Protest on September 11 (national day of Catalonia), 1977, demanding the amnesty for political prisoners and a Statute of Autonomy
for Catalonia under the motto “llibertat, amnistia, estatut d’autonomia!” (liberty, amnesty, statue of autonomy!” in Catalan).
It was the first authorized protest in Barcelona after the death of the fascist dictator Franco, who had prohibited all manifestations of Catalan language, culture and identity.
To celebrate May 1st/International Workers Day, I’ll explain a bit about this famous photography.
This picture was taken by Hans Guttmann (also known as Juan Guzmán) on the 21st of July, 1936, at the beginning of the Spanish Civil War, at the top of Hotel Colón in Barcelona, Catalonia.
The girl is Marina Ginestà i Coloma (January 29 1919 - January 6 2014), at the moment aged 17. She was an antifascist militian, journalist, and translator. After this picture, she never held a gun again. Instead, she helped by translating international news and books, writing in newspapers, and by being a correspondent for foreign newspapers.
She was captured in Alicant, and moved to a concentration camp. After some weeks, she was liberated and escaped with her boyfriend to France, but he died while trying to cross the Pyrinees. In France, Marina found her family and all of them were taken to the internment camps of Argelès-sur-mer and Agde. When the nazis invaded France, they left on exile on a boat that said it was going to Mexico, but went to the Dominican Republic. In 1946, she left the Dominican Republic because of the persecution led by the dictator Rafael Trujillo, and went to Venezuela. She moved to different countries for the rest of her life, and in the end died in Paris when she was 94.
Even though this picture became one of the most famous from the Civil War, Marina Ginestà didn’t know about it until a few years before dying.
i’m absolutely heartbroken about the terrorist attack that took place in barcelona today. catalonia is one of the most beautiful places in the world, with the kindest, most welcoming people. they are my second family, and barcelona is and will always be my second home. they will not divide us; they will not break us. my thoughts and prayers go out to everyone in the city today.