Alcedinidae

Spotted Wood Kingfisher (Actenoides lindsayi)

…a striking species of kingfisher (Alcedinidae) which is endemic to the Philippines. Spotted wood kingfishers typically inhabit subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, where they are typically seen near bodies of water. Like most kingfishers A. lindsayi feeds mainly on fish which are caught via plunge diving. 

Classification

Animalia-Chordata-Aves-Coraciiformes-Alcedinidae-Actenoides-A. lindsayi

Image: Doing Big Year

Banded Kingfisher - Lacedo pulchella (male)

The Banded Kingfisher, Lacedo pulchella (Coraciiformes - Alcedinidae), is a small kingfisher up to 20 cm, which regularly raises and lowers crown feathers. Male of nominate race has bright blue crown. This species is found widely through Southeast Asia. 

Reference: [1]

Photo credit: ©Micky Lim | Locality: Panti Bird Sanctuary, Johor, Malaysia (2010)

Little Kingfisher (Alcedo pusilla)

…a very small (4.3-5 inches!) species of River Kingfisher (Alcedinidae) that is native to northern Queensland and the north Northern Territory in Australia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, and the Solomon Islands. Little kingfishers are often seen in open forest, woodlands, swamps, mangroves, and other sufficiently wet places. Where, like other kingfishers it will plunge dive for small fish and aquatic invertebrates. Little kingfishers will nest on the banks of rivers, nesting typically occurs from October through March. 

Classification

Animalia-Chordata-Aves-Coraciiformes-Alcedinidae-Alcedo-A. pusilla

Image: JJ Harrison

Common Kingfisher - Alcedo atthis | ©Angel Pulido Domínguez (Huelva, Spain)

Common kingfishers are widely distributed over Europe, Asia, and North Africa. Although these birds are not listed as endangered, their populations are vulnerable to various threats. 

It is thought that only a half of the fledglings survive more than a week or two, and only a quarter of adult birds survive from one breeding season to the next. Despite high breeding productivity, weather conditions can also cause significant mortality. Populations can take many years to recover from a bad winter and flooding in the summer can make fishing difficult, resulting in starvation of the brood.

Kingfishers are high up in the food chain, and therefore extremely vulnerable to build-up of chemicals. Industrial pollution and contamination by agricultural run-off kills the fish birds rely on, effectively excluding the birds from many stretches of river that would otherwise be suitable habitats. 

As if that were not enough, traffic and window collisions are other known causes of death. The main predator is the domestic cat, but rats can also be a serious problem [source].

With so many threats, legal protection of the species in its range is not sufficient, requiring that their habitat be preserved and also to ensure that it maintains a good environmental quality. Otherwise, the trend of existing populations will be reduced.

youtube

I could watch this for hours tho

Woodland Kingfisher - Halcyon senegalensis

The Woodland Kingfisher, Halcyon senegalensis (Coraciiformes - Alcedinidae) is a beautiful blue bird common across sub-Saharan Africa, occupying a wide variety of woodland and savanna habitats. It is quite an adaptable hunter, feeding mainly insects but also small vertebrates, such as fish, snakes and even other birds.

References: [1] - [2]

Photo credit: ©Arno Meintjes (CC 2.0) | Locality: Mpumalanga Rural, Mpumalanga, South Africa (2009)

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Author Pkhun at en.wikipedia - http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/deed.en Black-backed Kingfisher from Kho Hong Hill, Hatyai, Songkhla Province, Southern Thailand.

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Oriental dwarf kingfisher, Three-toed kingfisher - Martin-pêcheur pourpré - Martín pescador oriental - (Ceyx erithaca).

Stork-billed Kingfisher - Pelargopsis capensis

Pelargopsis capensis (Coraciiformes - Alcedinidae) is a large kingfisher, native to Southeast Asia, with a characteristic huge bill that gives it its common name. Mostly solitary, Stork-billed kingfishers are rarely sighted because they are shy and less noisy than other kingfishers.

References: [1] - [2]

Photo credit: ©Yunus Mony (CC BY 2.0) | Locality, Sher- E- Bangla Nagar, Dhaka, Bangladesh (2013)

910 × 1.024 Pixel.

Martin-chasseur géant ou kookaburra - Cucaburra común - Jägerliest, Lachender Hans - Laughing Kookaburra - (Dacelo novaeguineae) at Audley, Royal National Park, New South Wales, Australia.

Urheber Quartl

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/deed.de - (CC BY-SA 3.0)

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Rufous-collared Kingfisher - Actenoides concretus (female)

The Rufous-collared Kingfisher, Actenoides concretus (Coraciiformes - Alcedinidae) is a Near Threatened species native to Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar and Thailand; and extinct of Singapore. 

The adult Rufous-collared Kingfisher is a medium-sized bird with a generously proportioned head. 

References: [1] - [2]

Photo credit: ©Micky Lim | Locality: Panti Bird Sanctuary, Johor, Malaysia (2011)