Kingdom Hearts ~ For Beginners

This is the ultimate sign post for people who are just getting into the Kingdom Hearts series.  We’ll go through all the games, the order you should play them, and the important parts of each one.  No spoilers.

First and foremost: Why play Kingdom Hearts?

No one will be able to explain this better than Casen Sperry in this video :
(Please do not click the video link unless you are outright against playing this series and need some solid convincing.  There are minor KH1 spoilers.)

“Kingdom Hearts may not seem appealing to anyone over the age of twelve, but its deep storyline, beautiful soundtrack, innovative battle system, and heartfelt characters make playing this game an immersive and unforgettable experience.

The parallels between the player and Sora himself are what make it so easy to connect to this game.  We want to explore other worlds.  We want to help people.  We welcome people we don’t know into our hearts.

There’s a separate criteria than just the objective ‘was a game technically good or not’. The additional criteria involves the immeasurable.  How can you measure an emotional connection or a relationship?  I use words like ‘powerful’ and ‘beautiful’ to describe things I find difficult to quantify.  What I can quantify, however, is that only a handful of games have ever evoked such a response from me.  Kingdom Hearts is on that list, and I’m willing to bet that whatever your opinion was of the game, you know what I’m referring to.”

If you’re not a huge fan of Disney, please read this post where I explain the relevance of Disney in the franchise and why you don’t necessarily have to be a fan of Disney to be a fan of Kingdom Hearts.

Now that I’ve got you hooked, let’s get into the good stuff!

Keep reading

“Let’s say that since you were little, you always dreamed of getting a lion. And you wait, and you wait, and you wait, and you wait but the lion doesn’t come. And along comes a giraffe. You can be alone, or you can be with the giraffe.”

“I’d wait for the lion.”

“That’s why I worry about you.”

Beginners (2010) dir. Mike Mills

~300 Basic words

funwithlanguages​ made a post about how you can write a lot with around just 300 words , there doesn’t seem to be a Japanese version, so I thought I’d have a go at translating it. This list has some things that just aren’t used in Japanese or that commonly used words don’t exist for (the, a etc). Be careful as I’ve kept the original list in tact, which means some things listed in the adjectives section (’enough’ and ‘too’, for example) are verbs and some verbs (’like’ ‘want’) are adjectives in Japanese, also terms about work, family and counting etc need special attention in Japanese as they are very different from English.

No, I will not transliterate this into romaji, please don’t ask me to. You can learn kana in a weekend, far faster than memorising this word list. If you can’t read this list, go and learn kana then come back to it when you can. Romaji damages your learning and accent development.

If there’s a mistake, please let me know, thanks!

First Verbs

  1. be 居る いる
  2. there is ある
  3. have 持つ もつ
  4. do する
  5. go 行く いく
  6. want 欲しい ほしい (this is an adjective in Japanese)
  7. can できる 
  8. need いる
  9. think 思う おもう
  10. know 知る しる
  11. say 言う いう
  12. like 好き すき (this is an adjective in Japanese)
  13. speak 話す はなす
  14. learn 習う ならう
  15. understand 分かる わかる

Conjunctions
These are really hard to translate!

  1. that (as in “I think that…” or “the woman that…”) expressed using 〜と思います とおもいます or maybe the passive tense ‘(The books that are written in English are over there.’ etc.)
  2. and と
  3. or か
  4. but でも・けど
  5. because から
  6. though でも
  7. so (meaning “therefore”; e.g. “I wanted it, so I bought it”) から
  8. if なら

Prepositions

  1. of の
  2. to に
  3. from から
  4. in なか
  5. at (a place) で
  6. at (a time) に
  7. with と
  8. about くらい
  9. like (meaning “similar to”) みたい
  10. for (warning, this one has several meanings that you need to take care of) ため (for the purpose of~) ・につき (for/ per e.g. ~yen for one hour)・particles の, に and で are commonly used to cover many other uses of for, but need to be checked on a case by cases basis.
  11. before (also as a conjunction) 〜の前に 〜のまえに
  12. after (also as a conjunction) 〜の後で 〜のあとで
  13. during 中 ちゅう

Question Words

  1. who 誰 だれ
  2. what 何 なに
  3. where どこ
  4. when いつ
  5. why なぜ
  6. how どう
  7. how much いくら・いくつ
  8. which どちら

