Atlanta Journal

Rep. Tommy Benton, R-Jefferson: KKK wasn't racist but was a vigilante thing to keep law and order

A Georgia lawmaker who was criticized for saying that the Ku Klux Klan was not racist has withdrawn bills he proposed to honor the Confederacy.

Rep. Tommy Benton, R-Jefferson, told the Atlanta Journal-Constitution last week that the KKK wasn’t racist but was “a vigilante thing to keep law and order.”

House and Senate members disavowed Benton’s comments in recent days, and the newspaper reported Monday that Benton withdrew his name as a sponsor from several measures, including a bill recognizing Confederate Memorial Day and Robert E. Lee’s birthday as state holidays.


Say what? So called “vigilance thing” is nothing but racist killers and hangmen. Benton forgot about thousands of victims. We live in 2016! How lawmaker could approve the actions of KKK calling them power to keep law and order? That’s absolutely dumb and ignorant regardless of the context. I think lawmakers should pay more attention to what they say in public.


Georgia lawmaker: “KKK wasn’t so much a racist thing”

In casual news out of the former Confederacy, a Georgia lawmaker is spreading historically inaccurate tripe about the Ku Klux Klan in an effort to save the South from “cultural terrorism.” In an exclusive interview with the Atlanta Journal-Constitution, Rep. Thomas Benton (R-Jefferson) insisted Thursday the KKK “was not so much a racist thing.” He said they served other purposes.

Jim Huber, a veteran sportscaster and journalist, has died. He was 67. Mr. Huber, who lived in metro Atlanta and once worked on The Atlanta Journal sports staff, spent more than 27 years working for Turner Broadcasting, according to a statement released by the network.

I did not know Jim Huber well but enjoyed his work and thought he was a nice man the few times we met.

On his “appointed rounds

“Feb. 24, 1958 - Rain or shine, the Atlanta Journal is at your door or on your porch every day, thanks to him. Lonnie Parham, 14, symbolizes the hundreds of Independent Carrier ‘Merchants’ (AJC Staff Photo/Tom Aldred).”

According to a former “paperboy” and AJC columnist, this job taught such skills as “business management, interpersonal relations, collections, dog taming, and weather survival.“ Kids usually delivered afternoon newspapers after school. According to this essay, the death of the afternoon paper also meant the end of kids as newspaper delivery people.

Photo courtesy of The Atlanta Journal-Constitution.
Take the night off; you deserve it by Ann Woolner & Leonard Ray Teel |

In college [Ron] Taylor aspired to a career in sportswriting, but the assassination in 1968 of Martin Luther King Jr. changed his focus to news, which he considered more meaningful. He joined the staff of the Atlanta Journal that year and quickly established himself as a versatile reporter and skilled story teller. He was soon winning awards for a series on suburban life in north Atlanta, “The Golden Ghetto,” and as one of the reporters of the series, “Two Atlantas- -Living in Limbo,” an in-depth look at race relations and a follow-up to an earlier series. He reported from Plains, Georgia, election night 1976 when Jimmy Carter was elected president, and from Washington, D.C., that January for Carter’s inauguration. He wrote on homelessness in Atlanta, and later helped edit and direct a team of reporters covering the South. … The work that produced the most dramatic reform began when Taylor reported that the Atlanta Zoo had sold a sickly, 12-year-old elephant named Twinkles to a traveling circus, where she died in a trailer. He and then-reporter Susan Faludi followed up with articles about Kodiak bears the zoo had lent out turning up dead in a roadside menagerie, zoo personnel making rabbit stew from animals intended for the children’s zoo and raising chickens and pigs for slaughter. Filthy conditions, inhumane treatment and incompetent management gave way when the stories provoked public outrage and city leaders mounted an effort to re-make the facility into Zoo Atlanta, considered first-class.

On a late summer Sunday morning 48 years ago on Sept. 15, 1963 at the peak of the civil rights movement, a homemade dynamite bomb exploded at the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church in Birmingham before worship services, snuffing out the lives of four young Sunday school girls. In retrospect, the atrocity, which stunned the nation, created a turning point as increasing numbers of Southerners reacted with disgust over violent resistance to racial desegregation.

