Uma imponente mulher negra, uma criança e a natureza exuberante à sua volta apresentam esta pintura em primeiro plano, adornada com um colar de coral e outro de perolas, pingentes e brincos além de uma pulseira de ouro e na cintura um cachimbo semelhante ao dos holandeses.
Painting of a Black Brazilian woman and child, probably slaves, by Dutch artist Albert Eckhout, completed in 1641 and currently held at the National Museum of Denmark in Copenhagen. Invited to the short-lived Dutch colony of Niew Holland in Brazil at the behest of its governor, John Maurice of Nassau, Eckhout produced a number of paintings featuring African slaves, members of the region’s indigenous Tupinamba tribe, tropical landscapes, and various still lives of fruits and animals native to the area.
Manioc or Cassava is a tuber that is a primary food in tropical South America.
Many rainforest peoples hold ceremony to honor the Manioc Mothers. In Brazil the Mundurucu Shamans invoke her thus: “Mother of manioc, show favor to us. Let us suffer no famine; we call on you each year with our prayers. We have not forgotten you.” - Goddesses in World Culture by Patricia Monagha
Painting: Still Life with Manioc,
Recife, Brazil (1637-1644) Scanned from the book Albert Eckhout: een Hollandse kunstenaar in Brazilië.
Americque By Jan Van Kessel “The Elder” (1626-1679), Dutch Brazil.
“It contains two Brazilian figures based on the paintings of Brazilian ‘Tapuya’ Indians made by the Dutch painter Albert Eckhout in 1641-43, a third Ameridian figure in the foreground, wearing a headdress and a skirt of red feathers, and various fauna and flora taken from Piso and Markgraf’s Historiae rerum naturalium Brasiliae, Yet the scene is not fully American either; it includes a set of Javanese gamelan gongs, Japanese armor and arms, and shells wich are either Indo-Pacific or pantropical.” - Peter Mason
Albert Eckhout (c. 1610- c. 1666): Dom Miguel de Castro’s servant with a decorated casket [Servo de Dom Miguel de Castro com cesto decorado], 17th century, oil on panel, 72 x 62 cm, Statens Museum for Kunst, Copenhagen, Denmark, source: nonosanoscsa.blogspot.com. and commons.wikimedia.org.
The Indigenous peoples in Brazil (Portuguese: povos indígenas no Brasil) comprise a large number of distinct ethnic groups who inhabited the country prior to the European invasion around 1500. Unlike Christopher Columbus, who thought he had reached the East Indies, the Portuguese, most notably Vasco da Gama, had already reached India via the Indian Ocean route when they reached Brazil.
Nevertheless the word índios (“Indians”) was by then established to designate the people of the New World and stuck being used today in the Portuguese language to designate these peoples, while the people of India, Asia are called indianos in order to distinguish the two people.
At the time of European discovery, some of the indigenous peoples were traditionally mostly semi-nomadic tribes who subsisted on hunting, fishing, gathering, and migrant agriculture. Many of the estimated 2,000 nations and tribes which existed in the 16th century died out as a consequence of the European settlement, and many were assimilated into the Brazilian population.