Adverbs

  1. a lot 多い おおい
  2. a little 少しい すこしい
  3. well 上手 じょうず
  4. badly 下手 へた
  5. only だけ
  6. also 又 また
  7. very とても
  8. too (as in “too tall”) 過ぎる すぎる
  9. too much 過ぎる すぎる
  10. so (as in “so tall”) そんなに
  11. so much そんなに
  12. more (know how to say “more … than …”) Grammatical comparative construction AのほうがBより is used when A is the thing that is more
  13. less (know how to say “less … than …”) Grammatical comparative construction AのほうがBより is used when B is the thing that is less
  14. as … as … (e.g. “as tall as”) You can use 〜のような grammar to express this, ほど can also be used
  15. most 最も もっとも
  16. least 最低 さいてい
  17. better Grammatical comparative construction AのほうがBより is used
  18. best 一番いい いちばんいい
  19. worse Grammatical comparative construction AのほうがBより is used
  20. worst 一番最悪 いちばんさいあく
  21. now 今 いま
  22. then その時 そのとき
  23. here ここ
  24. there あそこ
  25. maybe 多分 たぶん
  26. always いつも
  27. usually 大抵 たいてい
  28. often よく
  29. sometimes 時々 ときどき
  30. never 全然 ぜんぜん
  31. today 今日 きょう
  32. yesterday 昨日 きのう
  33. tomorrow 明日 あした
  34. soon もう直ぐ もうすぐ
  35. almost ほとんど
  36. already もう
  37. still まだ
  38. even それでも (even if)
  39. enough 足りる たりる

Adjectives

  1. the, a (technically articles) this doesn’t exist in Japanese
  2. this この
  3. that あの
  4. good 良い よい
  5. bad 悪い わるい
  6. all 全部 ぜんぶ
  7. some 幾つか いくつか
  8. no 何にも なんにも (as in 何にもないです ‘There are none there’)
  9. any 何でも なんでも (as in なんでも良いです ‘any one is ok’)
  10. many たくさん
  11. few 少ない すくない
  12. most  一番〜 いちばん〜
  13. other 別 べつ
  14. same 同じ おなじ
  15. different 違う ちがう
  16. enough 足りる たりる
  17. one 一つ ひとつ・一 いち
  18. two 二つ ふたつ・二 に (counting in Japanese is very complex, you need to research this issue if you are a beginner)
  19. a few 少し すこし
  20. first 一番 いちばん
  21. next 次 つぎ
  22. last (meaning “past”, e.g. “last Friday”)  先 せん
  23. last (meaning “final”) 最後の さいごの
  24. easy 簡単 かんたん
  25. hard 難しい むずかしい
  26. early 早い はやい
  27. late 遅い おそい
  28. important 大事 だいじ
  29. interesting 面白い おもしろい
  30. fun 楽しい たのしい
  31. boring たくつ
  32. beautiful 美しい うつくしい
  33. big 大きい おおきい
  34. small 小さい ちいさい
  35. happy 嬉しい うれしい
  36. sad 悲しい かなしい
  37. busy 忙しい いそがしい
  38. excited ワクワクする 
  39. tired 疲れる つかれ 
  40. ready 準備 じゅんび
  41. favorite 大好き だいすき
  42. new 新しい あたらしい
  43. right (meaning “correct”) 正しい ただしい
  44. wrong 間違える まちがえる
  45. true 真の〜 しんの〜

Pronouns

Know them in the subject (“I”), direct object (“me”), indirect object (“to me”), and possessive (“my”) forms.

  1. I 私 わたし
  2. you あなた
  3. she 彼女 かのじょ
  4. he 彼 かれ
  5. it typically それ is used, which means ‘that’, this is hard to translate
  6. we 私達 わたしたち
  7. you (plural) あなたたち
  8. they 彼ら かれら

Nouns

If your language has grammatical gender, then learn each noun as “the [noun]” with “the” in the correct gender. (e.g. in Spanish, instead of learning language = “idioma”, learn language = “el idioma”.) This will help you remember the gender.

  1. everything 全て すべて
  2. something 何か なにか
  3. nothing 何にも なにも
  4. everyone  みんな
  5. someone 誰か だれか
  6. no one 誰も だれも
  7. (name of the language you’re studying) 日本語 にほんご
  8. English 英語 えいご
  9. thing 物 もの
  10. person 人 ひと
  11. place 所 ところ
  12. time (as in “a long time”) 時間 じかん
  13. time (as in “I did it 3 times”) 回 かい
  14. friend 友達 ともだち
  15. woman 女の人 おんなのひと
  16. man 男の人 おとこのひと
  17. money お金 おかね
  18. country 日本 にほん
  19. (name of your home country) イギリス
  20. city 市 し
  21. language 言葉 ことば
  22. word 単語 たんご
  23. food 食べ物 たべもの
  24. house 家 いえ
  25. store 店 みせ
  26. office 事務所 じむしょ
  27. company 会社 かいしゃ
  28. manager 主事 しゅじ(this is very sensitive to hierarchical language changes this is a complex issue in Japanese)
  29. coworker 同僚 どうりょう
  30. job 仕事 しごと
  31. work (as in “I have a lot of work to do”) 仕事 しごと
  32. problem 問題 もんだい
  33. question 質問 しつもん
  34. idea 考え かんがえ
  35. life 人生 じんせい
  36. world 世界 せかい
  37. day 日 ひ
  38. year 年 ねん
  39. week 週 しゅう
  40. month 月 つき
  41. hour 時 じ
  42. mother, father, parent 母 はは (my mum) お母さん おかあさん (your mother)・ 父 ちち (my dad) お父さん おとうさん (your father)・ 両親 りょうしん (parents) (this is very sensitive to hierarchical language changes this is a complex issue in Japanese)
  43. daughter, son, child 娘 むすめ (my daughter)・息子 むすこ (my son) ・子供 こども (this is very sensitive to hierarchical language changes this is a complex issue in Japanese)
  44. wife, husband 妻 つま (my wife) 奥さん おくさん (your wife)・夫 おっと (my husband) ご主人 ごしゅじん (your husband) (this is very sensitive to hierarchical language changes this is a complex issue in Japanese)
  45. girlfriend, boyfriend 彼女 かのじょ・彼氏 かれし