Happy feet

1962 – The Sandy Springs High Class of ‘62 dances at the Marietta Country Club. Our original caption deigned to clue in the 'rents: “Those of the Charleston era puzzled? This is 'The Stroll.’”

Check out some more vintage back-to-school photos at “MyAJC Flashback Fotos: OK, back to school, Atlanta!“ For complete back-to-school coverage, visit

Photo credit: AJC file

Let’s visit the Atlanta Journal

January 1949 – Now why would the likes of Bob Hope and Doris Day show up at the Atlanta Journal in January 1949 to have a word with the pressmen? Was it to complain about something we’d written? Was it to laud us for a well-penned review? Or was it to ask “Hey fellahs, where the HECK are the COMICS?” Actually, the Hollywood duo was in-house to tour our then-new building on Forsyth Street in downtown Atlanta. So let’s all take a tour of the swank Journal building and see how your big-city newspaper comes together, shall we? Take the rest of the tour by viewing “My AJC Flashback Fotos: Let’s visit the Atlanta Journal.” For complete coverage of the Atlanta area, visit and

Photo credit: AJC file / 1949

Singles Ad
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You know everyone in the world is looking for love – some in the wrong places for sure – snorts.  This weekend I came across the most perfect singles ad that was posted in our local newspaper, The Atlanta Journal.  Why do you ask?  Read on to see what it said: “Single black female seeks male companionship, ethnicity unimportant.  I’m a very good looking girl that loves to play.  I love long walks…

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Adventures We Shared by Hyde Post |

… [T]hese days, serious backpackers are all about ultralite – a space blanket, some energy bars and a water bottle and they’re off. Ron was not about that. No matter how many times we ventured out, he would almost always have the heaviest pack. Ron always hiked for comfort, not for speed. Spam, Ron? You bring a can of apocalypse food into the woods? “It doesn’t go bad,” he would offer. “And it’s pretty good when you fry it.” So of course he would also bring a frying pan. And Cheese Whiz. And crackers. Camping stove. And a stovetop coffee percolator. And a very large lantern with fuel canister. Lots of rope. Knives. Hatchet. Pound of coffee. …
Ron Taylor, 65: He wrote with style  |

A graduate of the University of Georgia, Ron Taylor initially wanted to be a sports writer, but switched to social, economic and political topics after Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., was assassinated, friends and colleagues said.

Ron Taylor was — and it is hard for me to say the word “was” — a wonderful writer and a truly great man. This day has been very sad for all who were honored to know him. He  deserved this headline and much more.

Parade on Peachtree

1918 – Atlantans turned out in a big way for the 1918 Liberty Loan parade on Peachtree Street.

Check out some more photos at “MyAJC Flashback Fotos: Constitution photographer Tracy Mathewson’s Atlanta.” For complete coverage of Atlanta news, features and sports, visit or

Photo credit: Tracy Mathewson

Background to the Murder of Mary Phagan and Trial of Leo Frank
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Two church spires dominate an Atlanta street, from a stereoscopic view taken around the turn of the twentieth century. The fundamentalist Protestantism that dominated the South in 1913 – and still today – respects and even reveres Jews.

GEORGIA, as a part of the South, is a place where, though freethinkers are certainly not unknown, the vast majority of the population is deeply committed to Christianity — largely Protestant, fundamentalist Christianity. One’s personal “walk with Jesus” is taken very seriously here, and the religion informs almost every aspect of private, family, and public life. The fundamentalist worldview is dominant, as it is throughout the South, which, along with a few border states, is not called the “Bible Belt” for nothing. This was doubly true in 1913.

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Cyrus Scofield, publisher of the Scofield Reference Bible. He was an associate of John Nelson Darby, an early advocate of what would later be called Christian Zionism, a militantly pro-Jewish strain of Christianity. His book deeply influenced Southern Baptist, Pentecostal, evangelical, and other Christians.

