Happy Birthday Gene Kranz!

The phrase “Tough and Competent” was created by NASA Flight Director Gene Kranz and became the rallying cry of NASA and the Mission Control crew after the Apollo 1 disaster. 

“Spaceflight will never tolerate carelessness, incapacity, and neglect. Somewhere, somehow, we screwed up. It could have been in design, build, or test. Whatever it was, we should have caught it. We were too gung ho about the schedule and we locked out all of the problems we saw each day in our work. Every element of the program was in trouble and so were we. The simulators were not working, Mission Control was behind in virtually every area, and the flight and test procedures changed daily. Nothing we did had any shelf life. Not one of us stood up and said, ‘Dammit, stop!’ I don’t know what Thompson’s committee will find as the cause, but I know what I find. We are the cause! We were not ready! We did not do our job. We were rolling the dice, hoping that things would come together by launch day, when in our hearts we knew it would take a miracle. We were pushing the schedule and betting that the Cape would slip before we did. From this day forward, Flight Control will be known by two words: 'Tough’ and 'Competent.’ Tough means we are forever accountable for what we do or what we fail to do. We will never again compromise our responsibilities. Every time we walk into Mission Control we will know what we stand for. Competent means we will never take anything for granted. We will never be found short in our knowledge and in our skills. Mission Control will be perfect. When you leave this meeting today you will go to your office and the first thing you will do there is to write 'Tough and Competent’ on your blackboards. It will never be erased. Each day when you enter the room these words will remind you of the price paid by Grissom, White, and Chaffee. These words are the price of admission to the ranks of Mission Control.” - The Kranz Dictum 

Gene Kranz served as Flight Director for a number of NASA milestones, including Apollo 11, the “successful failure” of Apollo 13, and the repair of the Hubble Space Telescope in 1994. Please be sure to checkout another great video from our friend Mike Dawson and his Assignment Universe project.

Watch “Gene Kranz - Mission Control: Tough & Competent” here:
Gene Kranz - Mission Control: Tough & Competent


みんな結構暖かい服装なのよ …


映画「Apollo 13」

Forty-five years ago, yesterday, on Saturday, 11 April 1970, the third piloted mission to deposit human explorers onto the surface of the Moon got underway, with a spectacular launch from Pad 39A at the Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Florida. As described in yesterday’s AmericaSpace article, Apollo 13 suffered from its fair share of misfortunes ahead of launch, when a case of German measles forced NASA to replace Command Module Pilot (CMP) Ken Mattingly with his backup, Jack Swigert, only days before leaving Earth. A shutdown of the center engine of the Saturn V booster added another moment of drama, but by 13 April—two days into their four-day voyage through cislunar space to the Moon—the mission seemed to be proceeding according to schedule.

MORE- http://www.americaspace.com/?p=79646

Photo credit: NASA

#NASA #Apollo #Apollo13 #History #SpaceHistory #ExploreSpace #Space #Moon #SaturnV #cislunar #spacetravel #astronauts #SpaceExploration

Made with Instagram

@NASA had and continues to have a “no alcohol” policy for orbit, but don’t let the fine print fool you. *Some* booze has made it to space. And at #TOTC2016, Jeffrey Kluger, senior writer at @Time and author of the book that inspired #Apollo13, gave the world’s best cocktail conference a lesson in how booze works out of this world.

Kluger cited Apollo 8 (1968) as the earliest example. While Commander Frank Borman, Command Module Pilot James Lovell, and Lunar Module Pilot William Anders became the first crew to travel beyond low Earth orbit and see the far side of the Moon, the trio were also astro-alcohol pioneers.

Apollo 8 flew over the Christmas holiday, so NASA wanted its crew to have a proper meal, according to Kluger. The writer mentioned dehydrated bacon cubes and turkey gravy stuffing tied in fireproof ribbon and warmed by a hot air gun. And the drink? Coronet Brandy.

“They were to become the first humans to drink above the world,” Kluger says. “But Borman confiscated the bottles. ‘If there’s any problem with this spacecraft, they’re going to blame the brandy.

Kluger recently visited with all three men, and they each still have unopened, future-collectors’-items nips of Coronet. The one pictured belongs to Lovell: “This bottle of brandy was included in my Christmas Day dinner coming home from the Moon. Borman and Anders each had a bottle. To my knowledge, this was the only alcohol aboard Mercury, Gemini, and Apollo spacecraft.

#space #booze #foodstagram via @nathanmattise

Made with Instagram