just hearing the word disgusts most people, but the truth is out of the thousands of known species only four are common pests. These are the American, German, Oriental, and Asian Cockroaches.
Despite what most people think I find cockroaches to be fascinating and intriguing insects. They have adapted to almost every habitat on Earth. While most people are only familiar with the fairly unassuming brown pest species there are many bright, colorful, and beautifully patterned species. Many people even keep cockroaches as pets, Madagascar Hissing Roaches being the most common.
Cockroaches are part of the superorder Dictyoptera with their close relatives the mantids and termites. The similarities between roaches and mantids can be seen in the triangular heads and laying of oothecas. Recent DNA testing has led some people to consider termites to be part of the order Blattodea with the cockroaches because of the very close similarities with wood-eating roaches in the Cryptocercus genus.
Also known as the Table Mountain Cockroach or the Giant Cockroach, the Cape Mountain Cockroach is a species of blaberid cockroach that is native to the Fynbos biome of the Western Cape region of South Africa. True to one of its common names A. fusca is quite large with adult females growing to around 30-40 mm (1.2-1.6 in) long, and males growing to around 29 mm (1.1 in) long. Cape mountain cockroaches are typically active at night and are herbivores. Unusually A. ptera gives birth to 18-25 live offspring and will protect their young for a while after giving birth.
I have a confession to make: I am a bug racist. Having lived in a big apartment building in Boston for many years as a grad student, seeing any roach-like creature causes a visceral reaction in me, about 90% grossed-out-ickiness and 10% nausea. Which really isn’t fair, since the cockroaches that infest urban households are just a few of many species and genera of roaches, most of which stay outside. Thank goodness.
Anyway, here’s a female wood roach, genus Parcoblatta I believe, that was hanging around my stairs. Totally harmless. The colors are kind of cool to look at. But still. *shiver*
This is a special BotD for coleopteragirl on tumblr (sorry, not a Blattid, but the best roach I could find!). And because I know a lot of you, like me, are not roach fans, there’s a bonus beetle chaser coming up soon…:-)
Also known as the Cuban cockroach, the green banana cockaroach is a colorful species of cockroach native to Cuba, The Caribbean and parts of the southern United States. Green banana cockroaches are usually found outdoors and inhabit shrubbery, trees and other plants. They are strong fliers and are mainly active at night, and are usually attracted to bright lights. Banana cockroaches are often kept as pets due to their unique green color.
…a species of Ectobiid cockroach which occurs in south central and south eastern North America and Central America. Pale-bordered cockroaches are active mainly from May to August and typically inhabit low-growing herbaceous vegetation and will occasionally visit flowers. Adults will feed on sap and flowers, and interestingly are not attracted to lights.
The Half-banded Shining Cockroach Drymaplaneta semivitta, a common species, native to South-eastern and South-western Australia, and accidentally introduced to New Zealand.
A harmless species that lives among mulch or sometimes inside walls, and frequently wanders into houses. This one was hiding inside the joint of a bookshelf I was dismantling. Isn’t he, or she, wonderfully shiny and flat.