One of the core beliefs of fundamentalism is literalism, a belief that every word of the scriptures was directly inspired by God and is literally true. The position of the average Georgian on the Bible is expressed in the saying, common in the South, “God said it. I believe it. That settles it.” The history in the Bible is, therefore, accurate, including God’s special preference for the Jews as His people, an especially holy people. The prophetic visions of the Bible are, therefore, infallible, including the centrality of Israel and its people to God’s plan for heaven and earth. The law set down in scripture is, therefore, to be obeyed absolutely, including its commands to honor and bless God’s Chosen. The Old Testament —  the entirety of which is by, about, and for Jews — is not glossed over or minimized by fundamentalists, as it is by some Christian denominations. It is God’s word; it is absolute truth no less than the New Testament. And Jehovah, the Jewish God of the Old Testament, is to fundamentalists the one and only God.

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Harry Golden: Writing for the American Jewish Committee, he found that Southern Christians were unusually supportive of Jewish causes.

Most important of all to fundamentalist Christians, Jesus was born a Jew, spoke in the synagogues, and was in fact the prophesied Jewish Messiah. The Jewish faith, the Jewish prophets, and the Jewish people themselves were the sources from which Christ came and without which Christ could never have existed.

It is the South that is the center of Christian Zionism. Many a sermon and many a ministry in the South have as their basis Genesis 12:3, in which God says of the Jews: “I will bless them that bless thee, and curse him that curseth thee.”

In 1909, four years before Mary Phagan’s murder, the first edition of the Scofield Reference Bible was published by Cyrus Scofield. It was innovative in that explanations of, and details about, the Biblical texts were printed in a column alongside the actual verses. Scofield’s Bible was tremendously popular and influential in fundamentalist circles and remains so to this day. Scofield wrote in his note to Genesis 12:3:

It has invariably fared ill with the people who have persecuted the Jew – well with those who have protected him. The future will still more remarkably prove this principle.

In subsequent editions Scofield’s followers expanded the note, adding “For a nation to commit the sin of anti-Semitism brings inevitable judgment.”

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Judah P. Benjamin, the Jewish Secretary of the Treasury of the Confederate States of America. He was the first Jewish appointee to a Cabinet position in any North American government. He also served as Attorney General, Secretary of State, and Secretary of War for the Confederacy, and was even portrayed on Confederate paper currency.

Harry Golden reported in the American Jewish Committee’s magazine Commentary that, shortly after the establishment of the Jewish state, “Bonds for Israel” salesmen in the South would purposely seek out Christians, since they were almost all enthusiastically pro-Zionist. If asked about their reasons for supporting Zionism, a typical fundamentalist Christian response was “It’s in the book!” — meaning, of course, the Bible. Such was the dominant Southern Christian position, and this attitude toward Jews cannot have materialized suddenly in 1948, nor even in the one generation or so from Leo Frank’s trial to that date. If anything, Christian-Jewish relations were better at the inception of the Frank case than afterward, as the case left scars that are yet to be fully healed.

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Ulysses S. Grant: As a Union general, he physically expelled Jews from all areas under his control in Kentucky, Mississsippi, and Tennessee, requiring them to leave this huge area “within 24 hours.”

Those who posit a pervasive anti-Semitism in Georgia a century ago can point to a few obscure pamphlets and some of Tom Watson’s populist diatribes (though Watson himself disclaimed anti-Semitism and a few years later attacked Henry Ford for his racial condemnation of Jews). But it seems quite unlikely that any major Southern publication could match the New York Tribune editorial of 1882, which stated of Jews, “There must be some other cause than their religion which makes these people dreaded as permanent inhabitants by every country to which they come.” One is entitled to doubt that any distinguished Southern journal would have dared to reprint the Boston Saturday Evening Gazette editorial of 1879 which remarked about Jews that “It is strange that a nation which boasts so many good traits should be so obnoxious.” Additionally, as far as is known, Atlanta never had the “honor” of having a branch of the “American Anti-Semitic Association” within its borders, as Brooklyn, New York did in 1896.

