Anti-Vietnam-War-Movement

USA. Ohio. Kent. May 4, 1970. Mary Ann Vecchio, a 14 year-old student, kneels beside Jeffrey Milley who’d been shot by the National Guard. Though the photo that first circulated turned out to be manipulated, this is the original, un-doctored version. This picture won the Pulitzer Prize.

The Kent State shootings occurred at Kent State University and involved the shooting of college students by the Ohio National Guard on May 4, 1970. National Guardsmen fired into a group of unarmed students, killing four and wounded another nine—some marching against the Vietnam War and American invasion of Cambodia, some walking by or observing the protest from a distance. 

Guardsmen had on the previous day used tear gas to disperse protesters and, by May 4th, rallies were banned and classes resumed. But 2,000 people gathered in what quickly turned into confrontation. Tear gas and bayonets were met with rocks and verbal taunts, which were met with more than 60 rounds of gunfire. In 1974, all charges were dropped against eight of the Guardsmen involved. There were 28 guards who admitted to firing on top of the hill, 25 of these guards fired 55 rounds into the air and into the ground, 2 of the guards fired .45cal pistol shots, 2 into the crowd, and 3 into the air, one guard fired birdshot into the air. The guardsmen fired 61 rounds over a period of 13 seconds, killing four students and wounding nine others, one of whom suffered permanent paralysis.

There was a significant national response to the shootings: hundreds of universities, colleges, and high schools closed throughout the United States due to a student strike of four million students, and the event further affected public opinion—at an already socially contentious time—over the role of the United States in the Vietnam War.

Photograph: John Filo/Getty

Calling liberal democracy the dictatorship of the bourgeoisie is neither a metaphor nor exaggeration. “Free speech” and “universal suffrage” are not automatically signs of an actually free society. It’s a symptom of a more highly advanced dictatorship in this case. the reason, for example, the US affords so many “rights” is because the American ruling class is confident in their control.

But the moment these “rights” are used in a way that could lead to liberation, they fall over like the cardboard falsehoods they really are. And the only right that stands up on a foundation afterwards is the same Right claimed by the feudal kings and Roman patricians: the right for the strong to subject the weak to their will.

Look at what happened to the Paris Commune, the Black Power and anti-Vietnam War movements, and countless other popular organizations. When the status quo is threatened, bourgeois democracy reveals its true nature.

7

The U.S. Government has NEVER Favored Independent Black Political Thought

  1. FBI discusses moves “to increase the friction between SNCC and BPP.” (the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee and the Black Panther Party)
  2. FBI considers “various counterintelligence techniques” including a suggestion to “convey the impression that Carmichael is a CIA agent.” (Stokely Carmichael)
  3. Authorization for a publicly-operated telephone wiretap to spy on the phone calls of Bayard Rustin.
  4. A copy of a speech that Coretta Scott King was to deliver is forwarded to the FBI BEFORE HER SPEAKING ENGAGEMENT even occurs because the informant was “of the opinion that it would be an attempt to tie the anti-vietnam war movement to the civil rights movement.”
  5. Report of a disturbance by a group called “Five Percenters” who reportedly “had two policemen pinned up in Hotel Theresa, One Hundred Twentyfifth St. and Seventh Ave, NYC, and were threatening them.”

Notice the diversity of Black political leaders under surveillance (Stokely Carmichael; Bayard Rustin; Coretta Scott King)

Notice the varying Black political ideologies considered a “threat” (the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee; the Black Panther Party; the NAACP; the Nation of Gods and Earths)

Notice that none of the actions cited in the files were illegal (with perhaps the exception of #5)

Happy Black History YEAR!

USA. Wisconsin. Madison. October 18, 1967. “Dirty Fascist!” An enraged University of Wisconsin student yells at a policeman after Madison police used riot clubs and tear gas to break up an anti-war protest. Dozens of persons, including policemen, were injured in the rioting.

Photograph: Dennis Connor/Bettmann/Getty

USA. Illinois. Chicago. October 11, 1969. Protesters Arrested During the Days of Rage.

The Days of Rage riots in Chicago took place over a 4-day period beginning October 8, 1969, after members of the Weathermen, a militant offshoot of the Students for a Democratic Society, converged on the city to confront police in the streets in response to the trial of the group of anti-Vietnam War activists known as the “Chicago Eight”.

The riot began following a three-hour rally in the city’s Lincoln Park, a meeting that had begun with the construction of a bonfire. During the course of the rally, at least a dozen park benches were destroyed to keep the flames alive, with Weathermen members closing by urging the 600 attendees to “tear down the Drake Hotel and get Hoffman,” a reference to trial judge Julius Hoffman.

Heading both north and south on Clark Street, the rampaging mob broke windows and damaged cars along the way. This continued for several days, causing a large amount of property damage. One person was killed and many demonstrators were arrested. Some of the Weathermen members became fugitives and went underground when they failed to appear for trial in connection with their arrests during the riots; some only resurfaced decades later.

Photograph:Bruno Barbey/Magnum Photos

USA. California. San Francisco. April 15, 1967. Bobby Seale, co-founder and chairman of the Black Panther Party, selling Mao’s Red Book to raise money at the first San Francisco peace march against the Vietnam War. 

Photograph: Stephen Shames/Courtesy of Steven Kasher Gallery

i’m kinda obsessed with this idea of bellamy and clarke being lovers who have been reincarnated time after time after time only to find their way back to each other in each life. 

like they start off in rome and she’s betrothed to the callous emperor but she’s in love with a common boy and when the emperor finds out he puts bellamy to death by way of combat in the colosseum and clarke has to watch as he’s mauled to death by a lion. 

and in their next lifetime he’s on an expedition to the new world and clarke is a native and he teaches her his own language (or bits and pieces) but idk something happens and she gets killed by one of the other explorers in bellamy’s group

and in the next life clarke and bellamy are in salem and clarke’s mother is one of the higher ups in regards to the church and has a lot of political power. when a young girl who has a childish crush on bellamy finds him interlocked with clarke in the woods, their clothes askew and his mouth on clarke’s neck, she goes to abigail claiming that they’re both witches that put a curse on her. when they’re tried for it in court, abby is only able to get clarke off the hook and clarke watches in horror as bellamy is hanged.

next, they’re political protesters, both taking part in the anti-Vietnam war movement. they’re at kent state when they hear a gun shot ring through the air and chaos ensues. bellamy and clarke are separated and when the shooting stops bellamy is screaming out her name trying to find her. when he finally does, she’s laying on the ground, blood pooling around her as her lifeless eyes stare up at the sky. 

they almost get to be happy in their modern day lives, in 2015 when they’re both college students and fighting each other on everything, be it what pizza toppings they want to order or whether or not bellamy deleted the newest episode of Grey’s off the DVR. they love each other, though, more than life itself. so when clarke gets pregnant it’s great news. until she’s giving birth to their daughter and she won’t stop bleeding and her skin is getting paler by the second and her grip on bellamy’s hand is going slack and she’s whispering, “take care of her.” before she closes her eyes for the last time. 

and the next time they’re resurrected, she’s a princess from the sky and he’s her knight and all he wants is for her to just stay with him but he knows she can’t. 

and maybe someday they’ll get it right, but not right now.