More Verbs

  1. work (as in a person working) 働く はたらく
  2. work (meaning “to function”, e.g. “the TV works”) 動く うごく
  3. see 見る みる
  4. use 使う つかう
  5. should べき
  6. believe 信じる しんじる
  7. practice 練習する れんしゅうする
  8. seem みたい
  9. come 来る くる
  10. leave 出る でる
  11. return 帰る かえる
  12. give 上げる あげる
  13. take 取る とる
  14. bring 持って来る もってくる
  15. look for 探す さがす
  16. find 見つける みつける
  17. get (meaning “obtain”) もらう
  18. receive もらう・くれる
  19. buy 買う かう
  20. try 〜てみる (this is a grammatical construction)
  21. start 始める はじめる
  22. stop (doing something) 止める やめる
  23. finish 終わる おわる
  24. continue 続く つづく
  25. wake up 起きる おきる
  26. get up 起きる おきる
  27. eat 食べる たべる
  28. eat breakfast (in several languages, this is a verb) 朝ごはんを食べる あさごはんをたべる
  29. eat lunch 昼ごはんを食べる ひるごはんをたべる
  30. eat dinner 晩御飯を食べる ばんごはんをたべる
  31. happen 起こる おこる
  32. feel 感じる かんじる
  33. create (aka “make”) 作る つくる
  34. cause (aka “make”) indicated using the passive, causative or causative-passive tenses 
  35. meet (meeting someone for the first time) 会う あう
  36. meet (meaning “to bump into”) 打つかる ぶつかる
  37. meet (an arranged meeting) 会う あう
  38. ask (a question) 聞く きく
  39. ask for (aka “request”) 頼む たのむ
  40. wonder expressed using だろう or かな at the end of sentences
  41. reply 返事する へんじする
  42. mean 意味 いみ (noun)
  43. read 読む よむ
  44. write 書く かく
  45. listen 聞く きく
  46. hear 聞く きく
  47. remember 覚える おぼえる
  48. forget 忘れる わすれる
  49. choose 選ぶ えらぶ
  50. decide 決める きめる
  51. be born 生まれる うまれる
  52. die 死ぬ しぬ
  53. kill 殺す ころす
  54. live 生きる いきる (to live/exist)・住む すむ(to live/reside in a place)
  55. stay 泊まる とまる
  56. change 変わる かわる
  57. help 助ける たすける
  58. send 送る おくる
  59. study 勉強する べんきょうする
  60. improve 磨く みがく
  61. hope 希望する きぼうする
  62. care 世話する せわする (take care of)

Phrases

  1. hello こんにちは
  2. goodbye じゃあまたね・さよなら
  3. thank you ありがとう
  4. you’re welcome どういたしまして
  5. excuse me (to get someone’s attention) すみません
  6. sorry ごめんなさい
  7. it’s fine (response to an apology) とんでもないです
  8. please おねがいします・ください
  9. yes はい
  10. no いいえ
  11. okay 大丈夫です
  12. My name is 私の名前は〜です。 わたしのなまえは〜です。
  13. What’s your name? お名前は? おなまえは?
  14. Nice to meet you. 初めまして はじめまして (said before anything else in an introduction)
  15. How are you? お元気ですか? おげんきですか?
  16. I’m doing well, how about you? 私は元気です、あなたは? わたしはげんきです、あなたは?
  17. Sorry? / What? (if you didn’t hear something) すみません?(use a rising intonation to indicate this is a question)
  18. How do you say ______? 〜は日本語で何と言いますか? 〜はにほんごでなんといいますか?
  19. What does ______ mean? 〜はどういう意味ですか? 〜はどういういみですか?
  20. I don’t understand. 分かりません わかりません
  21. Could you repeat that? もう一度お願いします もういちどおねがいします
  22. Could you speak more slowly, please? もっとゆっくり話して下さい もっとゆっくりはなしてください
  23. Well (as in “well, I think…”) まあ
  24. Really? 本当に? ほんとうに?
  25. I guess that 〜かもしれない。
  26. It’s hot. (talking about the weather) 暑いですね! あついですね! 
  27. It’s cold. (talking about the weather) 寒いですね! さむいですね!

Now that you’ve learned the 300 basic words, how do you learn more? I suggest practicing writing.