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Hundreds of thousands of Southerners like these died in the Civil War, many as a direct result of invasion and occupation by the North. Northern autocratic military rule persisted for years, with economic exploitation following in its wake. Resentment of the North ran high in 1913 Georgia.

In the 1890s, it was not in Marietta, Georgia, but in Saratoga Springs, New York where hoteliers famously posted signs reading “No Jews or Dogs Admitted Here.” In that crucible of Southern identity, the Civil War, Southerners made a Jew their Secretary of the Treasury in the person of Judah P. Benjamin, while the North in the person of Ulysses S. Grant physically expelled all Jews from all areas under his control, which included large parts of Kentucky, Mississippi, and Tennessee, cruelly demanding in a time of war and in an age of slow transportation that they be gone from this huge territory “within 24 hours.”

After the prolonged political battle of many New York Jews against Tammany Hall in New York City, in 1901 the city’s corrupt police force retaliated by attacking a Jewish funeral procession, billy clubs flailing. Nothing even remotely similar has been reported about the Atlanta of that era; in fact, knowing what we know about Southern-Jewish relations, it seems utterly inconceivable.

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The new, growing, skyscraper-studded Atlanta was well in evidence by 1913, as shown in this postcard proudly proclaiming the city’s “Great White Way” at night. The centerpiece here is Atlanta’s own “flatiron”-style English-American building, erected in 1897.

John Higham, in his “Social Discrmination Against Jews 1830 – 1930,” a work commissioned by the American Jewish Committee, called the South “historically the section least inclined to ostracize Jews,” and drew attention to the “striking Southern situation” of almost no discrimination against Jews there. True, Jewish-Gentile relations had somewhat declined there by the mid-twentieth century, and the massive campaign during the Frank appeals to paint his prosecution, and the South generally, as anti-Semitic — and the eventual creation of the Anti-Defamation League in the wake of Frank’s death — played their part in this change. The revived 20th-century Ku Klux Klan, inspired in part by the otherwise invisible and perhaps even nonexistent group that took responsibility for Leo Frank’s lynching, the Knights of Mary Phagan, was quite different from the original Klan: It took an overt and aggressive anti-Jewish position.

But the aftermath of the Frank trial had no part, of course, in the attitudes of the people of Atlanta on the day Mary Phagan was murdered. All things considered, the South in general and Atlanta in particular seem to have been, if anything, safe havens for Jews where they might escape from the anti-Semitism that was rampant around the beginning of the last century.

*  *  *

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Charles Carroll’s The Negro A Beast in the Image of God (1900) is emblematic of a societal attitude still common in 1913, especially in Southern and border states.

ATLANTA was not without real prejudices, though. The transformation of the South from an agrarian economy into an industrial one, with all its attendant evils, such as child labor, was the cause of passionate outcries for reform. The businessman, especially the industrialist, was not always looked upon with favor.

With industrialization came Northerners – often rich Northerners – who were commonly perceived as lording it over poor Southerners from illustrious family lines who, it was widely thought, ought to have been their social superiors. And the scars of the Civil War still ran deep. The war, and the sometimes brutal “Reconstruction,” was still within the living memory of the older generation. Many Atlantans of 1913 had personally experienced the killing of loved ones, defeat, exploitation, rape, poverty, hunger, dispossession, disenfranchisement, military dictatorship, and worse. The city itself had even been deliberately set afire by Union forces during the war. Though young Georgians had not experienced such horrors, they all had parents or other loved ones who had.

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In contrast to gleaming, electrified, and increasingly modern Atlanta, nearby Marietta at the turn of the last century remained much more rural. Here we see Marietta in 1905 on cotton market day. It was Marietta where Mary Phagan grew up and where her family made their home prior to their move to the working class Atlanta neighborhood of Bellwood. Thirteen-year-old Mary traveled every day by streetcar to the downtown sweatshop where she worked for the National Pencil Company under the direction of Leo M. Frank.

Southerners in 1861 had enough sense of peoplehood to separate themselves from the Union. The humiliating defeat of 1865 and the decade-long federal occupation had made that sense of peoplehood – of being a people apart, an oppressed nation within a nation – even stronger. And it bred a sense of distrust of authority, of resistance to established power, of direct vengeance on wrongdoers when the System failed to act, that suffused the very air of the South, from the sleepiest hamlet to the vibrant, burgeoning, modern, and industrial Atlanta that was rapidly arising from the ashes.

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Part of the ruins of Atlanta after the destruction of the city by Union forces in 1864: This event was still a living memory for many in 1913, and resentment of Northerners, especially the wealthy, ran high. Defeated in war, the South was occupied and ruled by outsiders for years.

The African-Americans of the South were yet another nation within a nation. Freed by Lincoln’s decree during the war, and briefly ascendent during Reconstruction when almost the entire Southern white population was disenfranchised, black people were quickly relegated to second class citizenship when self-government was restored to the former Confederacy. Almost all of them poorly educated and in poverty, and viewed as impulsive and potentially violent, they were the first to be suspected  – and, almost universally unable to employ competent counsel – the most likely to be convicted of violent crimes. Even worse for them, if it was popularly perceived among the white community that an African-American was using a lawyer or the “letter of the law” to avoid responsibility for a crime, or if authorities were simply too insistent that a black man or woman had legal rights that ought to be respected when “everybody knew” he or she was guilty, an abduction and an extra-legal hanging – a lynching – was often the result.

“Lynch law,” as it came to be called, often targeted African-Americans, though some “no account” Southern whites were its victims too. The lynching of a Jew, though – and lynching would ultimately be Leo Frank’s fate – was, as far as I have been able to determine, unheard of.

The “color line” in the South (and, in fact, in some parts of the North as well) forbade sexual contact or marriage between the races, and the rule ran far deeper than a mere written law. The violation of a white girl or woman by a black man was viewed as especially heinous and the man even suspected of such an act, to say nothing of one convicted of such an act, especially if the woman was harmed or killed, was probably not long for this earth.

In the race-conscious South of 1913, Jews were considered white. In fact, in the newspapers of Atlanta before, during, and after the trial of Leo Frank for the murder of Mary Phagan, Frank was referred to as a “white man” on innumerable occasions by reporters, witnesses, African-Americans, fellow Jews, pro-Frank partisans, and anti-Frank polemicists. Jews, furthermore, were not known for violent acts or crimes, nor feared as violators of white women. If anything, they were seen as an unusually industrious, intelligent, and law-abiding segment of society, even if they were a bit peculiar in their religious views. Marriage between Jews and Christians might have raised a few eyebrows in both communities – just as did intermarriage between members of widely different Christian denominations – but it was far from unknown, and such couples were not ostracized. In fact, Leo Frank’s own brother-in-law, Mr. Ursenbach, with whom he canceled an appointment to see a baseball game on the day Mary Phagan was killed, was a Christian.

If there was prejudice against Leo Frank in 1913 Atlanta, it was almost certainly not because he was a Jew. He was, however, a capitalist, a business owner, a manager, an employer of child labor, and a Northerner with an Ivy League education. He also came to be known during the course of the trial as sexually profligate. These facts probably did count against him.

Learn the never before published truths about the Leo Frank Case at
Phil Garner, 73, former CNN, Journal newsman |

As a writer for the Atlanta Journal in 1968-81, Phil Garner graced its pages with his insight and ease of expression. As a news editor for CNN in 1982-2000, he was a unflappable newsroom gatekeeper with a much-admired way with words. …

Randy Harber of Atlanta, who worked with Mr. Garner both at the Journal and CNN, marveled at his composure in times of stress. “Phil had qualities that were rare in a city room or a TV studio. Both can be pressure cookers, and yet Phil retained his gentlemanly manner and a poet’s soul despite the constant tension of deadlines,” he said.